de Jongste H.,FH Dortmund
Journal of Pragmatics | Year: 2016
In this paper the concepts of humorous intent and meta-motivational states are integrated in Van Dijk's mental-model theory. It is assumed that, when they communicate, people present public mental models of (aspects of) situations to others, which are not necessarily identical with their private mental models. Recipients are aware of this, and using their mind-reading skills in interaction, they do not only try to infer a speaker's public mental model, but they also try to re-construct the speaker's private mental model. Perceived discrepancies give rise to the re-construction of a speaker's a priori intent by the recipient. Humorous intent is defined as a form of a priori intent, which can be manifested in a playful manipulation. Such a manipulation can be detected by the recipient when a public mental model appears to be a tweaked version of a private mental model and when the public mental model appears to be presented in a playful or para-telic mental state. In the case of unintentional humour by very young children, a fantasy mental model can be constructed to make a manipulation and humorous intent plausible. In three examples the theory is applied to demonstrate its potential. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Haustein S.,Technical University of Denmark |
Hunecke M.,FH Dortmund
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability | Year: 2013
Recently, the use of attitude-based market segmentation to promote environmentally sustainable transport has significantly increased. The segmentation of the population into meaningful groups sharing similar attitudes and preferences provides valuable information about how green measures should be designed and promoted in order to attract different user groups. This review highlights advances in the understanding of mode choice from a psychological perspective, taking into account behavioural theories of car use and car-use reduction. In this contribution, attitudinal, socio-demographic, geographical and behavioural segmentations are compared regarding marketing criteria. Although none of the different approaches can claim absolute superiority, attitudinal approaches show advantages in providing starting-points for interventions to reduce car use. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Knowledge integration in transdisciplinary sustainability research: A case study on adaptation to increasing torrential rains in urban areas [Wissensintegration in der transdisziplinären nachhaltigkeitsforschung: Eine fallstudie zur anpassung an zunehmende starkniederschläge in urbanen räumen]
Hunecke M.,FH Dortmund
GAIA | Year: 2011
Transdisciplinary sustainability research on adaption to increasing torrential rains in urban areas requires integration of two kinds of knowledge: First, scientific knowledge in environmental engineering, environmental psychology, and urban and spatial planning; secondly, practical know-how of various stakeholders such as municipalities and companies as well as citizens. Knowledge integration is one of the most important challenges of transdisciplinary research. This article exemplifies the process of transdisciplinary knowledge integration using a case study on water sensitive urban planning that aims at implementing strategies to protect urban living areas and infrastructure from flooding due to heavy precipitations. Five steps can be identified to characterize the process of knowledge integration to develop a concept of water sensitive urban planning. The results show that increasing torrential rains cannot be handled by conventional measures applied separately, but by a combination of measures. Finally, the process of knowledge integration is evaluated in respect to central analytical dimensions in the philosophy of science. © 2011 M. Hunecke; licensee oekom verlag.
Reusch P.,FH Dortmund
Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE 7th International Conference on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems, IDAACS 2013 | Year: 2013
E-learning is one of the pillars of modern higher education and there are many systems that support e-learning and many applications. Today the scope of e-learning goes more and more beyond individual universities. Study programs are often installed in a consortium of cooperating universities. In this case students and staff need access to e-learning platforms of different universities. © 2013 IEEE.
Bockmann B.,FH Dortmund
Radiologe | Year: 2016
The increasing availability of mobile devices and corresponding applications, both for providers and patients, often leads to speculation that mHealth, as the combination of mobile devices and health services is often called, would revolutionize the use of information technology (IT) in healthcare. On the other hand users, providers and operators providing such solutions are often confronted with completely new challenges. This article assesses the options and potential of mHealth and also takes a critical look at potential obstacles. As this field is very broad this critical analysis is illustrated by means of three exemplary application areas: mHealth in radiology, the influence of mHealth on research and mHealth as an enabler of new services, always with examples from other countries. The use of mHealth in radiology currently often develops empirically from existing applications in a relatively unstructured way and benefiting from the dynamic development of mobile technology. The possibilities range from viewing images at the bedside via mobile accessibility of radiologists up to teleradiology. In research there is a huge potential in solutions that actively involve patients with their own mobile devices but the field of data protection is still perceived in Germany as problematic so that only a few research institutions are actively addressing these options. The concept of mHealth allows physicians, hospitals and other service providers to invent entirely new services and a start-up scene is beginning to be established with business models becoming successful particularly with exchanges at the interface with established suppliers. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.