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Zhang Y.,Xi'an Jiaotong University | Liu W.,First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School | He W.,Xi'an Jiaotong University | Zhang Y.,XiAn Central Hospital | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2016

Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is considered to play a crucial role in vertebrate development and carcinogenesis. Additionally, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular process during which epithelial cells become mesenchymal-appearing cells, facilitating cancer metastasis and invasion. Accumulating evidence has indicated that the Hh signaling pathway could potentiate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In the present study, we demonstrated that tetrandrine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Stephaniae, exerts its anti-metastatic ability in bladder cancer cells by regulating GLI family zinc finger 1 (Gli-1), a key factor of Hedgehog signaling pathway. In our study, we confirmed that tetrandrine could impede migration and invasion in bladder cancer 5637 and T24 cells. Additionally, tetrandrine reverses EMT by increasing the expression of E-cadherin and reducing the N-cadherin, vimentin and Slug expression in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, tetrandrine also decreases mobility and reduces the expression of Gli-1 in bladder cancer cells. Moreover, we verified that tetrandrine inhibits metastasis and induces mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) of bladder cancer through downregulation of Gli-1, which could be partially reversed by Gli-1 overexpression. In conclusion, our findings show that tetrandrine inhibits migration and invasion, and reverses EMT of bladder cancer cells through negatively regulating Gli-1. It indicates that Gli-1 may be a potential therapeutic target of tetrandrine against bladder cancer.

Wang X.-Q.,Cancer Hospital of Shaanxi Province | Yan H.,Cancer Hospital of Shaanxi Province | Terry P.D.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville | Wang J.-S.,First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Nutrition | Year: 2012

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships among Helicobacter pylori, dietary factors, and the risk of noncardia gastric cancer in a hospital-based case-control study in China. Methods: A case-control study of noncardia gastric cancer was performed at 3 hospitals in Xi'an, China, between September 2008 and July 2010. Participants were 257 men and women with histologically diagnosed primary noncardia gastric cancer and 514 sex- and age-matched (±5 years) control subjects selected from the communities where the cases were living when diagnosed. A questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding potential risk factors, including diet, and blood samples were obtained to examine H pylori infection status. Results: Positive H pylori status (odds ratio [OR], 3.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.8-5.9) and high consumption of pickled foods (OR, 27.1; 95%, 8.7-79.1) appeared to increase the risk of noncardia gastric cancer, whereas high consumption of vegetables (OR, 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1-0.89), fruits (OR, 0.2; 95% CI, 0.09- 0.81), and soya products (OR, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.01-0.3) appeared to decrease the risk. Consumption of meat, cereals, tubers, eggs, oils, nuts, fish, fresh fruit, and red meat was not clearly associated with risk. Effect modification was observed, such that a relatively high consumption of fruit and vegetables appeared to attenuate the association of H pylori with risk of noncardia gastric cancer (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our data suggest that noncardia gastric cancer is highly preventable through modifications in dietary habits. Given the prevalence of H pylori infection worldwide, information regarding potential interaction between H pylori and lifestyle factors in gastric cancer development, including the dietary factors examined in our study, may prove valuable in future efforts at prevention.

Cheng T.,First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School | Wang L.,First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School | Li Y.,First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School | Huang C.,Xi'an Jiaotong University | And 2 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2013

The present study aimed to detect microRNA expression levels in the tissues and sera of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The association of microRNA expression with ccRCC clinical pathology was analyzed, and the potential of the microRNAs as ccRCC serum markers and the significance of their expression in the clinical diagnosis, staging, prognosis and selection of new therapeutic targets for ccRCC were discussed. Specific microRNAs were selected according to the associated literature. TaqMan quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) technology was used to determine the expression levels of selected microRNAs. miR-34a, miR-224 and miR-21 were upregulated, whereas miR-141, miR-149 and miR-429 were downregulated in the ccRCC tissues (P<0.01). The expression of miR-221 and miR-211 was not significant in the ccRCC tissues (P>0.05). miR-34a, miR-21 and miR-224 were upregulated and miR-141 was downregulated in the sera of patients with ccRCC (P<0.01), while the expression of miR-149 and miR-429 was not significant (P>0.05). The serum miR-21 expression levels were significantly correlated with the clinical staging of the patients with ccRCC (P<0.05). miR-34a, miR-21 and miR-224 are upregulated in the tissues and sera of patients with ccRCC, whereas miR-141 is downregulated. miR-21 and miR-141 are associated with ccRCC and are, thus, potential ccRCC serum markers.

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