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Big Rapids, MI, United States

Ferris State University is an American public university with its main campus in Big Rapids, Michigan. Founded in 1884 as the Big Rapids Industrial School by Woodbridge Nathan Ferris, an educator from Tioga County, New York, who later served as governor of the State of Michigan and finally in the US Senate where he remained until his death in 1928. The school was noteworthy at its time for accepting female students beginning with its first graduating class. It is also the only public university in Michigan to be founded by an individual.Today Ferris is the ninth-largest university in the state with 14,560 students studying on its main campus, at one of the 19 off-campus locations across the state, or online. Two- and four-year degrees are offered through eight academic colleges and graduate degrees from six. Ferris grants professional doctorate degrees via its optometry and pharmacy colleges and a multidisciplinary doctorate of education in community college leadership through the Colleges of Arts and science, Business, and Education and Human Services. The school is known for having a faculty-student ratio of 1:16, and that classes are taught by professional instructors, not graduate assistants. Wikipedia.

Klepser M.,Ferris State University
Journal of Critical Care

Over the last 20 years, there has been an increase in the total number of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) and in infections caused by rare and emerging pathogens. This is due in part to the growing population of immunocompromised patients at risk of developing fungal infections. Three classes of antifungal agents are widely used for the treatment of systemic fungal infections: polyenes, azoles, and echinocandins. Polyenes were the first antifungal agents developed and have a long-standing history in the treatment of IFIs. The use of conventional amphotericin B has been limited because of toxic side effects, which have been reduced by the lipid formulations of amphotericin B. Treatment options for invasive mycoses have expanded with the recent introduction of the second-generation triazoles (voriconazole and posaconazole) and the echinocandins (caspofungin, micafungin, anidulafungin). Despite the increased number of antifungal drugs, resistance issues present a problem in the treatment of IFIs. Although some fungal pathogens display innate resistance, others have developed resistance secondary to selective pressure. This article briefly reviews the changing epidemiology of fungal infections and associated risk factors, resistance issues with commonly administered antifungal agents, and treatment options for IFIs, with a focus on polyenes. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

This article summarizes the results of a research project that was funded by the Construction Industry Institute that addressed design and construction for sustainable industrial construction. The research project included a global literature review of articles related to sustainable industrial construction and a survey investigation of industrial construction firms that was used to determine the viability of utilizing sustainable practices in the industrial construction industry. Members of the industrial construction industry provided information on the utilization of sustainable practices in their firms and numerous examples of the types of sustainable practices that they have already implemented in their firms. The research project also developed several implementation resources that are discussed, such as a quick start guide for implementing sustainability practices, two maturity models that could be used to help evaluate the level of sustainability on projects, and a checklist for sustainability evaluation of industrial construction projects. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers. Source

Mersfelder T.L.,Ferris State University | Nichols W.H.,Bronson Methodist Hospital
Annals of Pharmacotherapy

Objective: To identify case reports and studies regarding patients who abused, became dependent on, or experienced withdrawal from gabapentin. Data Sources: A PubMed literature search (1993 to October 2015) was performed using the search terms gabapentin, withdrawal, dependence, and addiction. Additional references were identified from a review of literature citations. Study Selection: All English-language case reports and studies were evaluated. Data Synthesis: A total of 18 case reports or case series were identified regarding addiction to or withdrawal from gabapentin. All the cases of addiction were in patients who had a previous history of alcohol, cocaine, or opioid abuse. On average, the patients were taking more than 3000 mg/d (600-8000 mg/d). Two surveys reported that the misuse of gabapentin was 1.1% in the general population and 22% in drug abuse treatment centers. Withdrawal, when reported, occurred within 12 hours to 7 days of discontinuation of the medication. Conclusion: There have been numerous documented cases of gabapentin abuse, dependence, and withdrawal. Even though gabapentin is sometimes considered as a treatment option for alcohol and substance abuse, it is important to monitor for drug-seeking behaviors. A history of alcohol or substance abuse appears to be an important part of a patient’s medical history when evaluating their risk for addiction and dependence behaviors. Health care providers need to be aware of this risk in their patients and monitor their patients for signs of abuse and dependence along with withdrawal symptoms. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. Source

The influence of binocular disparate targets on the perceived visual direction of adjacent monocular targets has been termed " binocular capture" The magnitude of capture increases significantly with increasing vertical separation between monocular targets. This study sets out to elucidate the interaction between spatial frequency content, contrast polarity and vertical separation between monocular targets to establish the roles of the monocular target's positional uncertainty and the underlying position-encoding mechanism in the production of binocular capture. Relative alignment thresholds and bias were measured separately for a pair of vertically separated monocular Vernier spatial frequency ribbons and a pair of monocular Gaussian bars presented across a random dot stereogram. Ribbon pairs comprised carrier frequencies that were either matched (8. cpd or 1. cpd) or mismatched (top ribbon 1. cpd, bottom ribbon 8. cpd, and vice versa). The Gaussian bars were presented with either matched contrast (bright/bright) or opposite polarity (bright/dark) contrast. Capture magnitudes increased significantly with vertical separation for all ribbon conditions and for both contrast polarity conditions. In these conditions, capture magnitude co-varied with relative alignment threshold. The matched 1. cpd ribbons showed a significant effect of separation and relative alignment threshold on capture magnitude for low contrast stimuli but not for high contrast stimuli. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that perceived visual direction of a monocular target becomes increasingly dependent on the surround visual direction when its relative position signals are poor. Furthermore, its vulnerability to capture by the surround visual direction seems to be dependent on the underlying position encoding mechanism employed to compute relative position information of the monocular target. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Kurtz R.S.,Ferris State University
Review of Policy Research

The April 20, 2010, BP Deepwater Horizon blowout riveted citizen and elected officials' attention on coastal oil spills in ways not seen since the ill-fated 1989 Exxon Valdez crisis. A commonly voiced lament included why was the tragedy not prevented? Why the seemingly poor safety practices and who is to blame? Could a spill of such catastrophic proportion happen elsewhere in the future? Applying a spill prevention causation framework developed through the examination of other major near-shore incidents over a 23-year period, the author finds Deepwater Horizon exhibited a pattern of shortcomings evident in these other spills. These shortcomings are rooted in policy imperfections, a weak regulatory regime, organizational deviance in lieu of integrity, and interorganizational structure deficiencies. © 2013 by The Policy Studies Organization. Source

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