News Article | May 9, 2017
For 30 years, the Rainforest Alliance has been a global leader in the conservation of forests and natural resources while advancing sustainable livelihoods. Such success can only be accomplished through strategic partnerships with players along every link in the supply chain, from producers to large multinational companies. The Rainforest Alliance is pleased to recognize businesses and individuals committed to protecting the environment, implementing climate solutions, and supporting communities across the globe. Awards will be presented to honorees on May 10th in New York City, at the Rainforest Alliance’s 30th Anniversary Gala Celebration at the American Museum of Natural History. “To come as far as the Rainforest Alliance has in 30 years, we needed the strength of partnership,” said Nigel Sizer, President of the Rainforest Alliance. “Today, we recognize individuals and companies who are addressing some of the most significant challenges humanity has ever faced. These champions are working with us to protect forests and support farmers and communities across the world, affecting real change.” During the day on May 10, honorees and co-chairs will join CEOs, business and thought leaders, and Rainforest Alliance experts at the annual Leadership Summit to discuss strategies for implementing global sustainability and climate goals. Following the summit, participants will gather in the evening for an awards dinner, entertainment, and a silent auction. The gala is co-chaired by long-term Rainforest Alliance friends and supporters Maggie Lear, Tessie Nedelman, Laura Ross, and Cathy Taub, and sponsored by Domtar. Gala proceeds benefit the Rainforest Alliance’s international work in sustainable agriculture, forestry, tourism, human rights, and climate change. The Rainforest Alliance recognizes Felisa Navas Pérez, a three-term president of Asociación Forestal Integral Cruce a La Colorada (AFICC), a forestry concession in the Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR) in the Petén region of Guatemala. Navas assumed her leadership role shortly after the concession’s board president was murdered, presumably by drug traffickers who want to control local lands so they may clear forest for livestock operations (which in turn serve to launder money). While nearby concessions have collapsed, AFICC has remained solvent and certified under Navas’s leadership. Corporate Sustainability Champions award recognizes companies who have demonstrated an exceptional commitment to sustainability, improving livelihoods, and conserving forests all around the world. Allegro Coffee Company AMResorts Barry Callebaut AG Beef Passion Bettys & Taylors of Harrogate Blommer Chocolate Company Caribou Coffee C.F. Martin & Co., Inc. Chiquita Clearwater Paper Company Clif Bar CMPC Columbia Forest Products Domtar ECOM / Atlantic (USA) Fibria Kenya Tea Development Agency Lavazza Mars, Incorporated Nestlé Nespresso SA Olam International Ltd. Suzano Pulp and Paper Tesco Unilever People and Planet Champions award recognizes the visionary individuals, foundations, partner organizations, and government entities who have helped the Rainforest Alliance advance its mission to build strong forests and healthy communities. Kim Bendheim John Caulkins Citi Foundation Daniel Cohen (In Memoriam) The Colombian Coffee Growers Federation Comisión Nacional Forestal de México Henry Davison The Ford Foundation Forest Stewardship Council Dr. Karl Fossum (In Memoriam) Global Environment Facility Inter-American Development Bank Elysabeth Kleinhans Dr. Thomas E. Lovejoy Millennium Challenge Corporation The Milton and Tamar Maltz Family Foundation Mitsubishi Corporation Foundation for the Americas Jeffrey & Tessie Nedelman Ellen Petersen Robert W. Wilson Charitable Trust Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Secretaría de Turismo de México Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Alan Wilzig Ann Ziff The Sustainable Development Champions award recognizes the extraordinary achievements of a group of individuals and institutions working alongside local and indigenous communities in Guatemala’s Petén region to promote the economic, environmental, and social health of the Maya Biosphere Reserve and its communities. Asociación de Comunidades Forestales de Petén Continental Floral Greens Defensores de la Naturaleza General Wood Craft Guatemala Ministry of Environment Guatemalan Association of Exporters (AGEXPORT) National Council of Protected Areas North American Wood Products United States Agency for International Development (USAID) University of Minnesota Maggie Lear, Tessie Nedelman, Laura Ross, and Cathy Taub are enormous fans of the Rainforest Alliance and proud Co-Chairs of tonight’s Gala. While traveling to Peru, Ecuador, and Mexico with Rainforest Alliance Executive Vice President Ana Paula Tavares, they witnessed the important work of the Rainforest Alliance firsthand. These visits provided them with opportunities to meet the knowledgeable farmers, foresters, eco-tourism professionals and Rainforest Alliance’s field experts, who are helping to conserve our planet for their children and future generations.
