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News Article | April 25, 2017
Site: www.sciencedaily.com

Plastic, rubber, and many other useful materials are made of polymers -- long chains arranged in a cross-linked network. At the molecular level, these polymer networks contain structural flaws that weaken them. Several years ago, MIT researchers were the first to measure certain types of these defects, called "loops," which are caused when a chain in the polymer network binds to itself instead of another chain. Now, the same researchers have found a simple way to reduce the number of loops in a polymer network and thus strengthen materials made from polymers. To achieve this, the researchers simply add one of the components of the polymer network very slowly to a large quantity of the second component. Using this approach, they were able to cut the number of loops in half, in a variety of different polymer network structures. This could offer an easy way for manufacturers of industrially useful materials such as plastics or gels to strengthen their materials. "Just by changing how fast you add one component to the other, you can improve the mechanical properties," says Jeremiah A. Johnson, the Firmenich Career Development Associate Professor of Chemistry at MIT and the senior author of the paper. MIT graduate student Yuwei Gu is the first author of the paper, which appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences the week of April 24. Other authors are MIT associate professor of chemical engineering Bradley Olsen; MIT graduate student Ken Kawamoto; former MIT postdocs Mingjiang Zhong and Mao Chen; Case Western Reserve University Assistant Professor Michael Hore; Case Western Reserve graduate student Alex Jordan; and former MIT visiting professor and Case Western Reserve Associate Professor LaShanda Korley. In 2012, Johnson's group devised the first way to measure the number of loops in a polymer network and validated those results with theoretical predictions from Olsen. The researchers found that the loops can make up about 9 percent to nearly 100 percent of the network, depending on the concentration of polymer chains in the starting material and other factors. A few years later, Johnson and Olsen developed a way to calculate how much these loops weaken a material. In their latest work, they set out to reduce loop formation, and to achieve this without changing the composition of the materials. "The goal we set for ourselves was to take the same set of precursors for a material that one would normally use, and, using the exact same precursors under the same conditions and at the same concentration, make a material with fewer loops," Johnson says. In this paper, the researchers first focused on a type of polymer structure known as a star polymer network. This material has two different building blocks: a star with four identical arms, known as "B4," and a chain known as "A2." Each molecule of A2 attaches to the end of one of the B4 arms. However, during the typical synthesis process, when everything is mixed together at once, some of the A2 chains end up binding to two of the B4 arms, forming a loop. The researchers found that if they added B4 very slowly to a solution of A2, each of the B4 arms would quickly react with a single molecule of A2, so there was less opportunity for A2 to form loops. After a few hours of slowly adding half of the B4 solution, they added the second half all at once, and the star-shaped subunits joined together to form a cross-linked network. This material, the researchers found, had about half as many loops as the same material produced using the traditional synthesis process. Depending on how many loops were in the original material, this "slow then fast" strategy can improve the material's strength by as much as 600 percent, Johnson says. The researchers also tried this technique with four other types of polymer network synthesis reactions. They were not able to measure the number of loops for all of those types of polymers, but they did find similar improvements in the strength of the materials. This approach could potentially help to improve the strength of any material made from a gel or other cross-linked polymer, including plastics, membranes for water purification, adhesives made of epoxy, or hydrogels such as contact lenses. Johnson's lab is now working on applying this strategy to a variety of materials, including gels used to grow cells for tissue engineering.


