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Song X.,Dalian Medical University | Zhang Q.,Jilin Oncology Hospital | Kong X.,Jilin University | Li C.,Heilongjiang Oncology Hospital | And 3 more authors.
OncoTargets and Therapy

The effects of sorafenib for Chinese patients with metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) were evaluated to figure out the relationship between clinical variables and prognosis. The data were analyzed retrospectively from six comprehensive cancer centers in Northeast China. All cases were diagnosed as mRCC histopathologically without exception. Patients were taken 400 mg sorafenib orally twice daily until progression of disease or intolerable toxic reaction occurred. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and the influence of clinical variables on survival were appointed as main outcome measures. Clinical data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. A total of 131 patients were available for survival analysis. The median follow-up periods were 16.9 months, and the median OS and PFS were 16.1 months and 10.5 months, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS), metastatic sites, and previous therapy were significantly associated with OS, whereas PFS was merely associated with ECOG PS and previous therapy. The multivariate analysis suggested that ECOG PS, metastatic sites, and previous therapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS, and ECOG PS and previous therapy as the independent prognostic factors for PFS. In the subgroup analysis for patients with visceral metastasis, the prognosis of patients with lung metastasis alone was better than those cases with liver metastasis alone or multiple organs metastasis. In our study, sorafenib shows a higher curative activity for patients with mRCC in Northeast China. ECOG PS, metastatic lesions, and previous therapy may be important parameters for OS and PFS prediction. Lung metastases alone may be a more sensitive indicator for sorafenib than other organ metastases. © 2015, Guo et al. Source

Wang L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Hu J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Sun Y.,Peking University | Huang H.,Zhejiang University | And 14 more authors.
Medicine (United States)

Invasive fungal infection (IFI) remains as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Here, we report the subgroup analysis of China Assessment of Antifungal Therapy in Haematological Disease (CAESAR) study to evaluate the risk of IFI in patients with AML in 1st remission receiving high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) as consolidation. A total of 638 patients with AML in 1st complete remission were selected from the database. Among them, 130 patients received HiDAC alone with total dose of 2- 3 g/m2×6 while 508 patients received multiple-Agent combination chemotherapy (multiagent chemo group). The patients' characteristics were generally not different but more patients in HiDAC group had peripherally inserted central catheter (61.5% vs 44.5%, P=0.002). The median duration of neutropenia was 8.0 days in both HiDAC (2-20) and multiagent chemo group (2-28). Number of patients with prolonged neutropenia (>14 days) tended to be more in multiagent chemo group but not significant different (16.3% vs 8.8%, respectively). There was no significant difference between 2 groups in persistent neutropenic fever (40.8% vs 33.1%), antifungal treatment (11.5% vs 11.4%), and incidence of proven/probable IFI (4 probable in HiDAC vs 1 proven/4 probable in multiagent chemo, P=0.35) or possible IFI. As to the clinical outcome in terms of duration of hospitalization and death in remission, there was a trend of shorter duration of hospitalization in HiDAC (19 days, 3-70) compare to multiagent chemo group (21 days, 1-367, P=0.057) while no death documented in HiDAC group and only 2 patients died in the multiagent chemo group (0.4%). As to risk factors associated with IFI in all 638 patients, there was a trend of more IFI in patients with severe neutropenia (3.0%, P=0.089) and previous history of IFI (3.85%, P=0.086) while the antifungal prophylaxis was not associated significantly reduced IFI. Overall, our data support the perception that HiDAC alone as consolidation in first remission AML patients was well tolerated and not associated with increased hematological toxicity and IFI than conventional combination chemotherapy. Antifungal prophylaxis may not necessary except for patients with previous history of IFI. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Sha S.,Shenyang University | Xing X.-N.,Provincial Peoples Hospital | Cao Y.-P.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University
Journal of Neuroimmunology

Immunization of AD mouse models with Aβ reduced Aβ deposits and improved memory and learning deficits, but some clinical trials of immunization with Aβ were halted due to brain inflammation which was presumably induced by a T cell-mediated autoimmune response. We have developed a "possibly safer" vaccine. Our results demonstrate that pcDNA3.1 vector encoding ten repeats of Aβ3-10 fragments elicited high titers of antibodies which reacted well with not only monomeric but also oligomeric and fibrillar forms of Aβ42 peptide. Induced antibodies strongly reacted with amyloid plaques in the brain, demonstrating functional activity of the antibodies. Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence showed there was significantly less plaque deposition accomplied with less microglia activation as detected both in the frontal cortex and hippocampus. These data suggested that microglial activation is necessary for efficient removal of compact amyloid deposits with immunotherapy. No obvious inflammation T cell and Prussian blue positive cell was found indicated that inflammation T cell infiltration and microhemmorage can be avoided or at least reduced to the minimum level. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Hou G.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University | Yin Y.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University | Wang W.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University | Wang Q.-Y.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University | And 3 more authors.

Background and objective: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is a well-established diagnostic method that is underutilized due to the relatively high percentage of non-diagnostic samples and low success rates. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of liquid-based cytology test (LBC) on the diagnostic yield from TBNA. Methods: Ninety-seven consecutive patients who underwent TBNA due to significant mediastinal adenopathy were enrolled in the study. Each target site was aspirated four times, with the first and third aspirates being prepared for LBC and the second and fourth aspirates being reserved for conventional pick-and-smear (CPS) cytology. Results: Paired aspirates were obtained from 114 target sites, giving a total of 228 test samples from 97 consecutive patients. The overall diagnostic sensitivity of TBNA was 63.6% (56/88). The yields from small cell lung cancers were better than those from non-small cell lung cancers (P < 0.05), and TBNA of subcarinal nodes provided better diagnostic yields (P < 0.05). Nodal diameters > 20 mm on computed tomography were also associated with better yields than nodes with diameters of 10-20 mm (P = 0.001). The diagnostic sensitivity of TBNA was similar for each processing method-59.8% (61/102) for LBC and 64.7% (65/102) for CPS. Conclusions: LBC was not inferior to CPS with respect to diagnostic yields from TBNA, and enabled efficient pathological evaluation. © 2012 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology. Source

Han X.-R.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University | Sun Y.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University | Bai X.-Z.,First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University
Cellular Signalling

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a high-grade malignant bone tumor. In these studies, the cell apoptosis-related gene, programmed cell death 5 gene (PDCD5), and various fragments of it, were overexpressed in the OS cell line, MG-63. The effects of PDCD5 on MG-63 cells both in vivo and in vitro were then identified. Our results indicate that PDCD5 can induce apoptosis and G2 phase arrest in MG-63 cells. Moreover, expression of PDCD5 in established xenografted tumors was associated with a decrease in tumor size and weight. Accordingly, the survival rate of these mice was significantly higher than that of mice bearing tumors that did not express PDCD5. To analyze the signaling pathway involved, western blotting was performed. In these assays, PDCD5 was found to inhibit the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway, leading to inhibition of cyclin B and CDK1. In addition, down-regulation of ERK resulted in activation of caspase 3 and caspase 9. These results are consistent with the G2 phase arrest observed with overexpression of PDCD5. However, a G1 phase arrest was not observed. Therefore, proteins associated with the G1 phase of the cell cycle were overexpressed in combination with PDCD5 overexpression. Overall, these studies demonstrate the anti-tumor activity of PDCD5 in the OS cell line, MG-63, and provide insight into relevant mechanisms that may lead to novel treatments for OS. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

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