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Wang Z.,Tuberculosis Hospital of Shaanxi Province | He J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015

Breast hamartoma is an uncommonly reported benign breast lesion of uncertain cause and pathogenesis. The diagnosis of breast hamartoma by a single method such as mammography, magnetic resonance imaging or sonography is inadequate. In the majority of cases, the breast hamartoma is excised a few years after it has occurred when it is not too big. In the present report, however, a particularly large lesion with a long history is described. Such a case has rarely been reported and shows the necessity of early surgery to reduce trauma as much as possible. Excision of hamartoma was successfully performed and an 11x9x3.5-cm tumor was completely excised. The present study also reviews the literature on breast hamartoma. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Zhang J.-Y.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Deng Y.-N.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Zhang M.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Su H.,University of California at San Francisco | Qu Q.-M.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
Neurochemical Research | Year: 2016

SIRT3 is a member of Sirtuins family, which belongs to NAD+ dependent class III histone deacetylases. Emerging evidence suggests that SIRT3 plays a pivotal role in regulating mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a main pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Here, we have investigated the protective effect of SIRT3 for PD cell model. The rotenone-induced human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells damage was used as PD cell model. The lentiviral vectors were used to over-expression or knockdown SIRT3 expression. The cell viability was analyzed using MTT method. The apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were measured by flow cytometer. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) were detected by using automated microplate reader. The accumulation of α-synuclein was determined by immunofluorescence staining. SIRT3 knockdown significantly worsen rotenone-induced decline of cell viability (p < 0.01) and enhanced cell apoptosis (p < 0.01), exacerbated the decrease of SOD (p < 0.05) and GSH (p < 0.05), and augmented the accumulation of α-synuclein (p < 0.05). While SIRT3 overexpression dramatically increased cell viability (p < 0.01), and decreased cell apoptosis (p < 0.01), prevented the accumulation of α-synuclein (p < 0.05), suppressed the reducing of SOD (p < 0.05) and GSH (p < 0.01), decreased ROS generation (p < 0.05), and alleviated MMP collapse (p < 0.01) induced by rotenone. SIRT3 has neuroprotective effect in PD cell model and could be developed into a therapeutic agent for PD patients. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York


Zhu M.,Ningxia Medical University | Zhang N.,Ningxia Medical University | He S.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Yan R.,The Eighth Hospital Of Xian | Zhang J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
Clinical and Experimental Metastasis | Year: 2016

Mounting evidences has shown that miRNAs are involved in the development and progression of gastric cancer acts as tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. In our previous studies, we have found that the up-regulation of miR-106a occurs frequently in human gastric cancer tissues compared with that of normal tissues. Here, we investigate the role of the ectopic expressed miR-106a in the progression and metastasis of gastric cancer in vitro and in vivo. FFPE samples have the priority to be included and qRT-PCR was used to detect the miR-106a expression. Human gastric cancer cells and immortalized gastric epithelial cell were selected and the miR-106a mimic and inhibitor were transfected. Cell growth was determined by MTT method. The flow cytometric analysis for cell apoptosis and transwell assays for evaluating the cell migration and invasion were conducted. Luciferase assay and western blot confirmed the direct binding site of miR-106a and its target. BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided to explore the implantation of gastric cancer cells transfected with miR-106a antagomir. Abnormal over-expression of miR-106a significantly promoted gastric cancer cell proliferation, metastasis, inhibited the cell apoptosis. Functional experiment ascertained that miR-106a interacted with FAS and mediated caspase3 pathway. Knockdown of miR-106a leaded to the attenuation of gastric cancer implantation capacity in vivo. Moreover, expression of TIMP2 was inversely associated with miR-106a in nodule tissues. Apoptotic body was also seen under electron microscope accompanied by silencing of miR-106a. Together, this data indicated that miR-106a may act as an oncogene and contribute to gastric cancer development. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Hu Y.-F.,Yanan University Affiliated Hospital | Lei X.,Yanan University Affiliated Hospital | Zhang H.-Y.,Yanan University Affiliated Hospital | Ma J.-W.,Yanan University Affiliated Hospital | And 5 more authors.
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2015

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the expression of EGFR and the autophagy-related markers Beclin1 and LC3 in cervical cancer. Methods: Beclin1, LC3, and EGFR expression were analyzed in 80 samples of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 40 samples of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and 40 samples of normal cervical tissues by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression rates were analyzed with χ2 and Fisher’s exact tests. Differences in overall survival (OS) were determined using the Kaplan–Meier method and log-rank tests. Results: Cervical cancer, high-grade CIN, and normal cervical epithelial cells expressed Beclin1 in 26.2%, 77.5%, and 82.5% of patients, respectively, and expressed LC3 in 28.8%, 70.0%, and 75.0% of patients, respectively. There was a significant difference between cervical SCC and high-grade CIN or normal cervical epithelial cells (P=0.000). Cervical cancer cells, high-grade CIN cells, and normal cervical epithelial cells expressed EGFR in 68.8%, 62.5%, and 12.5% of patients, respectively. There was a significant difference between cervical SCC or high-grade CIN and normal cervical epithelial cells (P=0.000). No significant association between Beclin1 or LC3 or EGFR expression and various clinicopathological parameters was observed in cervical SCC. There was no significant correlation between Beclin1, LC3, EGFR expression, and 5-year OS rates of cervical SCC patients. Beclin1- or LC3-negativity with EGFR-positivity in cervical SCC was associated with a higher Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (P=0.011 and P=0.013, respectively) and pelvic lymph node metastasis (P=0.036 and P=0.092, respectively). The 5-year OS rates did not significantly differ between Beclin1- or LC3-positive and -negative patients with positive EGFR. Conclusion: Autophagy was downregulated and EGFR was upregulated in cervical SCC. Autophagy downregulation combined with EGFR upregulation promotes the progression of cervical SCC. © 2015 Hu et al.


Li P.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Mao X.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Ren Y.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Liu P.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
International Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2014

Cell polarity, which is defined as asymmetry in cell shape, organelle distribution and cell function, is essential in numerous biological processes, including cell growth, cell migration and invasion, molecular transport, and cell fate. Epithelial cell polarity is mainly regulated by three conserved polarity protein complexes, the Crumbs (CRB) complex, partitioning defective (PAR) complex and Scribble (SCRIB) complex. Research evidence has indicated that dysregulation of cell polarity proteins may play an important role in cancer development. Crumbs homolog 3 (CRB3), a member of the CRB complex, may act as a cancer suppressor in mouse kidney epithelium and mouse mammary epithelium. In this review, we focus on the current data available on the roles of CRB3 in cancer development. © 2014, Ivyspring International Publisher.


Yan X.-T.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2016

Background/Objectives:Effects of vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy have been associated with some adverse pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between vitamin D deficiency in childbearing aged women and pregnancy loss (PL) in the first trimester.Subjects/Methods:This is a cross-sectional study. Plasma was collected from 60 nulliparous women with singleton at 7–9 weeks of gestation (30 with viable gestation and 30 with PL) and 60 non-gravid childbearing aged women (30 with a successful pregnancy history, and 30 with one or more spontaneous first-trimester PL history). Quantitation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha hydroxylase (CYP27B1) was assayed.Results:By pregnancy/non-gravid, normal pregnant women had higher 25(OH)D (49.32 μg/l) and CYP27B1 (82.00 pg/ml) than PL women (34.49 μg/l and 37.87 pg/ml, both P<0.01); the non-gravid women with a successful pregnancy history also had higher 25(OH)D (39.56 μg/l) and CYP27B1 (39.04 pg/ml) than women with PL history (12.30 μg/l and 12.35 pg/ml, both P<0.01). The 96.7% of non-gravid women with PL history and 43.3% of PL women had serum 25(OH)D concentrations below 30 μg/l. There was a strong association between low vitamin D levels and PL (odds ratio 1.71; 95% confidence interval: 1.2–2.4, P<0.001). The regression analyses showed that PL was significantly inversely correlated with 25(OH)D (P<0.01) and CYP27B1 levels (P<0.01).Conclusions:Vitamin D deficiency associated with PL in the first trimester of pregnancy. Decreased serum vitamin D levels among childbearing aged women with the failed clinical pregnancies history may predispose to increased risk for PL.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 25 May 2016; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2016.83. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited


Wang X.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Hu Y.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Ren M.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Lu X.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | And 2 more authors.
Korean Journal of Radiology | Year: 2016

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of combined radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with RFA alone for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Materials and Methods: Randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies that compared the clinical or oncologic outcomes of combination therapy of TACE and RFA versus RFA for the treatment of HCC were identified through literature searches of electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Google Scholar). Hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) with their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were combined as the effective value to assess the summary effects. The strength of evidence was rated by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. Results: Six RCTs with 534 patients were eligible for inclusion in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that the combination of TACE and RFA is associated with a significantly longer overall survival (HR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.49–0.78, p < 0.001) and recurrence-free survival (HR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.40–0.76, p < 0.001) in contrast with RFA monotherapy. The seemingly higher incidence of major complications in the combination group compared with RFA group did not reach statistical significance (OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 0.39–3.55, p = 0.78). Conclusion: In patients with HCC, the combination of TACE and RFA is associated with significantly higher overall survival and recurrence-free survival, as compared with RFA monotherapy, without significant difference in major complications. © 2016 The Korean Society of Radiology.


