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Skallelv is a small village situated at the Varanger peninsula in easternmost Finnmark, NE Norway. The local population is of Finnish ethnic origin, and most are still fluent in Finnish. An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in 2006. About forty species, species groups or other ethnotaxonomical units, of vascular plants, bryophytes, algae, lichens and fungi had local vernacular names. Many were Finnish, but for some plants, people used Norwegian vernacular names, either instead of Finnish names, or as a supplement or parallell to these. The Norwegian names used were mostly widespread North Norwegian vernacular terms. Source

Silfverberg H.,Finnish Museum of Natural History
Entomologica Fennica | Year: 2010

The name Ancistronycha violacea (Paykull) is a junior homonym. The name previously used to replace it, Ancistronycha cyanipennis (Faldermann), has been found to refer to another species. The valid name for the species is Ancistronycha tigurina (Dietrich, 1857). Source

Attila Molnar V.,Debrecen University | Kreutz K.C.A.J.,Wageningen University | Ovari M.,Balaton upland National Park Directorate | Sennikov A.N.,Finnish Museum of Natural History | And 5 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

A new name, Himantoglossum jankae, is given to the widely recognised lizard orchid species that is distributed primarily in the Balkan Peninsula and the northwestern region of Asia Minor and has been erroneously named H. caprinum in most previous literature. The new species differs from its closest relatives in having the combination of relatively large, reddish-purple coloured flowers and labella that bear red papillate spots and comparatively long spurs. We present a morphological description of H. jankae, together with illustrations, distribution information and diagnostic comparisons with H. calcaratum, H. adriaticum and H. caprinum. © 2012 Magnolia Press. Source

To provide a fast output, potentially benefiting the arachnid's survival, scientists from the IUCN - Spider and Scorpion Specialist Group and the Azorean Biodiversity Group (cE3c) at University of Azores, where the main objective is to perform research that addresses societal challenges in ecology, evolution and the environment, also known as the three E's from the centre's name abbreviation, teamed up with colleagues from University of Barcelona, Spain, and the Finnish Museum of Natural History. Together, they make use of a specialised novel publication type feature, called Species Conservation Profile, created by the open access journal Biodiversity Data Journal, to provide scholarly credit and citation for the IUCN Red List species page, as well as pinpoint the population trends and the reasons behind them. The studied spider species (scientifically called Turinyphia cavernicola) is a pale creature with long legs, large eyes and a total size of merely 2 mm in length. These spiders never leave their underground habitats, which are strictly humid lava tubes and volcanic pits. There they build sheet webs in small holes and crevices on the walls of the caves. Not only is the species restricted to a single island within the Azorean archipelago (Portugal), but it is only found in three caves. Furthermore, out of the three, only one of them is home to a sustainable large population. These caves are under severe threat due to pasture intensification, road construction and tourist activities. Although there is not much information about the species distribution through the years, with the spider having been discovered as recently as in 2008, the authors make the assumption that originally there have been significantly greater populations. Not only have they studied thoroughly another fifteen caves located on the island without finding any individuals, but they have identified increasing anthropogenic impact on the habitat. "The species original distribution was potentially very large compared with the current," the scientists explain. "Relatively intensive searches in and around the current caves where the species occurs have failed to find additional subpopulations." "The trend of decline is based on the assumption that this species can occur in all these caves and that the absence is due to anthropogenic disturbance on caves during the last 50 years," they note. More information: Paulo Borges et al, Species conservation profile of the cave spider Turinyphia cavernicola (Araneae, Linyphiidae) from Terceira Island, Azores, Portugal, Biodiversity Data Journal (2016). DOI: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e10274

Brommer J.E.,University of Turku | Brommer J.E.,Novia University of Applied Sciences | Hanski I.K.,Finnish Museum of Natural History | Kekkonen J.,University of Helsinki | Vaisanen R.A.,Finnish Museum of Natural History
Journal of Evolutionary Biology | Year: 2014

Bergmann's rule predicts that individuals are larger in more poleward populations and that this size gradient has an adaptive basis. Hence, phenotypic divergence in size traits between populations (PST) is expected to exceed the level of divergence by drift alone (FST). We measured 16 skeletal traits, body mass and wing length in 409 male and 296 female house sparrows Passer domesticus sampled in 12 populations throughout Finland, where the species has its northernmost European distributional margin. Morphometric differentiation across populations (PST) was compared with differentiation in 13 microsatellites (FST). We find that twelve traits phenotypically diverged more than FST in both sexes, and an additional two traits diverged in males. The phenotypic divergence exceeded FST in several traits to such a degree that findings were robust also to strong between-population environmental effects. Divergence was particularly strong in dimensions of the bill, making it a strong candidate for the study of adaptive molecular genetic divergence. Divergent traits increased in size in more northern populations. We conclude that house sparrows show evidence of an adaptive latitudinal size gradient consistent with Bergmann's rule on the modest spatial scale of ca. 600 km. © 2014 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Source

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