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Redmon T.,FHWAs Office of Safety
Public Roads | Year: 2011

Researchers in Las Vegas, Miami, and San Francisco have studied the effectiveness of tailored approaches to reducing pedestrian crashes. In 2002, FHWA selected the three cities through a competitive grant program. The cities chosen were aware of their pedestrian safety issues and recognized the importance of making data-driven decisions. During phase one, a team of researchers in each city documented pedestrian fatal and nonfatal crashes by reviewing police reports to identify high-crash locations where the countermeasures could be installed. The teams also used the data to determine which countermeasures to install. During phase two, the teams implemented the countermeasures at the specific sites identified during the first phase. Phase two took place between 2004 and 2008. Field teams consisting of city staff, university researchers, and other local partners in the three cities assessed the impacts of the countermeasures through self-evaluations.

Redmon T.,FHWAs Office of Safety
Public Roads | Year: 2014

The Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Office of Safety recently released its Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety (FHWA-SA-13-037). This publication provides recommendations for maintaining pedestrian facilities, with the primary goals of increasing safety and mobility. The guide addresses the primary needs involved in taking care of pedestrian facilities, including common maintenance issues and measures, funding, and construction techniques to reduce future upkeep. The chapter on maintenance measures also helps communities determine when care is necessary and provides information on several recommended repair practices. FHWA's guide includes several examples of agencies with proactive programs that can serve as models. The best approach agencies can take to reduce the cost of maintaining pedestrian facilities is to build them with maintenance in mind. Design of sidewalks and the selection of appropriate surface type can help moderate future costs of maintenance.

Redmon T.,FHWAs Office of Safety | Gelinne D.,UNC HSRC | Walton L.,NHTSA | Miller J.,FHWAs Office of Safety
Public Roads | Year: 2012

The Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) aggressive approach to reducing the fatality rate in 13 States and 5 municipalities is showing promising results. For the past 7.5 years, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has been trying to aggressively reduce pedestrian deaths by focusing extra resources on the States and cities with the highest numbers or rates of pedestrian fatalities. In recent years, 13 States experienced pedestrian fatalities above 150 per year and above the national rate of 2.5 per 100,000 population. To address this challenge, FHWA's Focused Approach to Pedestrian Safety project began with a memorandum dated May 2004 outlining the goal of reducing pedestrian fatalities by 10 percent by the year 2011. To address this performance goal, FHWA encouraged the affected States and cities to develop and implement pedestrian safety action plans. Several success stories resulted from the Focused Approach to Pedestrian Safety.

Bartlett J.,Sprinkle Consulting Inc. | Graves B.,SAIC | Petritsch T.,Sprinkle Consulting Inc. | Redmon T.,FHWAs Office of Safety
Public Roads | Year: 2012

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and many State departments of transportation (DOT) are relying on the demonstrated effectiveness of medians and walkways to help protect those on foot. Research shows that medians and walkways can reduce pedestrian fatalities and injuries significantly. In addition, medians and walkways commonly are included in complete street designs, which aim to provide safe right-of-way access for all road users. From a driver's perspective, medians make pedestrians waiting in the center of the roadway more visible. Medians also provide space for roadway lighting, which research has shown helps to reduce nighttime pedestrian fatalities at crossings by 78 percent. FHWA recommends accessible sidewalks or pathways along both sides of streets and highways in urban areas, particularly near school zones and transit locations, and any other locations with frequent pedestrian activity.

Preston H.,CH2M HILL | Storm R.,CH2M HILL | Scurry K.,FHWAs Office of Safety
Public Roads | Year: 2013

The article discusses how applying a systemic approach can help States get the biggest bang for their buck in reducing crashes. The traditional approach to planning safety improvements on roads involves identifying locations with a higher than expected number of crashes and then making needed upgrades at those locations. Mounting evidence indicates that fatal and other life-threatening crashes often are distributed widely across State and local highway systems, in both urban and rural environments, with few individual locations experiencing a high number or sustained occurrence of severe crashes. The systemic approach involves use of analytical techniques to identify sites for potential safety improvements based on the presence of high-risk roadway features. Examples of possible roadway features that influence crash risk include the number of lanes, median width, and average annual daily traffic. This approach suggests projects for safety investment that typically might not be identified through traditional site analyses with the priority focus on locations where a high number of severe crashes has occurred.

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