Finisar | Date: 2016-08-11
A method of modulating a laser device having an integrated modulator can include: emitting laser light from a primary laser cavity having quantum wells; passing the laser light through a modulator cavity having at least one modulator quantum well that is coupled with the primary laser cavity and integrated with the laser device; and biasing the modulator cavity so as to deconfine electron and/or hole wavefunctions in the at least one modulator quantum well of the modulator cavity such that the refractive index and absorption of the modulator cavity changes to modulate the laser light passing through the modulator. The method can include at least partially containing the deconfined electron and/or hole wavefunctions in a secondary modulator well region adjacent to a primary modulator well region, the primary modulator well region containing the at least one modulator quantum well.
Finisar | Date: 2016-08-01
An example embodiment includes optical receiver that includes a polarization beam splitter (PBS), a polarization controller, and a forward error correction (FEC). The PBS is configured to split a received optical signal having an unknown polarization state into two orthogonal polarizations (x-polarization and y-polarization). The polarization controller includes no more than two couplers and no more than two phase shifters per wavelength channel of the x-polarization and the y-polarization. The polarization controller is configured to demultiplex the x-polarization and the y-polarization into a first demultiplexed signal having an first polarization on which a data signal is modulated and a second demultiplexed signal having a second, orthogonal polarization on which a pilot carrier oscillator signal is encoded. The FEC decoder module is configured to correct a burst of errors resulting from resetting one of the phase shifters based on error correction code (ECC) data encoded in the data signal.
Finisar | Date: 2016-08-01
A circuit may include first and second input nodes, first and second output nodes, first and second intermediate nodes, first and second resistances, a first amplification transistor coupled to the first input node, the first resistance, and the first intermediate node and a second amplification transistor coupled to the second input node, the second resistance, and the second intermediate node. The circuit may also include a first active device coupled to the first output node and the first intermediate node, a second active device coupled to the second output node and the second intermediate node, a first output transistor coupled to the first output node and configured to conduct based on a second intermediate signal on the second intermediate node, and a second output transistor coupled to the second output node and configured to conduct based on a first intermediate signal on the first intermediate node.
Finisar | Date: 2016-07-12
In an example, a coupled system includes a first waveguide, at least one second waveguide, and an interposer. The first waveguide has a silicon (Si) core having first refractive index n1 and a tapered end. The at least one second waveguide each has a silicon nitride (SiN) core having a second refractive index n2. The interposer includes a third waveguide having a third refractive index n3 and a coupler portion, where n1>n2>n3. The tapered end of the first waveguide is adiabatically coupled to a coupler portion of one of the at least one second waveguide. A tapered end of one of the at least one second waveguide is adiabatically coupled to the coupler portion of the third waveguide of the interposer. The third waveguide of the interposer has an optical mode size that is similar to the mode size of a standard single mode optical fiber.
Finisar | Date: 2016-08-10
An out-of-band (OOB) signal detector is disclosed. The OOB signal detector may include a first node configured to receive an alternating current (AC) portion and a direct current (DC) portion of an electrical signal. The AC portion may include modulated OOB data carried by the electrical signal. The OOB signal detector may also include a current to voltage processing circuit configured to extract the AC portion of the electrical signal. The OOB signal detector may additionally include a limiting amplifier circuit configured to receive the extracted AC portion and to generate an amplified signal based on the extracted AC portion. The OOB signal detector may further include an analog-to-digital convertor circuit configured to sample the amplified signal and to generate a digital sample that represents the modulated OOB data.
Finisar | Date: 2016-07-29
An optoelectronic system includes an optoelectronic module and a heat sink. The optoelectronic module includes a housing and first and second housing slide locks. The first and second housing slide locks extend outward from opposite sides of the housing. The heat sink includes a heat sink bottom, first and second heat sink legs, and first and second heat sink slide locks. The first and second heat sink legs extend downward from opposite ends of the heat sink bottom. The first and second heat sink slide locks extend inward from the first and second heat sink legs. The heat sink bottom is configured to be in thermal contact with a housing top of the housing. Each of the first and second heat sink slide locks is configured to be respectively disposed beneath the first and second housing slide locks when the heat sink is removably secured to the housing.
IEEE Communications Magazine | Year: 2012
Major client optics applications are the highdensity data center, structured data center, carrier central office, general data center, and metro inter data center, corresponding to link reaches from 100 m to 40 km. First-generation 100G multimode fiber and single-mode fiber client optics are based on 10 × 10G electrical lane and 10 × 10G or 4 × 25G optical lane architectures. Next-generation 100G MMF and SMF client optics will be based on 4 × 25G electrical lane and 4 × 25G optical lane architecture. Beyond 100G, it is likely the next standard will be 400G based on extensions of 100G technologies. Beyond 400G, 1.6T is a possible standard, requiring highly novel technologies. © 2012 IEEE.
Finisar | Date: 2016-06-27
A circuit may include an input terminal configured to receive an input signal with a first voltage swing and an output terminal. The circuit may also include a first transistor, a second transistor, a third transistor, and a control circuit. The control circuit may be coupled to the input terminal, a gate terminal of the first transistor, and a gate terminal of the second transistor. The control circuit may be configured to adjust voltages provided to the gate terminals based on the input signal such that the first transistor conducts in response to the input signal being at a first logical level and the second transistor conducts in response to the input signal being at a second logical level to generate an output signal output on the output terminal. The second voltage swing of the output signal may be different from the first voltage swing of the input signal.
Finisar | Date: 2016-07-25
A system may include a substrate and a lens component. The substrate may include pads and solder protuberances. Each solder protuberance may be located on a pad. The lens component may define grooves sized to receive at least a portion of the solder protuberances. The lens component may be positioned relative to the substrate such that at least a portion of each solder protuberance is positioned within the grooves.
Finisar | Date: 2016-01-08
A peripheral component interconnect-express (PCIe) link with presence of an active optical cable (AOC) that couples between an electrical PCIe (E-PCIe) transmitter and an E-PCIe receiver may include the AOC. The AOC may include an electrical-to-optical PCIe (EO-PCIe) transceiver coupled to the E-PCIe transmitter. The EO-PCIe transceiver may include a laser diode driver that includes a common mode voltage output terminal. The EO-PCIe transceiver may include a detection condition circuit that includes a decoupling capacitor. The decoupling capacitor may be referenced to a ground level and may connect to the common mode voltage output terminal of the laser diode driver. The detection condition circuit may create a receiver detection condition for a receiver detection circuit of the E-PCIe transmitter to detect presence of the AOC.