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München, Germany

Pietsch J.,Otto Von Guericke University of Magdeburg | Sickmann A.,Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences | Weber G.,FFE Service GmbH | Bauer J.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry | And 5 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2012

Many cancer cells show unique protein expression patterns. We used proteome technology including MS, free flow isoelectric focusing and Western blotting to determine current concentrations of metabolic enzymes in healthy and malignant human thyroid cells. Three different types of human thyroid cells were investigated after they had been cultured under equal conditions. MS revealed high quantities of glycolytic enzymes and moderate quantities of citric acid cycle enzymes in malignant FTC-133 cells with abnormal LDH B-chains, high quantities of glycolytic enzymes and marginal quantities of citric acid cycle enzymes in normal HTU-5 cells, and low quantities of glycolytic enzymes and marginal quantities of citrate cycle enzymes in malignant CGTH-W1 cells with abnormal LDH A-chains. When an alteration of gene expression activity was challenged physically by removing gravity forces, the concentrations of various glycolytic enzymes were changed in normal and malignant thyroid cells. However, the changes varied among the different cell types. Different cellular alignment of the enzymes could be one reason for the cell type-specific behavior as demonstrated by histological analysis of alpha-enolase. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Pietsch J.,Otto Von Guericke University of Magdeburg | Riwaldt S.,Otto Von Guericke University of Magdeburg | Bauer J.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry | Sickmann A.,Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2013

Influence of gravity forces on the regulation of protein expression by healthy and malignant thyroid cells was studied with the aim to identify protein interactions. Western blot analyses of a limited number of proteins suggested a time-dependent regulation of protein expression by simulated microgravity. After applying free flow isoelectric focusing and mass spectrometry to search for differently expressed proteins by thyroid cells exposed to simulated microgravity for three days, a considerable number of candidates for gravi-sensitive proteins were detected. In order to show how proteins sensitive to microgravity could directly influence other proteins, we investigated all polypeptide chains identified with Mascot scores above 100, looking for groups of interacting proteins. Hence, UniProtKB entry numbers of all detected proteins were entered into the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING) and processed. The program indicated that we had detected various groups of interacting proteins in each of the three cell lines studied. The major groups of interacting proteins play a role in pathways of carbohydrate and protein metabolism, regulation of cell growth and cell membrane structuring. Analyzing these groups, networks of interaction could be established which show how a punctual influence of simulated microgravity may propagate via various members of interaction chains. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


Pietsch J.,Free University of Berlin | Pietsch J.,Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology | Sickmann A.,Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences | Weber G.,FFE Service GmbH | And 6 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2011

The human cell lines FTC-133 and CGTH W-1, both derived from patients with thyroid cancer, assemble to form different types of spheroids when cultured on a random positioning machine. In order to obtain a possible explanation for their distinguishable aggregation behaviour under equal culturing conditions, we evaluated a proteomic analysis emphasising cytoskeletal and membrane-associated proteins. For this analysis, we treated the cells by ultrasound, which freed up some of the proteins into the supernatant but left some attached to the cell fragments. Both types of proteins were further separated by free-flow IEF and SDS gel electrophoresis until their identity was determined by MS. The MS data revealed differences between the two cell lines with regard to various structural proteins such as vimentin, tubulins and actin. Interestingly, integrin α-5 chains, myosin-10 and filamin B were only found in FTC-133 cells, while collagen was only detected in CGTH W-1 cells. These analyses suggest that FTC-133 cells express surface proteins that bind fibronectin, strengthening the three-dimensional cell cohesion. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Bauer J.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry | Wehland M.,Otto Von Guericke University of Magdeburg | Pietsch J.,Otto Von Guericke University of Magdeburg | Sickmann A.,Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Microgravity Science and Technology | Year: 2015

In a series of studies, human thyroid and endothelial cells exposed to real or simulated microgravity were analyzed in terms of changes in gene expression patterns or protein content. Due to the limitation of available cells in many space research experiments, comparative and control experiments had to be done in a serial manner. Therefore, detected genes or proteins were annotated with gene names and SwissProt numbers, in order to allow searches for interconnections between results obtained in different experiments by different methods. A crosscheck of several studies on the behavior of cytoskeletal genes and proteins suggested that clusters of cytoskeletal components change differently under the influence of microgravity and/or vibration in different cell types. The result that LOX and ISG15 gene expression were clearly altered during the Shenzhou-8 spaceflight mission could be estimated by comparison with the results of other experiments. The more than 100-fold down-regulation of LOX supports our hypothesis that the amount and stability of extracellular matrix have a great influence on the formation of three-dimensional aggregates under microgravity. The approximately 40-fold up-regulation of ISG15 cannot yet be explained in detail, but strongly suggests that ISGylation, an alternative form of posttranslational modification, plays a role in longterm cultures. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Source


Justesen B.H.,Copenhagen University | Laursen T.,Copenhagen University | Weber G.,FFE Service GmbH | Fuglsang A.T.,Copenhagen University | And 2 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

Free flow electrophoresis is used for rapid and high-recovery isolation of homogeneous preparations of functionally active membrane proteins inserted into nanodiscs. The approach enables isolation of integral and membrane anchored proteins and is also applicable following introduction of, e.g., fluorescent tags. Preparative separation of membrane protein loaded nanodiscs from empty nanodiscs and protein aggregates results in monodisperse nanodisc preparations ideal for structural and functional characterization using biophysical methods. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

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