News Article | May 4, 2017
YOUNGSVILLE, N.C.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Xerium Technologies, Inc. (NYSE: XRM), a leading global provider of industrial consumable products and services, today announced that the Company was recently awarded orders for machine clothing and rolls technology for Fibria’s new pulp machine at the Tres Lagoas mill in Brazil. The new machine is scheduled to go online in Q3/2017, adding 1.95 million tons of market pulp to Fibria’s annual production. “We are delighted to be one of the suppliers for Fibria’s new pulp machine at Horizon 2 Project, in Tres Lagoas (Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil),” said Eduardo Fracasso, President of Xerium Latin America. “We are very excited to participate in the commissioning of this new technology machine which will utilize some of Xerium’s most innovative press felts, conveyors belts and roll covers.” The growing market pulp segment is a strategic target for Xerium, whereas the Company has developed specific machine clothing and rolls products designed specifically to support the demanding water handling requirements of these newer machine configurations, and deliver higher production output with lower energy consumption. For this new machine, Xerium will be supplying ProSeam XT seam felts and DryTrans ND conveyor belts. Additionally, the Company will be supplying AquaWell IIS, VersaTec, and Everguard roll cover technology. “We look forward to partnering closely with the Fibria team to help ensure an optimum start-up with maximum pulp product quality, and the highest overall machine efficiency on the Horizon 2 Project, “ adds Fracasso. The world leader in eucalyptus pulp production, Fibria strives to meet the growing global demand for forestry products in a sustainable manner. With annual production capacity of 5.3 million tons of pulp, it has industrial units in Aracruz (Espírito Santo), Jacareí (São Paulo) and Três Lagoas (Mato Grosso do Sul), as well as in Eunápolis (Bahia), where it operates Veracel in a joint operation with Stora Enso. Fibria has 969,000 hectares of forests, with 568,000 hectares of planted forests, 338,000 hectares of environmental preservation and conservation areas and 63,000 hectares destined for other uses. The pulp produced by Fibria is exported to more than 40 countries. In May 2015, Fibria announced the expansion of its Três Lagoas Unit, which will receive a new line with annual pulp production capacity of 1.95 million tons and is slated for startup in the fourth quarter of 2017. Learn more at www.fibria.com.br Xerium Technologies, Inc. (XRM) is a leading global provider of industrial consumable products and services. Xerium, which operates around the world under a variety of brand names, utilizes a broad portfolio of patented and proprietary technologies to provide customers with tailored solutions and products integral to production, all designed to optimize performance and reduce operational costs. With 28 manufacturing facilities in 13 countries around the world, Xerium has approximately 2,950 employees.
Rocha J.H.T.,University of Sao Paulo |
Goncalves J.L.D.M.,University of Sao Paulo |
Gava J.L.,Suzano Pulp and Paper S.A. |
Godinho T.D.O.,Instituto Capixaba Of Pesquisa |
And 5 more authors.
