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Chen D.,Sun Yat Sen University | Zhao P.,First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | Li S.-Q.,Sun Yat Sen University | Xiao W.-K.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Surgical Oncology

Background Sorafenib represents the standard of care targeted therapy for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, biomolecules that predict a patient's response to sorafenib treatment for HCC remain largely unknown. Thus, this study was designed to investigate whether phosphorylated ERK (pERK) and members of the sorafenib target or PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway predict the efficacy of sorafenib in advanced HCC patients. Methodology From December 2008 to October 2011, pathological specimens from 54 advanced HCC patients received sorafenib treatment were obtained. Clinicopathological variables, treatment response, survival and time to progression (TTP) were recorded. Immunophenotypical analysis was carried out using antibodies against pERK, phosphorylated S6K (pS6K), VEGFR2 and PTEN. Results The median overall survival (OS) and TTP were 14.2 and 3.4 months, respectively, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 59.3%. Better Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) (95% CI: 3.27-4.93 m vs. 1.15-2.85 m, p = 0.01), Child-Pugh class A score (95% CI: 3.47-4.53 vs. 1.14-2.06 m, p < 0.01), and higher pERK (3.34-6.66 m vs. 1.33-2.67 m, p = 0.03) and VEGFR2 (3.49-6.52 m vs. 2.15-2.73 m, p = 0.04) immunohistochemical staining score were associated with increased TTP by univariate analysis. The ECOG PS (p = 0.022), Child-Pugh class (p = 0.045) and pERK staining score (p = 0.012) were found to be associated with TTP using multivariate analysis. Conclusion Sorafenib treatment outcome is favorable in advanced HCC patients who received tumor resection and who have a good ECOG PS and Child-Pugh class A liver function. The pERK immunohistological staining score, ECOG PS and Child-Pugh class may be helpful in determining patients most likely to benefit from sorafenib therapy. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Yang X.M.,First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases

To explore the expression of high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in the lung tissue and serum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and to explore its relationship with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin(IL)-1β. Sixty samples of lung tissues were obtained from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis who had underwent pneumonectomy in Department of Chest Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College from June 2010 to December 2011. At the same period, 40 normal lung samples were also obtained from patients with pulmonary contusion and lung cancer by surgical resections as the control group. The mRNA expressions of HMGB1 was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and the protein level of HMGB1 was measured by immunohistochemical staining of tissue microarrays in lung tissue. Blood samples were taken from 89 patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (pulmonary tuberculosis group), including hematogenous disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis (type II) in 35 cases and secondary pulmonary tuberculosis (type III) in 54 cases, and 50 healthy volunteers (control group). Furthermore, the 54 patients with secondary pulmonary tuberculosis were divided into different subgroups according to cavity formation and the lung fields involved: patients without lung cavity (35 cases) vs those with lung cavity (19 cases), patients with involvement of <2 lung fields (31 cases) vs ≥ 2 lung fields (23 cases). Serum concentration of HMGB1, TNF-α and IL-1β were detected by ELISA. Two sample t-test was used to compare date among groups, liner correlation analysis was established for correlation analysis. The average optical density of HMGB1 in pulmonary tuberculosis (69 ± 29) was significantly higher than that in normal lung tissue (22 ± 12) (t = 2.389, P < 0.05). The mRNA relative transcript levels of HMGB1 in pulmonary tuberculosis (786 ± 86) was significantly higher than that in normal lung tissue (202 ± 60) (t = 3.872, P < 0.01). The serum concentration of HMGB1, TNF-α and IL-1β in the pulmonary tuberculosis group were (5.0 ± 3.2) μg/L, (118 ± 77) ng/L and (33 ± 20) ng/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(1.7 ± 1.0) μg/L, (40 ± 11) ng/L and (18 ± 12) ng/L, respectively], the respective t values being -0.928, 4.268 and 11.064, all P < 0.01. In the subgroup of patients with hematogenous disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis, the serum concentration of HMGB1 and TNF-α[ (6.4 ± 3.3) μg/L, (147 ± 89) ng/L] were significantly higher than those in patients with secondary pulmonary tuberculosis [(4.1 ± 2.7) μg/L, (85 ± 37) ng/L] (t = 3.643 and t = 3.111, both P < 0.01). HMGB1 were correlated positively with TNF-α and IL-1β (r = 0.722 and r = 0.620, P < 0.01, respectively, n = 89) in the pulmonary tuberculosis group. Overexpression of HMGB1 in the lung tissue and serum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis may play an important role in the inflammatory response of pulmonary tuberculosis. The measurement of serum HMGB1 is useful to evaluate the severity of disease. Source