Zhang J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Qu J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Wang J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014

Cardiac side-effects of chemotherapy are old dogs for cancer patient at the beginning of cancer treatment. The deleterious side-effects of chemotherapy on the cardiovascular system have been deemed as a serious clinical issue for a long term, especially sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to QT prolongation. Since induced pluripotent stem cells has been firstly reported by Takahashi and Yamanaka in 2006, iPS has become a valuable research tool. Especially, cardiomyocytes have been successfully derived from human iPS cells which carry on corresponding genetic information of disease, and therefore show a great promise in drug screen on the diseasing model. In this study, we hypothesized that iPS cells created from patient with cancer and carried corresponding genetic alteration will provide a genetic background for sensitivity screening of anticancer drug, as well as side-effects of cardiovascular system. © 2014 E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Liu S.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Yi Z.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Ling M.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Shi J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Genetic polymorphisms in drug metabolism and transport genes can influence the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of chemotherapy drugs. We investigated the role of genes involved in metabolic and transport pathways in response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of osteosarcoma patients. The association between the eight polymorphisms with response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of patients was carried out by unconditional logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazard models. Of 186 patients, 98 patients showed good response to chemotherapy, 64 died, and 97 showed progression at the end of the study. Patients carrying ABCB1 rs1128503 TT genotype and T allele were more likely to have a good response to chemotherapy. ABCC3 rs4148416 TT genotype and T allele and GSTP1 rs1695 GG genotype and G allele were associated with poor response to chemotherapy. In the Cox proportional hazards model, after adjusting for potential confounding factors, patients carrying ABCB1 rs1128503 TT genotype and T allele were associated with lower risk of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). ABCC3 rs4148416 TT genotype and T allele and GSTP1 rs1695 GG genotype and G allele were correlated with high risk of PFS and OS. The ABCB1 TT and GSTP1 GG genotypes were significantly associated with a shorter OS. In conclusion, variants of ABCB1 rs128503, ABCC3 rs4148416, and GSTP1 rs1695 are associated with response to chemotherapy and PFS and OS of osteosarcoma patients; these gene polymorphisms could help in the design of individualized therapy. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Li Y.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Mi C.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | Li W.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University | She J.,First Affiliated Hospital Of Xian Jiaotong University
Digestive Diseases and Sciences | Year: 2016

Background: Acute appendicitis is the most common abdominal emergency, but the diagnosis of appendicitis remains a challenge. Endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy (ERAT) is a new and minimally invasive procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis. Aim: To investigate the diagnostic value of ERAT for acute appendicitis by the combination of colonoscopy and endoscopic retrograde appendicography (ERA). Methods: Twenty-one patients with the diagnosis of suspected uncomplicated acute appendicitis who underwent ERAT between November 2014 and January 2015 were included in this study. The main outcomes, imaging findings of acute appendicitis including colonoscopic direct-vision imaging and fluoroscopic ERA imaging, were retrospectively reviewed. Secondary outcomes included mean operative time, mean hospital stay, rate of complication, rate of appendectomy during follow-up period, and other clinical data. Results: The diagnosis of acute appendicitis was established in 20 patients by positive ERA (5 patients) or colonoscopy (1 patient) alone or both (14 patients). The main colonoscopic imaging findings included mucosal inflammation (15/20, 75 %), appendicoliths (14/20, 70 %), and maturation (5/20, 25 %). The key points of ERA for diagnosing acute appendicitis included radiographic changes of appendix (17/20, 85 %), intraluminal appendicoliths (14/20, 70 %), and perforation (1/20, 5 %). Mean operative time of ERAT was 49.7 min, and mean hospital stay was 3.3 days. No patient converted to emergency appendectomy. Perforation occurred in one patient after appendicoliths removal was not severe and did not require invasive procedures. During at least 1-year follow-up period, only one patient underwent laparoscopic appendectomy. Conclusion: ERAT is a valuable procedure of choice providing a precise yield of diagnostic information for patients with suspected acute appendicitis by combination of colonoscopy and ERA. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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