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2016
Forest residue (i.e., litter layer, slash and bark), when used as biomass for energy production, represents an important strategy for use as a renewable energy source in many countries. However, these residues can also have importance as sources of nutrients for trees and soil conservation. The objectives of the present study were to assess the effects of forest residue management on soil, wood production and nutrient accumulation dynamics during two crop rotations in a Eucalyptus grandis plantation. Thus, we set up an experimental site with different intensities of removal, burning and incorporation of forest residues (first crop rotation of study – R1). The stands of all treatments were harvested after eight years, and the trial was re-established with all forest residues maintained on the soil across all treatments (second crop rotation of study – R2). R2 was conducted for eight more years. The growth and nutritional status, biomass and nutrient accumulation of the trees were assessed. The forest residue burn increased the initial nutrient availability in the soil; however, this availability returned to initial levels in a short period of time. Wood productivity decreased by approximately 40% with the removal of all forest residues in R1. In R2, wood productivity after the removal or burning of forest residues was 6% lower than when all forest residues were maintained on the soil. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Mendes J.E.P.,Fibria |
Euphytica | Year: 2014
Forest plantations with Eucalyptus spp. (L’ Hér) in Brazil are highly yielding. However, this activity is more and more threatened due to interactions with phytophagous insects, especially by exotic species, such as the red gum lerp psyllid Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). This study aimed to evaluate the resistance in eucalyptus against the psyllid in oviposition and biological development assays, attempting to identify potential genotypes resistant to the pest for forest plantations. In addition, we tested the hypothesis of that concentration of total phenolics and lignin, and amount of epicuticular wax were associated with the expression of resistance. Results showed that there was variation in the levels of resistance among the genotypes assessed. Oviposition non-preference was observed on Eucalyptus citriodora (Hook) in free-choice and no-choice tests, and Clone FP10 was least preferred in the no-choice test. The genotypes E. citriodora and Clone FP6 provided 100 % nymphal mortality, and Clones FP7 and FP9 also affected negatively the G. brimblecombei development by lengthening the duration of the nymphal stage and reducing adult emergence. Clone FP6 had higher concentration of total phenolics and larger contact angle formed between the water droplet and leaf surface, which may be associated with thicker layer of epicuticular wax on the leaves, and one of the causes of high nymphal mortality. Thus, the use of the resistant genotypes of eucalyptus screened against G. brimblecombei is a promising and viable alternative for forest plantations infested with this pest. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Hakamada R.,University of Sao Paulo |
Giunti Neto C.,Fibria |
de Lemos C.C.,International Paper do Brazil |
Silva S.R.,Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation Embrapa |
And 3 more authors.
Southern Forests | Year: 2016
Leaf area index (LAI) is a key ecophysiological parameter in forest stands because it characterises the interface between atmospheric processes and plant physiology. Several indirect methods for estimating LAI have been developed. However, these methods have limitations that can affect the estimates. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and applicability of a visual method for estimating LAI in clonal Eucalyptus grandis × E. urophylla plantations and to compare it with hemispherical photography, ceptometer and LAI-2000® estimates. Destructive sampling for direct determination of the actual LAI was performed in 22 plots at two geographical locations in Brazil. Actual LAI values were then used to develop a field guide with photographic images representing an LAI range of 1.0–5.0 m2 m−2 (leaf area/ground area). The visual LAI estimation guide was evaluated with 17 observers in the field. The average difference between actual LAI and visual LAI estimation was 12% and the absolute difference between the two methods was less than or equal to 0.5 m2 m−2 in 77% of plots. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were high between actual LAI and hemispherical photographs (0.8), visual estimation (0.93) and LAI-2000® (0.99) and low for the ceptometer (0.18). However, absolute values differed among methods, with the average difference between the actual and estimated LAI of % for visual estimation, 28% for the LAI-2000®, 37% for the ceptometer and −43% for hemispherical photographs. The LAI-2000® and ceptometer overestimated LAI in all plots, whereas hemispherical photographs underestimated the values in all measurements, showing that these methods need calibration to be used. No differences were observed between actual LAI and visual estimates across stand ages of 2–8 years and LAI of 1.5–5.3 m2 m−2 (P > 0.05). The results show that visual estimation of LAI in Eucalyptus stands is a practical method that is unaffected by atmospheric characteristics and can be used on an operational scale. © 2016 NISC (Pty) Ltd
News Article | November 3, 2016
