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Zhang M.,Xian Jiaotong University | Li. W.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Medical University | Yu L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Wu S.,Xian Jiaotong University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: Hypoxia-inducible factor-1a (HIF-1α) is overexpressed in many human tumors and their metastases, and is closely associated with a more aggressive tumor phenotype. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol (RES) on the expression of ischemic-induced HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in rat liver.Methods: Twenty-four rats were randomized into Sham, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), and RES preconditioning groups. I/R was induced by portal pedicle clamping for 60 minutes followed by reperfusion for 60 minutes. The rats in RES group underwent the same surgical procedure as I/R group, and received 20 mg/kg resveratrol intravenously 30 min prior to ischemia. Blood and liver tissue samples were collected and subjected to biochemical assays, RT-PCR, and Western blot assays.Results: I/R resulted in a significant (P,0.05) increase in liver HIF-1α and VEGF at both mRNA and protein levels 60 minutes after reperfusion. The mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α and VEGF decreased significantly in RES group when compared to I/R group (P,0.05).Conclusion: The inhibiting effect of RES on the expressions of HIF-1α and VEGF induced by I/R in rat liver suggested that HIF-1α/VEGF could be a promising drug target for RES in the development of an effective anticancer therapy for the prevention of hepatic tumor growth and metastasis. © 2014 Zhang et al.

Gao Y.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Gao F.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Medical University | Ma J.-L.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Zhao D.-L.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment | Year: 2015

Objective: To assess the use of palliative whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in the treatment of brain metastases (BMs) and to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of these patients. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 46 patients with BMs who were treated with WBRT at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University between January 2013 and January 2015. External beam radiotherapy techniques were used to deliver 40 Gy in 20 fractions or 30 Gy in ten fractions with a 10 MV photon beam from a linear accelerator to the whole brain. Data were stored and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results: Of the 46 patients, the survival time of patients in our study was 10.8±0.55 months: 11.8±0.46 months in patients with WBRT, 11.75±1.00 in patients with WBRT + chemotherapy, and 3±0.79 months in patients with supportive care, respectively (P<0.01). The HRQOL scores of all the patients were 70±1.16 (before therapy) and 76.83±1.04 (after therapy) (P<0.01). The HRQOL scores of the patients with WBRT were 72.23±0.88 (before therapy) and 78.49±0.87 (after therapy) (P<0.01). There was no central nervous system toxicity; only two (4.3%) patients were found to have BM hemorrhage. Radiation necrosis happened in one patient (2.2%). Conclusion: Effective treatment options for patients with BMs are important. WBRT was evaluated to ensure survival outcomes and QOL were enhanced after therapy for patients with BMs. © 2015 Gao et al.

Gao Y.,Xian Jiaotong University | Gao F.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Medical University | Ma J.-L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Sun W.-Z.,Xian Jiaotong University | Song L.-P.,Xian Jiaotong University
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2014

Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer deaths worldwide due to its late diagnosis and poor outcome. Understanding genomic medicine may widen our vision into the oncogenesis of lung cancer and may open the door to improvements in the clinical management of lung cancer. It is well known that almost half of all genes are regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). This review focuses on the role of miRNAs in lung cancer and also touches on the value of miRNA-based novel therapies for lung cancers. © 2014 Gao et al. This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited.

Gao F.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Gao F.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Medical University | Liu Z.,Shaanxi Normal University | Ren W.,Shaanxi Normal University | Jiang W.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment | Year: 2014

Growing evidence indicates brain inflammation has been involved in the genesis of seizures. However, the direct effect of acute inflammation on neuronal circuits is not well known. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been used extensively to stimulate brain inflammatory responses both in vivo and in vitro. Here, we observed the contribution of inflammation induced by 10 μg/mL LPS to the excitability of neuronal circuits in acute hippocampal slices. When slices were incubated with LPS for 30 minutes, significant increased concentration of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In electrophysiological recordings, we found that frequency of epileptiform discharges and spikes per burst increased 30 minutes after LPS application. LPS enhanced evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents but did not modify evoked inhibitory postsynaptic currents. In addition, exposure to LPS enhanced the excitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons, as demonstrated by a decrease in rheobase and an increase in action potential frequency elicited by depolarizing current injection. Our observations suggest that acute inflammation induced by LPS facilitates epileptiform activity in vitro and that enhancement of excitatory synaptic transmission and neuronal excitability may contribute to this facilitation. These results may provide new clues for treating seizures associated with brain inflammatory disease. © 2014 Gao et al. This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited.

Gao Y.,Xian Jiaotong University | Chen K.,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University | Ma J.-L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Gao F.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Medical University
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2014

With the development of many nanomedicines designed for tumor therapy, the diverse abilities of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CONPs) have encouraged researchers to pursue CONPs as a therapeutic agent to treat cancer. Research data have shown CONPs to be toxic to cancer cells, to inhibit invasion, and to sensitize cancer cells to radiation therapy and chemotherapy. CONPs also display minimal toxicity to normal tissues and provide protection from various forms of reactive oxygen species generation. Differential cytotoxicity is important for anticancer drugs to distinguish effectively between tumor cells and normal cells. The antioxidant capabili- ties of CONPs, which enable cancer therapy protection, have also resulted in the exploration of these particles as a potential anticancer treatment. Taken together, CONPs might be a potential nanomedicine for cancer therapy and this review highlights the current research into CONPs as a novel therapeutic for the treatment of cancer. © 2014 Gao et al.

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