News Article | April 24, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

CAMBRIDGE, MA -- Plastic, rubber, and many other useful materials are made of polymers -- long chains arranged in a cross-linked network. At the molecular level, these polymer networks contain structural flaws that weaken them. Several years ago, MIT researchers were the first to measure certain types of these defects, called "loops," which are caused when a chain in the polymer network binds to itself instead of another chain. Now, the same researchers have found a simple way to reduce the number of loops in a polymer network and thus strengthen materials made from polymers. To achieve this, the researchers simply add one of the components of the polymer network very slowly to a large quantity of the second component. Using this approach, they were able to cut the number of loops in half, in a variety of different polymer network structures. This could offer an easy way for manufacturers of industrially useful materials such as plastics or gels to strengthen their materials. "Just by changing how fast you add one component to the other, you can improve the mechanical properties," says Jeremiah A. Johnson, the Firmenich Career Development Associate Professor of Chemistry at MIT and the senior author of the paper. MIT graduate student Yuwei Gu is the first author of the paper, which appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences the week of April 24. Other authors are MIT associate professor of chemical engineering Bradley Olsen; MIT graduate student Ken Kawamoto; former MIT postdocs Mingjiang Zhong and Mao Chen; Case Western Reserve University Assistant Professor Michael Hore; Case Western Reserve graduate student Alex Jordan; and former MIT visiting professor and Case Western Reserve Associate Professor LaShanda Korley. In 2012, Johnson's group devised the first way to measure the number of loops in a polymer network and validated those results with theoretical predictions from Olsen. The researchers found that the loops can make up about 9 percent to nearly 100 percent of the network, depending on the concentration of polymer chains in the starting material and other factors. A few years later, Johnson and Olsen developed a way to calculate how much these loops weaken a material. In their latest work, they set out to reduce loop formation, and to achieve this without changing the composition of the materials. "The goal we set for ourselves was to take the same set of precursors for a material that one would normally use, and, using the exact same precursors under the same conditions and at the same concentration, make a material with fewer loops," Johnson says. In this paper, the researchers first focused on a type of polymer structure known as a star polymer network. This material has two different building blocks: a star with four identical arms, known as "B4," and a chain known as "A2." Each molecule of A2 attaches to the end of one of the B4 arms. However, during the typical synthesis process, when everything is mixed together at once, some of the A2 chains end up binding to two of the B4 arms, forming a loop. The researchers found that if they added B4 very slowly to a solution of A2, each of the B4 arms would quickly react with a single molecule of A2, so there was less opportunity for A2 to form loops. After a few hours of slowly adding half of the B4 solution, they added the second half all at once, and the star-shaped subunits joined together to form a cross-linked network. This material, the researchers found, had about half as many loops as the same material produced using the traditional synthesis process. Depending on how many loops were in the original material, this "slow then fast" strategy can improve the material's strength by as much as 600 percent, Johnson says. The researchers also tried this technique with four other types of polymer network synthesis reactions. They were not able to measure the number of loops for all of those types of polymers, but they did find similar improvements in the strength of the materials. This approach could potentially help to improve the strength of any material made from a gel or other cross-linked polymer, including plastics, membranes for water purification, adhesives made of epoxy, or hydrogels such as contact lenses. Johnson's lab is now working on applying this strategy to a variety of materials, including gels used to grow cells for tissue engineering. The research was funded by the National Science Foundation.


— Global Flavor & Fragrance Market 2012- 2022 Report provides detailed analysis of market in 9 chapters with required tables and figures. Applications covered in this report are Beverages, Savory & Snacks, Bakery & Confectionery and Dairy & Frozen Products. This report also provides key analysis for the geographical regions like Europe, North America, China, Japan & Korea. Companies like Givaudan, Firmenich, Iff, Symrise, Takasago, Wild Flavors, Mane, Frutarom, Sensient, Robertet Sa, T. Hasegawa, Kerry, Mccormick, Synergy Flavor, Prova, Huabao, Yingyang, Zhonghua, Shanghai Apple, Wanxiang International, Boton and more are profiled in this report providing information on sale, price, sales regions, products and overview. Purchase a copy of this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/buy-now/494153 Table of Contents: 1 Market Overview 1.1 Objectives of Research 1.2 Market Segment 2 Industry Chain 2.1 Industry Chain Structure 2.2 Upstream 2.3 Market 3 Environmental Analysis 3.1 Policy 3.2 Economic 3.3 Technology 3.4 Market Entry 4 Major Vendors 5 Market/Vendors Distribution 5.1 Regional Distribution 5.2 Product and Application 6 Regions Market 6.1 Global 6.2 Europe 6.3 North America 6.4 China 6.5 Japan & Korea 6.6 Trade 7 Forecast 7.1 Market Trends 7.2 Segment Forecast 8 Marketing Overview 8.1 Ex-factory Price 8.2 Buyer Price 8.3 Price Factors 8.4 Marketing Channel 9 Conclusion Inquire more about this report at: https://www.themarketreports.com/report/ask-your-query/494153 For more information, please visit https://www.themarketreports.com/report/global-flavor-fragrance-market-research-2011-2022


The global flavor and fragrance market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 4.2% from 2017 to 2022. The major drivers of growth for this market are increasing disposable income among middle class, changing consumer preferences, and growing awareness among customers to buy products that contain natural ingredients. Trends, opportunities and forecast in this market to 2022 by product (flavor and fragrance), application (dairy, savory/snacks, confectionery/bakery, beverage, fine fragrance, cosmetic and toiletry, soaps and detergents, household and air care, and others), raw material (aroma chemical and essential oils), and region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Rest of the World) The future of the global flavor and fragrance market looks good with opportunities in flavor and fragrance products, such as dairy, savory/snacks, fine fragrance, cosmetic and toiletries, and household and air care. Emerging trends, which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the flavor and fragrance industry, include increased use of biotic ingredients and business expansion by major players in emerging markets.  Flavor and fragrance companies profiled in this market include Givaudan, Firmenich, IFF, Symrise AG, and Takasago are among the major suppliers of the flavor and fragrance market. Within the global flavor market, the beverage application is likely to remain the largest segment during the forecast period, while soap & detergents is likely to be the largest segment for the fragrance market. Asia Pacific is expected to become the largest market and is also expected to witness above average growth over the forecast period due to strengthening economies, growing urbanization, changing lifestyle, and a rise in per capita income. Key Topics Covered: 1. Executive Summary 2. Market Background and Classifications 3. Market Trends and Forecast Analysis from 2011 to 2022 4. Market Trends and Forecast Analysis by Region 5. Competitor Analysis 6. Cost Structure and Profitability Analysis 7. Growth Opportunities and Strategic Analysis 8. Company Profiles of Leading Players For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/63lpfl/growth To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-flavor-and-fragrance-market--growth-opportunities-2017-2022-dairy-savorysnacks-fine-fragrance-cosmetic-and-toiletries-and-household-and-air-care---research-and-markets-300452454.html


News Article | April 24, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.co.uk

In its report titled, "Global Market Study on Lavender Oil: Increasing Consumer Demand for Personal Care and Therapeutic Products Expected to Propel Market Growth During 2016-2024" Persistence Market Insights (PMR) reveals that more than US$ 76 Mn worth lavender oil was consumed worldwide in 2016. The lavender Oil market, particularly in Europe will remain highly lucrative in 2017 and beyond owing to the increasing consumer preference for natural plant derived lavender oil products in the region. Meanwhile, personal care products account for a bulk of the overall demand for lavender globally. Medicinal Properties of Lavender Oil Boosting its Popularity amongst Consumers Consumers both in developed and developing countries are spending more on organic essential oil products including lavender oil owing to their health benefits. Lavender oil is considered to have unique properties that are beneficial for the skin, hence, used in various skincare products. Over the years, application of lavender extract, oil and essence in food and beverage products has also increased to a substantial level. Lavender oil application in food and beverage products is expected to create an absolute $ opportunity of US$ 7.65 Mn between 2016 and 2024. Despite the increasing popularity of substituent products such as the lavendin, players operating in the market remain focused on introducing newer lavender oil products. Moreover, development of advanced product formulations methods, especially for personal care products is anticipated to stimulate the market growth. A sample of this report is available upon request @ http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/samples/15187 In addition to Europe, North America and APAC will remain as the other two leading markets for lavender oil.  Owing to the presence of prominent manufacturers and suppliers of lavender oil in North America, the region's market is expected to witness a steady growth during the assessment period. The market in APAC is expected to be driven by the growing demand for lavender oil products in emerging countries such as China and India. Some of the key players in the global lavender oil market include doTERRA International, LLC, Young living essential oils LC, Takasago International corporation, International Flavours & Fragrances Inc., Aromaland Inc., Symrise AG, Givaudan SA, Firmenich S A, Rocky Mountain Soap Co., and China Flavors and Fragrances Company Limited. To strengthen their market position, many of these companies are going into strategic alliances and also concentrating on further technological advancements to improve product line. Lavender Oil Market Report 2016-2024 is available for $4900 (Single User License) Persistence Market Research (PMR) is a third-platform research firm. Our research model is a unique collaboration of data analytics and market research methodology to help businesses achieve optimal performance. To support companies in overcoming complex business challenges, we follow a multi-disciplinary approach. At PMR, we unite various data streams from multi-dimensional sources. By deploying real-time data collection, big data, and customer experience analytics, we deliver business intelligence for organizations of all sizes.


