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Sahasrabudhe M.,Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology | Pathade G.,Fergusson College
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology | Year: 2012

Azo dye Reactive Red 195 was selected for decolourization and degradation studies by Georgenia sp.CC-NMPT-T3. Optimization of parameters for dye decolourization was studied under static anoxic condition. Under optimized condition decolourization of Reactive Red 195 by Georgenia sp.CC-NMPT-T3 was found to be 95.93% at 50 mg/L within five hours in static anoxic condition. The optimum pH and temperature for the decolourization was 7.0 and 40 °C respectively. The biodegradation was monitored by UV-Vis, and TLC and HPLC. Toxicity study demonstrated no toxicity of the biodegraded product. The results suggest that the isolated organism Georgenia sp.CC-NMPT-T3 as a useful tool to treat wastewater containing reactive dyes. Source


Mate M.S.,Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology | Pathade G.,Fergusson College
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Synthetic dyes are extensively used in textile dyeing, paper, printing, colour photography, pharmaceutics, cosmetics and other industries. Among these, azodyes represents the largest and most versatile class of synthetic dyes. As high as 50% of the dyes are released into the environment during manufacture and usage. Traditional methods of treatment are found to be expensive and have operational problems. Biological decolourization has been investigated as a method to transform, degrade or mineralize azo dyes. In the present studies bacteria from soil from dye waste area, dye waste, sewage and dung were subjected to acclimatization with C. I. Reactive Red 195 an azo dye, in the basal nutrient media. The most promising bacterial isolate was used for further dye degradation studies. The 16s rRNA gene sequencing and biochemical characteristics revealed the isolated organism as Enterococcus faecalis strain YZ66. The strain showed 99. 5% decolourization of the selected dye (Reactive Red 195-50 mg/l) within one and half hour in static anoxic condition. The optimum pH and temperature for the decolourization was 5. 0 and 40°C respectively. The biodegradation was monitored by UV-Vis, FTIR, TLC and HPLC. The final products were characterized by Gas chromatography and Mass Spectrophotometry. Toxicity study demonstrated no toxicity of the biodegradation product. The results suggest that the isolated organism E. faecalis strain YZ 66 can be used as a useful tool to treat waste water containing reactive dyes. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Thakur H.V.,Indian Defence Institute of Advanced Technology | Nalawade S.M.,Indian Defence Institute of Advanced Technology | Gupta S.,Indian Defence Institute of Advanced Technology | Kitture R.,Fergusson College | Kale S.N.,Indian Defence Institute of Advanced Technology
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2011

We report a magnetic field sensor having advantages of both photonic crystal fiber and optofluidics, combining them on a single platform by infiltrating small amount of Fe3O4 magnetic optofluid/nanofluid in cladding holes of polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber. We demonstrated that magnetic field of few mT can be easily and very well detected with higher sensitivity of 242 pm/mT. The change in the birefringence values has been correlated to the response of nanofluid to applied field. © 2011 American Institute of Physics. Source


Kitture R.,Fergusson College | Koppikar S.J.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Kaul-Ghanekar R.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Kale S.N.,Indian Defence Institute of Advanced Technology
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids | Year: 2011

Polydispersed ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO1000 and ZnO600) with two different windows of particle size distributions (∼120 and 30 nm) were synthesized using citrate gel route and different annealing treatments (1000 and 600 °C, respectively). Photocatalytic efficiency of these samples was compared with TiO 2 in its commercial form-P25, on two dyes, Methylene blue (MB) and Methyl orange (MO). The X-ray diffraction data showed wrutzite ZnO and anatase and rutile phases of P25. UVvisible absorbance spectra of ZnO1000 showed broad absorption range from UV-to-visible (from 382 to 700 nm), as against sharp absorption peaks in UV range for both ZnO600 and P25. The microstructural morphology as seen through scanning electron micrographs showed ZnO1000 with tetrapod-like structures while the ZnO600 showed almost spherical morphologies. Upon subjecting these catalysts to dye solutions in sunlight it was found that both the dyes were completely decolorised within 20 min by ZnO1000, as against partial decolorisation by ZnO600 and P25 (53% and 78% for MO and 77% and 88% for MB samples). The effect of catalyst loading (from 125 mg to 1 g) on decolorisation showed that ZnO1000 had good efficiency for all concentrations which was followed by P25 and then by ZnO600. Small perturbations are attributed to the competition between sunlight scattering-induced, reduced irradiation field and the exposed surface area offered by catalyst, which work as active sites for decolorisation. The reusability of the catalysts when studied on fresh dye samples (4 trials), the decolorisation efficiency decreased merely from 99.2% to 99.12% for ZnO1000 as compared to ZnO600 (53.3% to 19.94%) and P25 (78.3% to 31.42%), indicating the efficient reusability of ZnO1000. The effective half life of the catalysts, in terms of number of reuses, were calculated and found to be ∼3 for both ZnO600 and P25 and was >3000 for ZnO1000, which justifies its extremely high reuse. The byproduct analysis (compared with standards prescribed by World Health Organisation (WHO) and Central Pollution Control Board of India (CPCB)) showed cleavage of the chromophore and of other bonds with opening of benzene rings, indicating degradation of the dyes in concurrence with decolorisation, in the stipulated time. Further, cytotoxicity studies performed on SiHa cell lines showed non-toxicity of the byproducts with ZnO1000 as compared to ZnO600 and P25. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Mirza Z.A.,Tata Institute of Fundamental Research | Sanap R.V.,Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment | Bhosale H.,Fergusson College
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

The theraphosid spider genera Heterophrictus Pocock, 1900 and Neoheterophrictus Siliwal & Raven, 2012 are rediagnosed in this paper and a new genus, Sahydroaraneus gen. nov. is described from Southern Western Ghats. Four new species (two each of Heterophrictus and Neoheterophrictus) and one of Sahydroaraneus gen. nov. are described from the Western Ghats. Plesiophrictus mahabaleshwari Tikader, 1977 is removed from the synonymy of Heterophrictus milleti Pocock, 1900 and is treated as a junior synonym of Heterophrictus blatteri (Gravely, 1935). Plesiophrictus bhori Gravely, 1915 is transferred to the genus Neoheterophrictus, Neoheterophrictus bhori (Gravely, 1915) new combination. The genus, Sahydroaraneus gen. nov., resembles tarantula belonging to the genus, Neoheterophrictus but differs with respect to structure of tibial apophysis and spermathecae. Detailed ultra-structure of setae type of the Indian Eumenophorinae is presented for the first time along with notes on their biogeography. Common elements among Africa, Madagascar and India like the Eumenophorinae and several other mygalomorph spiders advocate mygalomorphae as an important group for evolutionary investigation due to their inability for long distance dispersal rendering the members restrictive in distribution. © 2014 Mirza et al. Source

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