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Singh A.,FET | Sharma H.K.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Kumar S.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Upadhyay A.,National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management
International Journal of Food Science | Year: 2013

The effect of incubation time, incubation temperature, and crude enzyme concentration was observed on the yield, viscosity, and clarity of the juice obtained from bael fruit pulp. The recommended enzymatic treatment conditions from the study were incubation time 475 min, incubation temperature 45°C, and crude enzyme concentration 0.20 mL/25 g bael fruit pulp. The recovery, viscosity, and clarity of the juice under these conditions were 82.9%, 1.41 cps, and 21.32%T, respectively. The variables, clarity, and yield were found as principal components for comparing different samples of the juice treated with enzyme. © 2013 Anurag Singh et al.

Sharma A.,FET | Ojha V.,IITM
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2010

It is obvious that if a data mining algorithm is run against the union of the databases, and its output becomes known to one or more of the parties, it reveals something about the contents of the other databases. Research in secure distributed computation, which was done as part of a larger body of research in the theory of cryptography, has achieved remarkable results. These results were shown using generic constructions that can be applied to any function that has an efficient representation as a circuit. We describe these results, discuss their efficiency, and demonstrate their relevance to privacy preserving computation of data mining algorithms. Note that we consider here a distributed computing scenario, rather than a scenario where all data is gathered in a central server, which then runs the algorithm against all data. (The central server scenario introduces interesting privacy issues, too, but they are outside the scope of this paper.) © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Prashar P.,The New School | Kapoor N.,The New School | Sachdeva S.,FET
Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Sustainable agricultural practices are the answer to multifaceted problems that have resulted due to prolonged and indiscriminate use of chemical based agronomic tools to improve crop productions for the last many decades. The hunt for suitable ecofriendly options to replace the chemical fertilizers and pesticides has thus been aggravated. Owing to their versatile and unmatchable capacities microbial agents offer an attractive and feasible option to develop the biological tools to replace/supplement the chemicals. Exploring the microorganisms that reside in close proximity to the plant is thus a justified move in the direction to achieve this target. One of the most lucrative options is to look into the rhizosphere. Rhizosphere may be defined as the narrow zone of soil that surrounds and get influenced by the roots of the plants. It is rich in nutrients compared to the bulk soil and hence exhibit intense biological and chemical activities. A wide range of macro and microorganisms including bacteria, fungi, virus, protozoa, algae, nematodes and microarthropods co-exist in rhizosphere and show a variety of interactions between themselves as well as with the plant. Plant friendly bacteria residing in rhizosphere which exert beneficial affect on it are called as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Here we review the structure and bacterial diversity of the rhizosphere. The major points discussed here are: (1) structure and composition of the rhizosphere (2) range of bacteria found in rhizosphere and their interactions with the plant with a particular emphasis on PGPR (3) mechanisms of plant growth promotion by the PGPR (4) rhizosphere competence. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Shukla S.,FET | Sharma S.,MRIU | Kumar S.,MRIU
Proceedings - 4th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Communication Technology, ICCCT 2013 | Year: 2013

ABSTRACT: A Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) is a self-configuring and a temporary dynamic network of mobile nodes connected by wireless links without any fixed infrastructure. Among the two broad categories of Routing Protocols, We have tried to include more clarity to the Route Discovery Phase of DSR Protocol. We have modified the Request Packet Format, by introducing the 'Timer' field. When the Route Reply is not received within the given time duration mentioned in the Timer Field, the Source will again initiate new Request for the same Destination with increased Request Number and increased Timer. It is observed that Cache Maintenance of TDSR is much easier than DSR. As, DSR circulate Stale Route information throughout the network, whereas TDSR prevent spreading of Stale Route information and Speed up the Route Discovery Process, which also leads to increased Packet Delivery Ratio and Reduced Bandwidth Requirement due to partial Route Construction during Reply Phase. © 2013 IEEE.

Singh A.,FET | Sharma H.K.,Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology | Kumar N.,Anand Agricultural University | Upadhyay A.,National University of Science and Technology
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2015

The bael (Aegle marmelos) is an important indigenous fruit and has various nutritional and therapeutic properties. Five air-drying temperatures (60, 65, 70, 75 and 80°C) and five thickness of pulp on the tray (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm) were chosen to obtain the drying characteristics of bael fruit pulp. Moisture loss was recorded at every 5 min intervals during drying. The samples were also evaluated for variation in vitamin C and colour. The powder prepared from the pulp dried at 65°C with a drying thickness of 2 mm was found optimum with respect to drying time, colour and ascorbic acid content. Two term model gave the best results for describing the drying kinetics of bael fruit pulp. Temperature at 65°C can be considered as the limiting temperature for drying of bael pulp to observe minimum reasonable change in colour and ascorbic acid content. Loss of vitamins was also more with increase in temperature and thickness of layer.

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