This report studies sales (consumption) of Semi-chemical Pulp in Global market, especially in USA, China, Europe, Japan, India and Southeast Asia, focuses on top players in these regions/countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these regions, covering Fibria Arauco UPM Suzano APP Altri Canfor Catalyst Paper Mercer International Oji Holdings Resolute Forest Products Shandong Sun Paper Industry The Navigator Company Verso Weyerhaeuser Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Semi-chemical Pulp in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like USA China Europe Japan India Southeast Asia Split by product Types, with sales, revenue, price and gross margin, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Type I Type II Type III Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Semi-chemical Pulp in each application, can be divided into Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales Market Report 2016 1 Semi-chemical Pulp Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Semi-chemical Pulp 1.2 Classification of Semi-chemical Pulp 1.2.1 Type I 1.2.2 Type II 1.2.3 Type III 1.3 Application of Semi-chemical Pulp 1.3.1 Application 1 1.3.2 Application 2 1.3.3 Application 3 1.4 Semi-chemical Pulp Market by Regions 1.4.1 USA Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.5 India Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.6 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Global Market Size (Value and Volume) of Semi-chemical Pulp (2011-2021) 1.5.1 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 1.5.2 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 2 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application 2.1 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Market Competition by Manufacturers 2.1.1 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2011-2016) 2.1.2 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) 2.2 Global Semi-chemical Pulp (Volume and Value) by Type 2.2.1 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) 2.2.2 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) 2.3 Global Semi-chemical Pulp (Volume and Value) by Regions 2.3.1 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016) 2.3.2 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Market Share by Regions (2011-2016) 2.4 Global Semi-chemical Pulp (Volume) by Application GET EXCLUSIVE DISCOUNT ON THIS REPORT @ Figure Picture of Semi-chemical Pulp Table Classification of Semi-chemical Pulp Figure Global Sales Market Share of Semi-chemical Pulp by Type in 2015 Figure Type I Picture Figure Type II Picture Table Applications of Semi-chemical Pulp Figure Global Sales Market Share of Semi-chemical Pulp by Application in 2015 Figure Application 1 Examples Figure Application 2 Examples Figure USA Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure China Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Europe Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Japan Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure India Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Southeast Asia Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Figure Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales of Key Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Figure 2015 Semi-chemical Pulp Sales Share by Manufacturers Figure 2016 Semi-chemical Pulp Sales Share by Manufacturers Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2011-2016) Table 2015 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue Share by Manufacturers Table 2016 Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue Share by Manufacturers Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016) Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales Share by Type (2011-2016) Figure Sales Market Share of Semi-chemical Pulp by Type (2011-2016) Figure Global Semi-chemical Pulp Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016) Table Global Semi-chemical Pulp Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-201 FOR ANY QUERY, REACH US @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/enquiry/723520-global-semi-chemical-pulp-sales-market-report-2016
Economic viability and rotation of forestry plantations of candeia (Eremanthus erythropappus), under conditions of risk [Viabilidade econômica e rotação florestal de plantios de candeia (Eremanthus erythropappus), em condições de risco]
e Silva C.S.J.,Fibria |
de Oliveira A.D.,Federal University of Lavras |
Coelho Jr. L.M.,Instituto Agronomico do Parana |
Scolforo J.R.S.,Federal University of Lavras |
de Souza A.N.,University of Brasilia
Cerne | Year: 2014
The general objective of this paper was studying the economic feasibility and determining the economic rotation of candeia planting at various spacings under risky conditions. The study was conducted from an experimental planting of candeia consisting of four spacings (1.5 x 1.5 m, 1.5 x 2.0 m, 1.5 x 2.5 m and 1.5 x 3.0 m) for which the cash flows related to the different cutting ages were obtained. For the risk analysis the Monte Carlo method was used, its having the Equivalent Annual Value (EAV) as the output variable (output) and as input variables (sources of uncertainty) the probability distributions concerning the price of the seedlings, land and wood, the harvest cost, interest rates and timber production. The simulation constituted in the doing of 50,000 iterations from where the information necessary to the analyses was extracted. It was concluded that the 1.5 x 3.0 m spacing was the most economically viable and presented a lower risk level than the other spacings. The economic rotation was 12, 13, 13 and 15 years for the spacings 1.5 x 3.0 m, 1.5 x 2.5 m, 1.5 x 2.0m and 1.5 x 1.5m, respectively. Information obtained about the economic risks involved in planting candle serve as a tool to aid in making decisions regarding new plantings of this species and also as a basis for future experiments with the same, seeking to improve its culture.
Almeida A.C.,CSIRO |
Siggins A.,CSIRO |
Batista T.R.,Fibria |
Beadle C.,CSIRO |
And 3 more authors.