News Article | May 6, 2017
Site: www.PR.com

New York, NY, May 06, 2017 --( Consumers both in developed and developing countries are spending more on organic essential oil products including lavender oil owing to their health benefits. Lavender oil is considered to have unique properties that are beneficial for the skin, hence, used in various skincare products. Over the years, application of lavender extract, oil and essence in food and beverage products has also increased to a substantial level. Lavender oil application in food and beverage products is expected to create an absolute $ opportunity of US$ 7.65 Mn between 2016 and 2024. Despite the increasing popularity of substituent products such as the lavendin, players operating in the market remain focused on introducing newer lavender oil products. Moreover, development of advanced product formulations methods, especially for personal care products is anticipated to stimulate the market growth. Additional Highlights from the Report Include: According to PMR’s report, global lavender oil market is expected to reach US$ 124.2 Mn, reflecting a CAGR of 6.2% between 2016 and 2024. Owing to increasing inclination of consumers towards single oils of high quality and high purity, demand for absolutes and concentrates of lavender oil is likely to surge during the forecast period. In 2016, lavender concentrates accounted for a staggering 49.0% revenue share of the market. Lavender oil will continue to find robust application is personal care products during the forecast period. By the end of 2024, personal care products will contribute nearly US$ 45.1 Mn to the global lavender market. In addition to Europe, North America and APAC will remain as the other two leading markets for lavender oil. Owing to the presence of prominent manufacturers and suppliers of lavender oil in North America, the region’s market is expected to witness a steady growth during the assessment period. The market in APAC is expected to be driven by the growing demand for lavender oil products in emerging countries such as China and India. Some of the key players in the global lavender oil market include doTERRA International, LLC, Young living essential oils LC, Takasago International corporation, International Flavours & Fragrances Inc., Aromaland Inc., Symrise AG, Givaudan SA, Firmenich S A, Rocky Mountain Soap Co., and China Flavors and Fragrances Company Limited. To strengthen their market position, many of these companies are going into strategic alliances and also concentrating on further technological advancements to improve product line. Browse Complete Report @ http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/market-research/lavender-oil-market.asp New York, NY, May 06, 2017 --( PR.com )-- Persistence Market Insights (PMR) reveals that more than US$ 76 Mn worth lavender oil was consumed worldwide in 2016. The lavender market, particularly in Europe will remain highly lucrative in 2017 and beyond owing to the increasing consumer preference for natural plant derived lavender oil products in the region. Meanwhile, personal care products account for a bulk of the overall demand for lavender globally.Consumers both in developed and developing countries are spending more on organic essential oil products including lavender oil owing to their health benefits. Lavender oil is considered to have unique properties that are beneficial for the skin, hence, used in various skincare products. Over the years, application of lavender extract, oil and essence in food and beverage products has also increased to a substantial level. Lavender oil application in food and beverage products is expected to create an absolute $ opportunity of US$ 7.65 Mn between 2016 and 2024.Despite the increasing popularity of substituent products such as the lavendin, players operating in the market remain focused on introducing newer lavender oil products. Moreover, development of advanced product formulations methods, especially for personal care products is anticipated to stimulate the market growth.Additional Highlights from the Report Include:According to PMR’s report, global lavender oil market is expected to reach US$ 124.2 Mn, reflecting a CAGR of 6.2% between 2016 and 2024.Owing to increasing inclination of consumers towards single oils of high quality and high purity, demand for absolutes and concentrates of lavender oil is likely to surge during the forecast period. In 2016, lavender concentrates accounted for a staggering 49.0% revenue share of the market.Lavender oil will continue to find robust application is personal care products during the forecast period. By the end of 2024, personal care products will contribute nearly US$ 45.1 Mn to the global lavender market.In addition to Europe, North America and APAC will remain as the other two leading markets for lavender oil. Owing to the presence of prominent manufacturers and suppliers of lavender oil in North America, the region’s market is expected to witness a steady growth during the assessment period. The market in APAC is expected to be driven by the growing demand for lavender oil products in emerging countries such as China and India.Some of the key players in the global lavender oil market include doTERRA International, LLC, Young living essential oils LC, Takasago International corporation, International Flavours & Fragrances Inc., Aromaland Inc., Symrise AG, Givaudan SA, Firmenich S A, Rocky Mountain Soap Co., and China Flavors and Fragrances Company Limited. To strengthen their market position, many of these companies are going into strategic alliances and also concentrating on further technological advancements to improve product line.Browse Complete Report @ http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/market-research/lavender-oil-market.asp Click here to view the list of recent Press Releases from Persistence Market Research


DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "2017 North American Flavor and Fragrance Market: Future Horizons and Growth Strategies--Business Assessments of Leading Suppliers" report to their offering. This report provides and insightful assessment of the performance, capabilities, goals and strategies of the major competitors in the North America flavor and fragrance market. The report is designed to provide the flavor and fragrance industry executives with strategically significant competitor information, analysis, and insight critical to the development and implementation of effective marketing and R&D programs. The companies analyzed in this report include Firmenich, Frutarom, Givaudan, IFF, Robertet, Sensient, Symrise, T. Hasegawa, and Takasago. - To establish a comprehensive, factual, annually-updated and cost-effective information base on performance, capabilities, goals and strategies of the leading North America flavor and fragrance companies. - To help current suppliers realistically assess their financial, marketing and technological capabilities vis-a-vis leading competitors. - To assist potential market entrants in evaluating prospective acquisitions and joint venture candidates. - To complement organizations ; internal competitor information gathering efforts by providing strategic analysis, data interpretation and insight. - To identify the least competitive market niches with significant growth potential. For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/v3h9kz/2017_north


News Article | April 24, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

In its report titled, "Global Market Study on Lavender Oil: Increasing Consumer Demand for Personal Care and Therapeutic Products Expected to Propel Market Growth During 2016-2024" Persistence Market Insights (PMR) reveals that more than US$ 76 Mn worth lavender oil was consumed worldwide in 2016. The lavender Oil market, particularly in Europe will remain highly lucrative in 2017 and beyond owing to the increasing consumer preference for natural plant derived lavender oil products in the region. Meanwhile, personal care products account for a bulk of the overall demand for lavender globally. Medicinal Properties of Lavender Oil Boosting its Popularity amongst Consumers Consumers both in developed and developing countries are spending more on organic essential oil products including lavender oil owing to their health benefits. Lavender oil is considered to have unique properties that are beneficial for the skin, hence, used in various skincare products. Over the years, application of lavender extract, oil and essence in food and beverage products has also increased to a substantial level. Lavender oil application in food and beverage products is expected to create an absolute $ opportunity of US$ 7.65 Mn between 2016 and 2024. Despite the increasing popularity of substituent products such as the lavendin, players operating in the market remain focused on introducing newer lavender oil products. Moreover, development of advanced product formulations methods, especially for personal care products is anticipated to stimulate the market growth. A sample of this report is available upon request @ http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/samples/15187 In addition to Europe, North America and APAC will remain as the other two leading markets for lavender oil.  