Afula, Israel
Afula, Israel

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Beck-Fruchter R.,Fertility Unit | Shalev E.,Fertility Unit | Shalev E.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Weiss A.,Fertility Unit | Weiss A.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2015

The human oocyte is surrounded by hyaluronic acid, which acts as a natural selector of spermatozoa. Human sperm that express hyaluronic acid receptors and bind to hyaluronic acid have normal shape, minimal DNA fragmentation and low frequency of chromosomal aneuploidies. Use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles to improve clinical outcomes has been studied, although none of these studies had sufficient statistical power. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, electronic databases were searched up to June 2015 to identify studies of ICSI cycles in which spermatozoa able to bind hyaluronic acid was selected. The main outcomes were fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate. Secondary outcomes included cleavage rate, embryo quality, implantation rate, spontaneous abortion and live birth rate. Seven studies and 1437 cycles were included. Use of hyaluronic acid binding sperm selection technique yielded no improvement in fertilization and pregnancy rates. A meta-analysis of all available studies showed an improvement in embryo quality and implantation rate; an analysis of prospective studies only showed an improvement in embryo quality. Evidence does not support routine use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in all ICSI cycles. Identification of patients that might benefit from this technique needs further study. © 2015 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd.


PubMed | Fertility Unit and Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Reproductive biomedicine online | Year: 2016

The human oocyte is surrounded by hyaluronic acid, which acts as a natural selector of spermatozoa. Human sperm that express hyaluronic acid receptors and bind to hyaluronic acid have normal shape, minimal DNA fragmentation and low frequency of chromosomal aneuploidies. Use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles to improve clinical outcomes has been studied, although none of these studies had sufficient statistical power. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, electronic databases were searched up to June 2015 to identify studies of ICSI cycles in which spermatozoa able to bind hyaluronic acid was selected. The main outcomes were fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate. Secondary outcomes included cleavage rate, embryo quality, implantation rate, spontaneous abortion and live birth rate. Seven studies and 1437 cycles were included. Use of hyaluronic acid binding sperm selection technique yielded no improvement in fertilization and pregnancy rates. A meta-analysis of all available studies showed an improvement in embryo quality and implantation rate; an analysis of prospective studies only showed an improvement in embryo quality. Evidence does not support routine use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in all ICSI cycles. Identification of patients that might benefit from this technique needs further study.


Norling A.,Karolinska University Hospital | Hirschberg A.L.,Karolinska University Hospital | Karlsson L.,Karolinska University Hospital | Rodriguez-Wallberg K.A.,Fertility Unit | And 3 more authors.
Sexual Development | Year: 2014

Ovarian dysfunction before the age of 40 years, characterized by hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and presenting with either primary or secondary amenorrhea, is called primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). POI has a significant genetic component, but the specific genetic cause is often unknown. A novel candidate gene for POI, PSMC3IP, has recently been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate a group of patients with POI for possible PSMC3IP mutations. Therefore, DNA samples from 50 patients with POI of primarily Swedish origin were used in the study, 27 with secondary amenorrhea (median age of diagnosis 23 years) and 23 with primary amenorrhea. Control material consisting of DNA samples from 95 women without POI was used for investigation of novel sequence variants. All exons and intron/exon boundaries of the PSMC3IP gene were analyzed by PCR and sequencing. As a result, no pathogenic mutation in the PSMC3IP gene was detected in the cohort. A previously unreported variant, NM-016556.3:c.337+33A>G, was detected in heterozygous form in 1 patient with secondary amenorrhea, likely constituting a normal variant. Two reported single nucleotide polymorphisms were detected in the cohort at the expected frequency. In conclusion, PSMC3IP gene mutations are not common causes of POI in this Swedish cohort. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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