Ferrum College is a private college in Ferrum, Virginia, USA, in the scenic Blue Ridge Mountains of Southwest Virginia. Ferrum College has the second-oldest environmental science program in the nation and was ranked 41st by US News and World Report in Comprehensive Colleges–Bachelor's for 2006. The college itself is on the Virginia Historic Register. Roberts Hall and Beckham Hall are part of the Ferrum College Historic District and listed in the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places. Wikipedia.
Harnish C.R.,Ferrum College |
Daniels J.A.,University of Arizona |
Caruso D.,Hunter Holmes McGuire VAMC
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine | Year: 2016
Objective: To review the outcome of 12 weeks of periodized, high-intensity interval training (HIT) in a man with chronic traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: A 42-year-old man (180 cm tall, 68.4 kg and 32.0% Fat) with a C8/T1 motor complete SCI took part in 12 weeks of 3 days per week arm crank ergometry (ACE) interval training. Training consisted of a combination of HIT that included three times 5 min at ∼70% Peak Power (WPeak) and 5 min recovery (HIT5); four times 2.5 min at ∼85% WPeak and 5 min recovery (HIT2.5); ten times 1 min at ∼110% WPeak and 2 min recovery (HIT1). Heart rate (HR) zones were set as <75% HRPeak (Z1), 75–89% (Z2), and 90+% (Z3) and used to monitor overall training efficacy. Results: Thirty-six sessions that included 8 HIT5, 10 HIT2.5, and 5 HIT1 sessions were completed. WPeak and VO2 Peak improved about 45% and 52%, respectively, by week 6, without further improvement at week 12, HR TRIMP scores and power in training sessions trended upward over the 12-week program. Conclusions: Twelve weeks of HIT resulted in a large increase in peak aerobic power, as well as submaximal endurance performance in our participant. The early plateau in maximal testing supports the use of submaximal training assessment important in the long-term training monitoring for SCI. © The Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc. 2016
Schmachtenberg W.F.,Franklin County High School |
Schmachtenberg W.F.,Ferrum College
Paleobiology | Year: 2011
The geographic distribution of 293 Modern bivalve genera has been analyzed and found to be statistically correlated with distance. In particular, a least-squares regression analysis of the data indicates that the distance between faunal realms (D) in kilometers can be estimated using the equation D = (ln(d) + 0.4233)/?0.00013, where d is the Dice coefficient of faunal similarity. Analysis of 59 genera of Late Ordovician bivalves indicates that the above equation also describes their biogeographic distribution. Using this formula, the distance between Laurentia and Scotland/Northwest Ireland was estimated to be 5500 kilometers. This is consistent with the reconstruction of a connection among these areas during the Late Ordovician based on brachiopod and graptolite biogeographic data. Paleomagnetic and paleoclimatic data also suggest that Avalonia, Baltica, and Laurentia were at tropical latitudes. Distances between these paleocontinents can therefore be used to estimate paleolongitudes. If the location of England on the eastern side of Avalonia is used as zero degrees paleolongitude for the Late Ordovician as it is today, the paleolongitude for South America, Laurentia, Scotland and northwest Ireland, and Baltica would be 125°W, 45°W, 10°W, and 15°E, respectively. Because of drifting of the Avalonia plate, these paleolongitudes probably do not coincide with the longitudinal grid used today. The paleolongitudes indicate only the relative spacing between continents in the past. The methodology in this study should be useful for improving the accuracy of paleogeographic reconstructions for the Late Ordovician throughout the Cenozoic, and especially the Paleozoic periods for which magnetic seafloor anomaly data are not available. © 2011 The Paleontological Society. All rights reserved.
Poorter L.,Wageningen University |
Poorter L.,Instituto Boliviano Of Investigacion Forestal Ibif |
Mcneil A.,Instituto Boliviano Of Investigacion Forestal Ibif |
Mcneil A.,Ferrum College |
And 4 more authors.