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2010
In the wet tropics, near the Atlantic Coast of Brazil, drought may reduce plantation yields by as much one-third over a six-to-seven-year rotation. For land owners, annual variation in production cannot be estimated with empirical models. In this paper, we examine whether the process-based growth model, 3-PG is sufficiently sensitive to climatic variation to provide a virtual record of changes in growing stock across 180,000 ha eucalypt plantation estate. We first mapped variation in climate and soil properties, and then ran simulations for the current planted forest with ages varying from one to seven years. Model predictions of stand volume and mean tree diameter agreed closely with measurements acquired on 60 reference plots monitored over the test period; the prediction of mean annual increment (MAI) was less reliable. Available soil water (ASW) and leaf area index (LAI) were also measured and compared with the model estimations. Vapour pressure deficit (VPD) and ASW accounted for most of the variation in yields. We conclude that this spatial modelling approach offers a reasonable alternative to extensive ground surveys, particularly when climatic variation extends beyond the historical average for a region. Crown Copyright © 2009.
Sansigolo C.A.,São Paulo State University |
Cerne | Year: 2011
Eucalyptus grandis is one of the most popular species to use as raw material for pulp production in Brazil, as it provides excellent pulping, bleaching and papermaking results. The main objective of this study is to examine the quality of wood and pulp from a clone of Eucalyptus grandis, at age 4 years approximately, planted in three different soils, two of which being low fertility and one being a superior fertility soil, and their reflections on wood quality and pulping results. Chemical analyses of the soils followed guidelines developed by Raij et al. (2001), while physical and chemical properties of the wood followed ABTCP, TAPPI and ABNT standards. Chemical analyses of the soils pointed to lower fertility in Fazenda Limeira and Fazenda Tapera Queimada as opposed to higher fertility in Fazenda Mendes União. Results revealed stronger tendencies for the stand grown in the less fertile soils (Fazenda Limeira and Fazenda Tapera Queimada) in comparison to the stand grown in more fertile soil (Fazenda Mendes União) as to: higher wood and bark basic density, lower height and dry matter content, higher bark content, lower extractives content and higher holocellulose content, higher total and screened yields from pulping, lower specific wood consumption/t of pulp, and higher tear and tensile indices at low refining levels.
News Article | November 29, 2016
This report studies Pulp in Global market, especially in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, focuses on top manufacturers in global market, with capacity, production, price, revenue and market share for each manufacturer, covering APP Arauco Fibria Suzano UPM Altri APRIL Ballarpur Industries (Bilt) Market Segment by Regions, this report splits Global into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate of Pulp in these regions, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like North America Europe China Japan Southeast Asia India Split by product type, with production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Type I Type II Type III Split by application, this report focuses on consumption, market share and growth rate of Pulp in each application, can be divided into Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 Global Pulp Market Research Report 2016 1 Pulp Market Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Pulp 1.2 Pulp Segment by Type 1.2.1 Global Production Market Share of Pulp by Type in 2015 1.2.2 Type I 1.2.3 Type II 1.2.4 Type III 1.3 Pulp Segment by Application 1.3.1 Pulp Consumption Market Share by Application in 2015 1.3.2 Application 1 1.3.3 Application 2 1.3.4 Application 3 1.4 Pulp Market by Region 1.4.1 North America Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 Europe Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 China Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Japan Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.5 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.6 India Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Global Market Size (Value) of Pulp (2011-2021) 7 Global Pulp Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis 7.1 APP 7.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.1.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 188.8.131.52 Type I 184.108.40.206 Type II 7.1.3 APP Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.2 Arauco 7.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.2.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Type I 18.104.22.168 Type II 7.2.3 Arauco Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.3 Fibria 7.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.3.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 22.214.171.124 Type I 126.96.36.199 Type II 7.3.3 Fibria Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.4 Suzano 7.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.4.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 188.8.131.52 Type I 184.108.40.206 Type II 7.4.3 Suzano Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.5 UPM 7.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.5.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Type I 18.104.22.168 Type II 7.5.3 UPM Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.6 Altri 7.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.6.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 22.214.171.124 Type I 126.96.36.199 Type II 7.6.3 Altri Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.7 APRIL 7.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.7.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 188.8.131.52 Type I 184.108.40.206 Type II 7.7.3 APRIL Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview 7.8 Ballarpur Industries (Bilt) 7.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Its Competitors 7.8.2 Pulp Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Type I 18.104.22.168 Type II 7.8.3 Ballarpur Industries (Bilt) Pulp Capacity, Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2015 and 2016) 7.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview