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Rome, Italy

Juuti P.S.,University of Tampere | Antoniou G.P.,National Technical University of Athens | Dragoni W.,University of Perugia | El-Gohary F.,National Research Center of Egypt | And 6 more authors.
Water (Switzerland) | Year: 2015

Water fountains are part of every human settlement, and historical and mythological stories. They are the source from which life-sustaining water was distributed to people until piped systems started providing fresh tap water inside buildings. In many places, people visit fountains to experience the freshness of running water, to prepare for prayers, or to make a wish. Fountains have also provided water for the people of cities under siege, and purified believers as part of holy rites. The Castalia shrine in Delphi, Greece, for its part, is a spot where various groups of people come to socialize, which greatly improves the quality of their lives. This paper is a look back through the history of fountains in various parts of the world. Experts from various areas have identified the historic, cultural, and ritualistic aspects of fountains and their findings are summarized. The paper concludes by providing a glimpse into the role of fountains in modern society and their continued influence in our lives today. © 2015 by the authors. Source

Drusiani R.,Federutility | Gatta M.,Federutility | Gerelli G.G.,Federutility
Water Science and Technology: Water Supply | Year: 2013

This report highlights the need for policies targeted to sustainable use of water, which, at the same time, affect water service providers and the environment. Experience from several European countries can help us to identify efficient regulation mechanisms and the effect they could have on the Italian water sector. Some elements of United Kingdom regulation and some of the energy regulation in Italy are analysed. An Energy Savings Certificates approach is also investigated. © IWA Publishing 2013. Source

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