Owing to the presence of prominent manufacturers and suppliers of lavender oil in North America, the region's market is expected to witness a steady growth during the assessment period. The market in APAC is expected to be driven by the growing demand for lavender oil products in emerging countries such as China and India. Some of the key players in the global lavender oil market include doTERRA International, LLC, Young living essential oils LC, Takasago International corporation, International Flavours & Fragrances Inc., Aromaland Inc., Symrise AG, Givaudan SA, Firmenich S A, Rocky Mountain Soap Co., and China Flavors and Fragrances Company Limited. To strengthen their market position, many of these companies are going into strategic alliances and also concentrating on further technological advancements to improve product line. Lavender Oil Market Report 2016-2024 is available for $4900 (Single User License) Persistence Market Research (PMR) is a third-platform research firm. Our research model is a unique collaboration of data analytics and market research methodology to help businesses achieve optimal performance. To support companies in overcoming complex business challenges, we follow a multi-disciplinary approach. At PMR, we unite various data streams from multi-dimensional sources. By deploying real-time data collection, big data, and customer experience analytics, we deliver business intelligence for organizations of all sizes.


DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Growth Opportunities in the Global Flavor and Fragrance Market" report to their offering. The global flavor and fragrance market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 4.2% from 2017 to 2022. The major drivers of growth for this market are increasing disposable income among middle class, changing consumer preferences, and growing awareness among customers to buy products that contain natural ingredients. Trends, opportunities and forecast in this market to 2022 by product (flavor and fragrance), application (dairy, savory/snacks, confectionery/bakery, beverage, fine fragrance, cosmetic and toiletry, soaps and detergents, household and air care, and others), raw material (aroma chemical and essential oils), and region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Rest of the World) The future of the global flavor and fragrance market looks good with opportunities in flavor and fragrance products, such as dairy, savory/snacks, fine fragrance, cosmetic and toiletries, and household and air care. Emerging trends, which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the flavor and fragrance industry, include increased use of biotic ingredients and business expansion by major players in emerging markets. Flavor and fragrance companies profiled in this market include Givaudan, Firmenich, IFF, Symrise AG, and Takasago are among the major suppliers of the flavor and fragrance market. Within the global flavor market, the beverage application is likely to remain the largest segment during the forecast period, while soap & detergents is likely to be the largest segment for the fragrance market. Asia Pacific is expected to become the largest market and is also expected to witness above average growth over the forecast period due to strengthening economies, growing urbanization, changing lifestyle, and a rise in per capita income. 3. Market Trends and Forecast Analysis from 2011 to 2022 For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/pbx379/growth


Sillick M.,Firmenich Inc. | Gregson C.M.,Firmenich Inc.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2010

Critical water activity (aw*) is employed in this study as a practical metric of the hygroscopic stability of multi-component carbohydrate glasses. Glass transition temperature (Tg) and water activity (aw) data are modeled to determine the aw at which sufficient moisture is present to yield a Tg value of 25 °C (i.e., the aw*). The results confirm the well-known effect of decreasing sensitivity to moisture with increasing molecular weight. The results also demonstrate the additional influence of molecular type. The hygroscopic stability of binary maltodextrin/disaccharide systems increased in the same order as the glass transition temperature of the disaccharide: sucrose < maltose < trehalose. General equations are proposed for predicting the aw* of mixtures, which could be used towards the formulation of stable glassy products. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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