PubMed | The Fiona Wood Foundation, University of Western Australia, University of Manchester and Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016
Age is well-known to be a significant factor in both disease pathology and response to treatment, yet the molecular changes that occur with age in humans remain ill-defined. Here, using transcriptome profiling of healthy human male skin, we demonstrate that there is a period of significantly elevated, transcriptome-wide expression changes occurring predominantly in middle age. Both pre and post this period, the transcriptome appears to undergo much smaller, linear changes with increasing age. Functional analysis of the transient changes in middle age suggest a period of heightened metabolic activity and cellular damage associated with NF-kappa-B and TNF signaling pathways. Through meta-analysis we also show the presence of global, tissue independent linear transcriptome changes with age which appear to be regulated by NF-kappa-B. These results suggest that aging in human skin is associated with a critical mid-life period with widespread transcriptome changes, both preceded and proceeded by a relatively steady rate of linear change in the transcriptome. The data provides insight into molecular changes associated with normal aging and will help to better understand the increasingly important pathological changes associated with aging.
Wijeratne D.T.,University of Western Australia |
Rodger J.,University of Western Australia |
Wood F.M.,University of Western Australia |
Wood F.M.,The Fiona Wood Foundation |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2016
Eph receptors and Ephrin ligands are widely expressed in the skin. Various studies have been carried out to identify the effects of these molecules on many aspects of skin development. Here we summarize the literature that has identified roles for Eph receptors and Ephrins in the skin, focusing mainly on the epidermis, hair follicles, and cutaneous innervation. This review may help direct and focus further investigations into the role of Eph receptors and Ephrins in the development, maintenance, and repair processes in cutaneous biology. © 2016 International Society of Dermatology.