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Zhang L.-Z.,First Central Hospital of Tianjin | Wen K.,Tianjin Medical University
Tumor | Year: 2012

S1P (sphingosine 1-phosphate) is one of the metabolite products of membrane sphingomyelin, and it plays an important role in formation, transformation and progression of many malignant tumors as well as the regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis. Furthermore, S1P plays different roles in regulation of biological behaviors of malignant tumors depending on the types of the cells and S1PR (sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor). For ovarian cancer and colon cancer, S1P improves the growth of tumors cells by S1PR1/S1PR3, but for malignant melanoma, it inhibits the cell growth by S1PR2. There is a difference in the downstream pathways mediated by difficult receptors. This review summarizes the advances in research on the roles of S1P in regulating biological behaviors of tumor cells and different signal pathways of S1P mediated by various receptors. Copyright © 2012 by TUMOR.

Du Y.,Shanghai University | Bai Y.,Shanghai University | Xie P.,Shanghai University | Fang J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 32 more authors.
BMC Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background: Chronic gastritis is one of the most common findings at upper endoscopy in the general population, and chronic atrophic gastritis is epidemiologically associated with the occurrence of gastric cancer. However, the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic gastritis in China is unclear.Methods: A multi-center national study was performed; all patients who underwent diagnostic upper endoscopy for evaluation of gastrointestinal symptoms from 33 centers were enrolled. Data including sex, age, symptoms and endoscopic findings were prospectively recorded.Results: Totally 8892 patients were included. At endoscopy, 4389, 3760 and 1573 patients were diagnosed to have superficial gastritis, erosive gastritis, and atrophic gastritis, respectively. After pathologic examination, it is found that atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia were prevalent, which accounted for 25.8%, 23.6% and 7.3% of this patient population. Endoscopic features were useful for predicting pathologic atrophy (PLR = 4.78), but it was not useful for predicting erosive gastritis. Mucosal-protective agents and PPI were most commonly used medications for chronic gastritis.Conclusions: The present study suggests non-atrophic gastritis is the most common endoscopic finding in Chinese patients with upper GI symptoms. Precancerous lesions, including atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia are prevalent in Chinese patients with chronic gastritis, and endoscopic features are useful for predicting pathologic atrophy. © 2014 Du et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Chen T.S.,First Central Hospital of Tianjin
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery | Year: 2012

To assess the characteristics of the dysfunction of semicircular canal in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and the relationship with the ectopic otoconia. There were 214 patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), including 107 cases of posterior semicircular canal canalithiasis (PSC-Can) 80 cases of horizontal semicircular canal canalithiasis (HSC-Can), 27 cases of horizontal semicircular canal cupulolithiasis (HSC-Cup). One hundred and ninety (88.8%) patients were accompany with relevant diseases while 24 (11.2%) cases were not. They accepted low, middle and high frequency vestibular function tests, including caloric test (CT), head shaking test (HST) and video head impulse test (vHIT) respectively. The parameters of the unilateral weakness (UW), head shaking nystagmus (HSN) and video head impulse test gain (vHIT-G) were observed. Patients classified into three groups (PSC-Can, HSC-Can, HSC-Cup) according to the involvement semicircular canal. The results of the three tests were analyzed with SPSS16.0 software. The positive cases of the three tests were vHIT: 15 (7.0%), HST: 52 (24.3%), CT: 152 (71.0%), a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) was found between the three tests. When compared the Caloric Test, HST and vHIT between the BPPV patients with and without relevant diseases, there were no significant differences (P > 0.05). The variance without statistical significance (P > 0.05) was showed between three tests' results in each groups, it was also showed that the variance between the three groups in each tests reached no statistical significance (P > 0.05). The test of affected side UW between PSC-Can, HSC-Can and HSC-Cup showed the variance without statistical significance (F = 0.970, P = 0.383). The lesion of semicircular canals has the same etiological factors with the utricle pathological change in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and the dysfunction mostly happens in low frequency range of semicircular canal frequency band. The ectopic otoconia is not the main etiological factors for that. HST and vHIT of middle and high frequency can not be ultimately used for the screening test evaluating due to the semicircular canal function in BPPV.

Lin Y.-D.,Tianjin Medical University | Zhao B.,First Central Hospital of Tianjin | Yin K.,First Central Hospital of Tianjin
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Basic fibroblast growth factor is a pluripotent cytokine that can promote the proliferation of mesodermal and neuroectodermal cells. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor in human periodontal ligament cells cultured in vitro. METHODS: Human periodontal ligament cells at passage 5 were inoculated into the 96-well plates at the density of 1×108/L, and were randomly divided into four groups. The cells were cultured in α-MEM containing 15% fetal bovine serum and 0, 1, 10, 100 μg/L basic fibroblast growth factor, respectively. At 1, 3, 5, 7 days of the culture, the cell proliferation was determined, and the activity of alkaline phosphates was detected at 1 and 7 days. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There were significant differences in the proliferation of human periodontal ligament cells among the four groups (F=6.586, P=0.024). As the increase of the basic fibroblast growth factor concentrations, the absorbance value was gradually increased and reached the peak in 100 μg/L basic fibroblast growth factor group (P < 0.05). The alkaline phosphatase activity in basic fibroblast growth factor groups was lower than that of the control group (P=0.000), the higher the concentration was, the lower activity was (P < 0.05). Results show that basic fibroblast growth factor can promote the proliferation of human periodontal ligament cells and inhibit the activity of alkaline phosphatase, and the effect is concentration-dependent.

Gao G.,First Central Hospital of Tianjin | Gong B.,Breast and Vascular Surgery | Shen W.,First Central Hospital of Tianjin
Surgical Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: We performed a meta-analysis to compare the diagnostic performance of integrated 18FDG PET-CT with that of 18FDG PET alone and CT alone for the overall assessment of tumor distant metastases. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of 11 available articles (1107 patients). We calculated sensitivities, specificities, positive likelihood ratios, and negative likelihood ratios for integrated PET-CT, PET alone, and CT alone, respectively. We also constructed summary receiver operating characteristic curves for integrated PET-CT, PET alone, and CT alone, respectively. Results: Across 10 comparative studies (1058 patients), integrated PET-CT has higher sensitivity (0.95 vs 0.85) and similar specificity (0.96 vs 0.95) with PET alone. Across 7 comparative studies (745 patients), integrated PET-CT has higher sensitivity (0.97 vs 0.80) and similar specificity (0.97 vs 0.94) with CT alone. Conclusion: Integrated PET-CT is the most sensitive and accurate modality for tumor distant metastasis staging. Integrating PET with CT may tend to improve the sensitivity than PET alone and CT alone. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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