Functional Ecology | Year: 2014
Bark is crucial to trees because it protects their stems against fire and other hazards and because of its importance for assimilate transport, water relationships and repair. We evaluate size-dependent changes in bark thickness for 50 woody species from a moist forest and 50 species from a dry forest in Bolivia and relate bark thickness to their other bark characteristics, species life-history strategies and wood properties. For 71% of the evaluated species, the allometric coefficient describing the relationship between bark thickness and stem diameter was significantly <1 (average 0·74; range 0·38-1·20), indicating that species attain an absolute increase in bark thickness with increasing stem diameter but invest relatively less in bark thickness at larger diameters. We hypothesized that in response to more frequent fires, dry-forest species should have thicker barked trees. Contrary to this prediction, dry- and moist-forest tree species were similar in allometric bark coefficients and bark thickness. In both forest types, about 50% of the species never developed bark thick enough to avoid fire damage to their vascular cambia. Recent increases in fire frequency and extent may therefore have potentially large effects on the composition of these forests. Within each forest, coexisting species displayed a diversity of bark investment strategies, and bark thickness of trees 40 cm stem diameter varied up to 15-fold across species (ranging from 1·7 to 25·7 mm). In both forests, sapling bark thickness was positively related to adult stature (maximum height) of the species, possibly because trees of long-lived species are more likely to experience fire during their life span, whereas for species that are characteristically small or short-lived, it may not pay off to invest heavily in bark and they may follow a resprouter strategy instead. Sapling bark thickness was not related to species' shade tolerance. Bark and wood traits were closely associated, showing a trade-off between species with tough tissues (high densities of bark and wood) on the one hand vs. species with watery tissues (high water contents of bark and wood) and thick bark on the other hand. Species with different bark investment strategies coexist in both the moist and the dry tropical forest studied. Bark and wood fulfil many functions, and the observed trade-offs may reflect different plant strategies to deal with fire, avoidance and repair of stem damage, avoidance and resistance of drought stress, and mechanical stability. © 2013 The Authors. Functional Ecology © 2013 British Ecological Society.
News Article | November 14, 2016
The Winter Lacrosse Showcase Camp will have 4 full field, 10 vs 10 games, on field turf. College coaches will be coaching teams along with attending the event to scout and recruit players. There will also be an instructional practice session the on first day. Directing the Lacrosse Showcase Camps is Roanoke College Men's Lacrosse Coach, Bill Pilat. Coach Pilat states, “I am very excited to be hosting lacrosse prospects at the winter showcase camp at Roanoke College. Every winter, I enjoy working with these talented players and providing them with a platform to showcase their talents and helping to get them ready for the next level." Coach Pilat goes on to say, "We have a great line-up of schools that attend each year and this year will be no different." The following colleges were in attendance at the Winter Showcase in 2016 - Roanoke College, VA , University of Mary Washington, VA, Lebanon Valley College, PA, Guilford College, NC, Concordia University Chicago, IL, Depauw University, IN, Lynchburg College, VA, Ferrum College, VA, Pfeiffer College, NC, Ohio Wesleyan, OH, Randolph Macon College, VA, Randolph College, VA, Shenandoah College, VA, Hampden Sydney College, VA, Virginia Tech University, VA and Cornell College, IN. This Lacrosse Showcase camp will only enroll the first 144 Players who sign up. Campers and teams are encouraged to register early. For more information please visit http://www.ussportscamps.com/lacrosse or call 1-800-645-3226 About US Sports Camps US Sports Camps (USSC), headquartered in San Rafael, California, is America's largest sports camp network and the licensed operator of Nike Sports Camps. The company has offered camps since 1975 with the same mission that defines it today: to shape a lifelong enjoyment of athletics through high quality sports education and skill enhancement.