Ma Y.,Southern Medical University | Ma Y.,First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | Gong X.,Changsha Central Hospital | Mo Y.,Southern Medical University | Wu S.,Southern Medical University
International Journal of Molecular Medicine

Oxidative stress-mediated proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to plaque formation and the progression of atherosclerosis. Polydatin is a derivative of resveratrol, and is widely present in certain herbal medications used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we examined whether polydatin was capable of attenuating VSMC proliferation induced by oxidative stress as well as the potential involvement of the endothelial nitric oxide synthetase (eNOS)/SIRT1 pathway. Briefly, VSMCs were exposed to H2O2 for 24 h in the absence or presence of polydatin (10-100 M) prior to performing a cell proliferation assay. In mechanistic studies, the cells were incubated with the silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) inhibitor, EX527, or the eNOS inhibitor, L-NAME, prior to polydatin treatment. The results showed that polydatin inhibited VSMC proliferation and the level of reactive oxygen species, increased the expression of Kip1/p27, SIRT1 and eNOS, whereas the expression of cyclin B1, Cdk1 and c-myc was decreased. The number of cells in the G2/M phase was increased. Pre-treatment with L-NAME attenuated the inhibitory effects of polydatin on cell proliferation, inhibited the expression of SIRT1 and the phosphorylation of eNOS. Pre-treatment with EX527 also attenuated the inhibitory effects of polydatin on cell proliferation, but failed to reduce the activation of eNOS and the production of nitric oxide. Taken together, these findings suggest that, polydatin inhibited the oxidative stress-induced proliferation of VMSCs by activating the eNOS/SIRT1 pathway. Source

Li D.B.,First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College
Genetics and molecular research : GMR

Although there have been many studies investigating a possible association between p53 codon 72 polymorphism and risk of bladder cancer, the results have been inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis of six epidemiological studies, which included 597 bladder cancer cases and 731 controls. Patients with bladder cancer had a significantly lower frequency of Pro/Arg [odds ratio (OR) = 0.80, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.64-0.99], when compared to controls. Stratifying for race, we found that among Caucasians, patients with bladder cancer had a significantly higher frequency of Arg/Arg (OR = 1.64, 95%CI = 1.18-2.28) and a lower frequency of Pro/Arg (OR = 0.62, 95%CI = 0.44-0.86), compared to controls. Stratifying various studies by the stage of bladder cancer, we found that invasive bladder cancers had a significantly lower frequency of Arg/Arg (OR = 0.58, 95%CI = 0.36-0.93) and a higher frequency of Pro/Arg (OR = 0.62, 95%CI = 0.44-0.86) than did non-invasive bladder cancers. No significant association was found between this genotype and human papilloma virus. Based on our meta-analysis, we suggest that p53 codon 72 polymorphism is associated with bladder cancer and that genotypic distribution of this polymorphism varies with the stage of bladder cancer. Source

Yang Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Yu A.,First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College | Liu Y.,476th Hospital of PLA | Shen H.,476th Hospital of PLA | And 4 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology

Numerous evidence demonstrate that microglia mediated inflammatory injury plays a critical role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Therefore, the way to inhibit the inflammatory response is greatly needed. Treg cells have been shown to play a critical role in immunologic self-tolerance as well as anti-tumor immune responses and transplantation. In the current study, we transfered Treg cells in the ICH model, and investigated the effect. The cytokines of microglia were measured by ELISA, JNK/ERK and NF-κB were measured by Western blot and EMSA (Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay), animal behavior was evaluated by animal behavioristics. We found that Treg cells could inhibit microglia mediated inflammatory response through NF-κB activation via the JNK/ERK pathway in vitro, and improve neurological function in vivo. Our findings suggest that Treg cells could suppress inflammatory injury and represent a novel cell-based therapeutical strategy in ICH. ©. Source

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