Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929, as Scuderia Ferrari, the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles as Ferrari S.p.A. in 1947. Fiat acquired 50% of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 85% in 2008. In 2014 Fiat announced its intentions to sell its share in Ferrari, as of the announcement Fiat owned 90% of Ferrari.Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it has had great success. Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed, luxury and wealth. Wikipedia.
Meroni P.L.,Ferrari |
Schur P.H.,Harvard University
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2010
The impact of autoimmune diseases is growing from both a clinical and a laboratory point of view. Diagnostic assays are now being transferred from dedicated specialised laboratories into high-throughput service laboratories. The increasing number of available methods has raised the variability among the laboratories, making their reproducibility a critical problem. On the other hand, reliable tests are needed for early diagnosis and prompt treatment, and the cost of repeated confirmatory tests should be reduced and unnecessary further investigations avoided. New methodologies, particularly for antinuclear antibodies (ANAs), have been applied to autoantibody detection in order to screen and process larger volumes of clinical specimens more quickly and at less cost than the traditional methods. However, because of the lack of their sensitivity to detect all ANAs and standardisation, inaccuracies (including false positives and negatives) in the results have been reported. A committee of the American College of Rheumatology was formed to address this issue. Specific recommendations have been suggested that represent a realistic first step in the standardisation of diagnostic tests for autoimmune diseases.
Ferrari | Date: 2015-03-18
A convertible car with a front engine having: a passenger compartment; a rigid sunroof; a trunk, which contains the rigid sunroof when the rigid sunroof is arranged in an open position; an upper covering, which is arranged over the trunk and is mobile between a closed position and an open position; a trunk lid, which is supported by the upper covering and is mobile relative to the upper covering; a first actuating device, suited to move the upper covering between the closed position and the open position; a second actuating device, suited to move the trunk lid relative to the upper covering between a completely closed position, in which the trunk lid completely closes the access to the trunk, and a semi-open position, in which the trunk lid is arranged in an intermediate position between the completely closed position and a completely open position.
Ferrari | Date: 2015-03-13
An internal combustion engine having: a plurality of cylinders, which are arranged in two banks arranged at an angle relative to one another; for each bank of cylinders, a corresponding turbocharger having a lubrication circuit, which is provided with a delivery duct to feed lubricating oil under pressure into the turbocharger; and a control unit, which is suited to deactivate the cylinders of one of the two banks during the low-load operation, and to interrupt the feeding of lubricating oil to the turbocharger, when the corresponding bank of cylinders is deactivated.
Ferrari | Date: 2015-06-17
An electric power system of a vehicle with electric propulsion having: an electric machine; a storage system provided with two chemical battery packs electrically separated from each other; an electronic DC/AC power converter, which exchanges electric energy with the storage system and controls the electric machine; a pair of electronic DC/DC power converters, each of which increases the voltage and has a low-voltage side, which is electrically connected only and exclusively to a corresponding chemical battery, and a high-voltage side, which is connected to the electronic DC/AC power converter in parallel to the high-voltage side of the other electronic DC/DC power converter; and a common container, which houses the storage system and the electronic power converters therein.
Ferrari | Date: 2014-05-02
An internal combustion engine having: a crankshaft; camshafts that activate intake and exhaust valves; an auxiliary shaft, which rotates in an opposite direction with respect to the crankshaft and is unbalanced so as to act as balancing countershaft; and a mechanical transmission, which receives the movement from the crankshaft and controls the timing by causing the rotation of the camshafts and, at the same time, causes the rotation of the auxiliary shaft.