Liu L.,China Three Gorges University |
Liu D.,China Three Gorges University |
Johnson D.M.,Ferrum College |
Yi Z.,China Three Gorges University |
Huang Y.,China Three Gorges University
Water Research | Year: 2012
Since the initial filling of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR), serious phytoplankton blooms have occurred in its tributary bays. Cyanobacteria blooms have been observed in a number of tributary bays and threaten the drinking water security of residents in the TGR region. To identify the key factors controlling phytoplankton blooms in tributary bays and propose an effective management strategy, a one-year water quality study (November 2009 to October 2010) was conducted in Xiangxi Bay (XXB) of TGR. The results show that a rapid decrease in mixing depth is associated with the spring bloom, fading of the fall bloom occurs with the rapid increase in mixing depth, and an extremely shallow mixing depth is associated with cyanobacteria blooms that predominate during the summer. Development of thermal stratification in XXB is the major cause of seasonal variation in mixing depth and density current intrusion from TGR is the major cause of short-term variation in mixing depth. The seasonal thermal stratification of XXB is disrupted by sufficiently large water level fluctuations in TGR. The density current is lifted from mid-depths to the surface and chlorophyll a concentrations rapidly decrease in response. Based on these findings, a conceptual model is proposed for a management strategy to control phytoplankton blooms in tributary bays via controlled releases from TGR. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Dahl A.L.,Ferrum College |
Galliher R.V.,Utah State University
Journal of Adolescence | Year: 2012
Religious contexts have traditionally been understood as protective for a variety of psychosocial health outcomes. However, the generalizability of these findings to youth who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ) is questioned due to denominational teachings on same-sex attractions and sexual behavior. Eight adolescents (15-17 years) and 11 young adults (19-24 years) who identify as LGBTQ raised in Christian religious affiliations (16 participants raised in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 2 participants raised Catholic and 1 participant raised Presbyterian) participated in individual in-depth interviews, journal writings, and focus groups to provide greater insight into the lived experiences of LGBTQ individuals raised within a Christian religious environment. Findings suggest the religious context is related to both positive and negative outcomes. Eight themes are explored using participant's own words and experiences. Directions for future research and implications are discussed. © 2012 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents.
Dennis E.A.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University |
Dengo A.L.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University |
Comber D.L.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University |
Flack K.D.,Ferrum College |
And 3 more authors.
Obesity | Year: 2010
Water consumption acutely reduces meal energy intake (EI) among middle-aged and older adults. Our objectives were to determine if premeal water consumption facilitates weight loss among overweight/obese middle-aged and older adults, and to determine if the ability of premeal water consumption to reduce meal EI is sustained after a 12-week period of increased water consumption. Adults (n = 48; 55-75 years, BMI 25-40kg/m 2) were assigned to one of two groups: (i) hypocaloric diet 500ml water prior to each daily meal (water group), or (ii) hypocaloric diet alone (nonwater group). At baseline and week 12, each participant underwent two ad libitum test meals: (i) no preload (NP), and (ii) 500ml water preload (WP). Meal EI was assessed at each test meal and body weight was assessed weekly for 12 weeks. Weight loss was ∼2kg greater in the water group than in the nonwater group, and the water group (Β = 0.87, P 0.001) showed a 44% greater decline in weight over the 12 weeks than the nonwater group (Β = 0.60, P 0.001). Test meal EI was lower in the WP than NP condition at baseline, but not at week 12 (baseline: WP 498 ± 25kcal, NP 541 ± 27kcal, P = 0.009; 12-week: WP 480 ± 25kcal, NP 506 ± 25kcal, P = 0.069). Thus, when combined with a hypocaloric diet, consuming 500ml water prior to each main meal leads to greater weight loss than a hypocaloric diet alone in middle-aged and older adults. This may be due in part to an acute reduction in meal EI following water ingestion. © 2009 The Obesity Society.
