Fertility Unit

Afula, Israel

Fertility Unit

Afula, Israel
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Benjamin I.,Fertility Unit | Fernandez G.,Fertility Unit | Figueira J.V.,Fertility Unit | Parpacen L.,Fertility Unit | And 2 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2016

Objective: To describe the consequences of Zika virus infection at 10 weeks of gestation in an IVF-conceived pregnancy in Venezuela. Design: A case report. Setting: Private assisted reproduction unit. Patient(s): A 36-year-old patient who conceived her first pregnancy through IVF and became infected with Zika virus at 10 weeks' gestation in Venezuela. Intervention(s): In vitro fertilization with fresh ET. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging Zika diagnostic methods. Main Outcome Measure(s): Zika virus detection by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in maternal plasma, PCR in amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood. Ultrasonography findings of anatomic abnormalities. Result(s): Zika infection was confirmed at 10 weeks' gestation by real-time PCR; ultrasound results appeared normal. At 19 weeks' gestation, an ultrasound revealed biometry on three SDs below the means for all parameters but with no apparent anatomic abnormality. Zika virus was positive in maternal urine and amniotic fluid by PCR at 19 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound at 21 weeks + 4 days of gestation showed fetal cerebellar hypoplasia with ventricular dysmorphia, particularly marked on the left, consistent with microcephaly and ventriculomegaly. Because of the poor prognosis, pregnancy was interrupted at 24 weeks' gestation, in France. The PCR in umbilical cord blood taken in this procedure was positive for Zika virus. Conclusion(s): Initial ultrasound findings in pregnancy may not be informative. Only at 21 weeks + 4 days of gestation did an ultrasound reveal fetal microcephaly and ventriculomegaly. Combined clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings provided a complete picture of the severe damage caused by Zika infection. © 2017 The Authors.


Beck-Fruchter R.,Fertility Unit | Shalev E.,Fertility Unit | Shalev E.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Weiss A.,Fertility Unit | Weiss A.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2015

The human oocyte is surrounded by hyaluronic acid, which acts as a natural selector of spermatozoa. Human sperm that express hyaluronic acid receptors and bind to hyaluronic acid have normal shape, minimal DNA fragmentation and low frequency of chromosomal aneuploidies. Use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles to improve clinical outcomes has been studied, although none of these studies had sufficient statistical power. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, electronic databases were searched up to June 2015 to identify studies of ICSI cycles in which spermatozoa able to bind hyaluronic acid was selected. The main outcomes were fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate. Secondary outcomes included cleavage rate, embryo quality, implantation rate, spontaneous abortion and live birth rate. Seven studies and 1437 cycles were included. Use of hyaluronic acid binding sperm selection technique yielded no improvement in fertilization and pregnancy rates. A meta-analysis of all available studies showed an improvement in embryo quality and implantation rate; an analysis of prospective studies only showed an improvement in embryo quality. Evidence does not support routine use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in all ICSI cycles. Identification of patients that might benefit from this technique needs further study. © 2015 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd.


PubMed | Fertility Unit and Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Reproductive biomedicine online | Year: 2016

The human oocyte is surrounded by hyaluronic acid, which acts as a natural selector of spermatozoa. Human sperm that express hyaluronic acid receptors and bind to hyaluronic acid have normal shape, minimal DNA fragmentation and low frequency of chromosomal aneuploidies. Use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles to improve clinical outcomes has been studied, although none of these studies had sufficient statistical power. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, electronic databases were searched up to June 2015 to identify studies of ICSI cycles in which spermatozoa able to bind hyaluronic acid was selected. The main outcomes were fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate. Secondary outcomes included cleavage rate, embryo quality, implantation rate, spontaneous abortion and live birth rate. Seven studies and 1437 cycles were included. Use of hyaluronic acid binding sperm selection technique yielded no improvement in fertilization and pregnancy rates. A meta-analysis of all available studies showed an improvement in embryo quality and implantation rate; an analysis of prospective studies only showed an improvement in embryo quality. Evidence does not support routine use of hyaluronic acid binding assays in all ICSI cycles. Identification of patients that might benefit from this technique needs further study.


Norling A.,Karolinska University Hospital | Hirschberg A.L.,Karolinska University Hospital | Karlsson L.,Karolinska University Hospital | Rodriguez-Wallberg K.A.,Fertility Unit | And 3 more authors.
Sexual Development | Year: 2014

Ovarian dysfunction before the age of 40 years, characterized by hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and presenting with either primary or secondary amenorrhea, is called primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). POI has a significant genetic component, but the specific genetic cause is often unknown. A novel candidate gene for POI, PSMC3IP, has recently been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate a group of patients with POI for possible PSMC3IP mutations. Therefore, DNA samples from 50 patients with POI of primarily Swedish origin were used in the study, 27 with secondary amenorrhea (median age of diagnosis 23 years) and 23 with primary amenorrhea. Control material consisting of DNA samples from 95 women without POI was used for investigation of novel sequence variants. All exons and intron/exon boundaries of the PSMC3IP gene were analyzed by PCR and sequencing. As a result, no pathogenic mutation in the PSMC3IP gene was detected in the cohort. A previously unreported variant, NM-016556.3:c.337+33A>G, was detected in heterozygous form in 1 patient with secondary amenorrhea, likely constituting a normal variant. Two reported single nucleotide polymorphisms were detected in the cohort at the expected frequency. In conclusion, PSMC3IP gene mutations are not common causes of POI in this Swedish cohort. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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