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Baturin G.N.,RAS Shirshov Institute of Oceanology | Dubinchuk V.T.,RAS Shirshov Institute of Oceanology | Krylov I.O.,Fedorovskii All Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources
Lithology and Mineral Resources

Experiments devoted to interaction between the material of ferromanganese crusts (FMC) of Pacific seamounts and hydrogen sulfide at temperatures ranging from 100 to 600°C unraveled the formation of pyrite microcrystals at 100°C. Upon heating, the pyrite acquires more perfect crystalline form at 200°C and breaks down at 600°C. The formation and breakdown of magnetite take place according to the same similar scenario. At 200°C, one can see the formation of lumpy aggregates of the slightly crystallized alabandine transformed at 600°C into lamellar crystals, which accumulate the whole Mn and part of Fe hosted in rock. At maximal temperature, platinum and gold are crystallized selectively as lamellar particles and native sulfur is accumulated. The composition of these newly formed minerals is incomparable with the mineralogy of natural FMCs. This is inconsistent with the assumption about the possible influence of hypothetic hydrosulfuric emanations on the formation of minerals mentioned above. However, experimental results demonstrate an extremely high sorption capacity of FMCs relative to hydrogen sulfide, suggesting great prospects of the practical application of FMCs for the industrial and ecological purposes. © 2010 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

Nikitina E.S.,Moscow State University | Prokhorov D.A.,Fedorovskii All Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources
Moscow University Geology Bulletin

This work presents the geological structure of the Neogen uranium-bearing ore sedimentary strata that filled the paleovalleys of the Koretkonde deposit. As a result of work we carried out, productive deposits were stratigraphically divided, the patterns of the localization of uranium mineralization were studied, and lithological and mineralogical ore-controlling factors were revealed. The main mineral phases of uranium were identified with scanning-electron microscopy and microprobe studies. In the future, a more detailed study of the deposits is planned in order to reveal methods for improving the efficiency of their exploration and organize the search for uranium deposits of such a type within the Vitim uranium-bearing ore region to expand the mineral resource base of Russia. © 2012 Allerton Press, Inc. Source

Mashkovtsev G.A.,Fedorovskii All Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources | Miguta A.K.,Fedorovskii All Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources | Shchetochkin V.N.,Fedorovskii All Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources
Geology of Ore Deposits

The exhaustion of known surface and near-surface high-grade uranium deposits poses the serious problem of prospecting and exploration of new large endogenic deposits. A comparison of large data sets for endogenic deposits from the world’s major uranium districts allowed the authors to develop an evolutionary geological model of large-scale uranium ore genesis, which reflects the succession and nature of preore, ore-forming, and post-ore processes. The study reveals a combination of general (recurrent) factors controlling the formation of ore districts with large-scale uranium mineralization regardless of the genesis and timing of the mineralization. At the same time, these factors depend on the regional setting and can vary considerably among deposits of the same type localized in different tectonic blocks with different characteristics and structural evolution. In connection with this, the exploration of major genetic types of deposits requires the application of specified criteria. Along with the consideration of the evolutionary geological model of ore formation, the study discusses a variety of tectono-magmatic, mineralogical, geochemical, radiogeochemical, and physicochemical factors and indications in three uranium districts (the Streltsovskoe, Elkon, and Central Ukrainian districts), which can form the basis for further uranium prospecting and exploration. Using a combination of favorable prerequisite conditions the study compares the possibilities for the discovery of large endogenic uranium deposits in several regions of Russia. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

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