Whitaker B.D.,The University of Findlay |
Casey S.J.,Ferrum College |
Taupier R.,Ferrum College
Reproduction in Domestic Animals | Year: 2012
Contents: The effects of 1.0mmN-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) supplementation during the incubation of frozen-thawed and preserved boar sperm were studied in addition to subsequent oocyte IVF. Frozen-thawed and preserved boar sperm were supplemented with 1.0mm NAC and incubated for 60min to allow capacitation to occur followed by the addition of calcium ionophore 23187 to induce the acrosome reaction. The number of sperm having undergone the acrosome reaction was determined using the Wells-Awa staining technique. DNA damage was detected using single-cell gel electrophoresis. Membrane lipid peroxidation was estimated by the end point generation of malondialdehyde (MDA). Frozen-thawed sperm was not different in the ability of sperm to undergo the acrosome reaction but did have significantly (p<0.05) more DNA damage (59.8±1.0) compared to preserved sperm (32.0±1.0%). Supplementing 1.0mm NAC did not have an effect on the ability of sperm to undergo the acrosome reaction but did have significantly (p<0.05) less DNA (39.2±1.0%) damage compared to no antioxidant supplementation (52.7±1.0%). Frozen-thawed sperm produced a significantly higher (p<0.05) concentration of MDA (2.08±0.05μm MDA/107cells) compared to preserved sperm (1.82±0.05μm MDA/107cells), and non-supplemented sperm produced a significantly higher (p<0.05) concentration of MDA (3.62±0.05μm MDA/107 cells) compared to the 1.0mm NAC-supplemented sperm (0.28±0.05μm MDA/107cells. Supplementation or semen storage method had no effect on IVF or embryonic development. These results indicate that supplementation with 1.0mm NAC improved the ability to use frozen-thawed boar sperm during IVF as it reduces the DNA fragmentation and lipid peroxidation of the sperm. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Fredericksen T.S.,Ferrum College
Northeastern Naturalist | Year: 2014
While Terrapene Carolina Carolina (Eastern Box Turtle) are found over a wide geographic range, they appear to select microhabitats based on the need for thermoregulation, minimization of water loss, and reproduction. Habitat selection and the activity patterns of Eastern Box Turtles in southwestern Virginia were studied in relation to short-term weather conditions and seasonal variation. Turtles were located using telemetry 36% of the time in the interior of mature forest habitats, 23% in edge habitats, 18% in fields, 7% in a 22-year-old Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine) plantation, 7% in forest canopy gaps, 5% in a 4-year-old clearcut, and 4% in streams. We observed a seasonal shift in habitat use, with more turtles using mature forest habitat compared to other habitat types in all months, except for May when 47% of all turtles were located in edge habitat. Also, Eastern Box Turtles often selected canopy gaps within forests during the fall, and females moved from forests to recent clearcuts during the nesting season, which accounted for a larger home-range size. As expected, turtle activity was lower during hot, dry periods in midsummer and decreased gradually during the autumn with decreasing temperature. Rainfall increased turtle activity, especially when following prolonged dry periods.
Whitaker B.D.,Ferrum College |
Whitaker B.D.,The University of Findlay |
Casey S.J.,Ferrum College |
Taupier R.,Ferrum College
Reproduction, Fertility and Development | Year: 2012
The effects of supplementation with 1.5 mM N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) during in vitro oocyte maturation were studied. Oocytes were supplemented with 1.5 mM NAC during maturation for 0 to 24h, 24 to 48h, or 0 to 48 h then subjected to IVF and embryo development. Oocytes were evaluated after maturation for intracellular glutathione concentration, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities and DNA fragmentation. Fertilisation and embryonic development success were also evaluated. There was no effect of treatment on intracellular glutathione concentrations, enzyme activities or fertilisation success rates. Supplementing NAC during maturation significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the percentage of oocytes with fragmented DNA compared with no NAC supplementation. Supplementing NAC from 24 to 48 h or 0 to 48 h resulted in a significantly higher (P < 0.05) percentage of oocytes with male pronuclei than for oocytes from the other treatment groups. There was no difference in the percentage of embryos cleavedby 48 h after IVF between treatment groups. Supplementing NAC from 24 to 48 h or 0 to 48 hresultedin a significantly higher (P < 0.05) percentage of embryos reaching the blastocyst stage by 144 h after IVF compared with the other treatment groups. These results indicate that supplementation of the oocyte maturation medium with 1.5mM NAC, specifically during the last 24 h, improves male pronucleus formation and blastocyst development in pigs. © CSIRO 2012.