San Miguel de Cauri, Peru

Federico Villarreal National University

www.unfv.edu.pe
San Miguel de Cauri, Peru
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Maya-Jariego I.,University of Seville | Querevalu-Minan J.F.,Federico Villarreal National University | Varela L.G.,Federico Villarreal National University | Avila J.,Federico Villarreal National University
Marine Policy | Year: 2017

Artisanal fishing communities are often in conflict with the interests of the oil extraction industry, industrial fishing fleets and tourism. This paper considers Lobitos, a fishing enclave in northern Peru, where the oldest oil settlement in Latin America was established. The primary focus is community organization and development of the fisheries. Using a mixed methods approach, intensive ethnographic observation and analysis of the social networks of the skippers of small-scale fishing vessels was conducted by in-depth interviews with 30 artisanal fishermen, together with a social network survey involving 43 boat captains in Lobitos. The results showed the mistrust and negative attitudes of fishermen towards oil companies and the industrial fishing fleet. However, they expressed positive expectations regarding tourism development, as well as favorable attitudes towards the diversification of fishing activity through tourist services. The networks of acquaintances, social support and exchange of ecological information allowed us to identify three different groups of fishermen according to preferential fishing zones. The skippers of vessels that prefer to fish in intermediate zones have a prominent role, both in terms of local leadership and through the connection with boats belonging to other bays near Lobitos. This subgroup acts as an intermediary in the networks a whole and has an integrated vision of the coastal ecosystem. Network measures and preferential fishing zones can be used as indicators to assess the degree of availability and preparation for the implementation of new uses in the fisheries sector associated with tourism and heritage. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Cardenas-Quintana H.,Agrarian National University | Cardenas-Quintana H.,Federico Villarreal National University | Roldan-Arbieto L.,Saint Ignatius of Loyola University
Revista Chilena de Nutricion | Year: 2017

Objective: To determine the prevalence of anemia in elderly adults living in Metropolitan Lima (ML), classified according to socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: We sampled 300 elderly residents in Lima using a household sampling plan with uniform distribution in different SES groups. Hemoglobin (Hb) levels were assessed by photometric analysis of capillary blood samples using the HemoCue® system. Anemia was defined using reference values Hb<13 g/dL for males and Hb<12 g/dL for females. Results: The overall Hb (mean ± SD) for men in this elderly population in ML was 13.5±1.8 g/dL compared to 12.7±1.3 g/dL in women. No significant differences in the mean Hb concentration by sex (p= 0.205) were observed. Prevalence of anemia for men and women was 30.5% and 23.8%. The prevalence of anemia in the low, medium and high SES groups was 26.0% (17.3-34.7), 29.0% (20.0-38.0) and 25.0% (16.4-33.6), respectively, (p= 0.801). Conclusions: Anemia prevalence in this elderly metropolitan population was not different among different socioeconomic status groups. © 2017, Sociedad Chilena de Nutricion Bromatologia y Toxilogica. All rights reserved.


del Aguila Villar C.M.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Del Nino | del Aguila Villar C.M.,Federico Villarreal National University
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica | Year: 2017

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents represents an emerging public health problem in Peru, so it is necessary to be aware of the different risk factors in order to establish suitable and efficient prevention measures. These should contribute to health strategies such as promoting physical activity and a healthy diet to ensure that the infant population reaches adulthood without chronic diseases and with an adequate quality of life. © 2017, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved.


Leke R.J.I.,University of Yaounde I | Padilla de Gil M.,Social Security Institute | Tavara L.,Federico Villarreal National University
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2010

The Working Group of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) on the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences received a mandate to contribute to reduce the number of women who have to resort to induced abortion and the maternal mortality and morbidity associated with unsafe abortion by minimizing unintended pregnancies, improving access to safe abortion services, and increasing the quality of and access to post-abortion care, including post-abortion contraception. A project proposal was prepared and approved by an anonymous donor, funding a structure headed by a general coordinator, the Chair of the Working Group, together with 6 regional coordinators and 1 assistant regional coordinator, plus 43 focal points nominated by the participating societies. A situational analysis of induced/unsafe abortion for each country was prepared by the focal points with the technical support of the Guttmacher Institute, and a plan of action based on the findings of the analysis. The situational analysis and plans of action were discussed at 7 regional workshops held between June and August, 2008. Fifty-four member societies nominated a focal point, 48 attended the regional workshops, and 43 had a plan of action approved by their governments and respective societies. The plans of action are currently in the process of implementation, with the collaboration of a number of national and international agencies and organizations. © 2010.


Becerra M.R.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Del Nino | Tantalean J.A.,Federico Villarreal National University | Suarez V.J.,César Vallejo University | Alvarado M.C.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Del Nino | And 2 more authors.
BMC Pediatrics | Year: 2010

Background: Nosocomial Infections (NI) are a frequent and relevant problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology of the three most common NI in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit from a developing country.Methods: We performed a prospective study in a single Pediatric Intensive Care Unit during 12 months. Children were assessed for 3 NI: bloodstream infections (BSI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and urinary tract infections (UTI), according to Center for Disease Control criteria. Use of devices (endotracheal tube [ETT], central venous catheter [CVC] and urinary catheter [UC]) was recorded.Results: Four hundred fourteen patients were admitted; 81 patients (19.5%) developed 85 NIs. Density of incidence of BSI, VAP and UTI was 18.1, 7.9 and 5.1/1000 days of use of CVC, ETT and UC respectively. BSI was more common in children with CVCs than in those without CVCs (20% vs. 4.7%, p < 0.05). Candida spp. was the commonest microorganism in BSI (41%), followed by Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (17%). Pseudomonas (52%) was the most common germ for VAP and Candida (71%) for UTI. The presence of NI was associated with increased mortality (38.2% vs. 20.4% in children without NI; p < 0.001) and the median length of ICU stay (23 vs. 6 days in children without NI; p < 0.001). Children with NI had longer average hospital stay previous to diagnosis of this condition (12.3 vs. 6 days; p < 0.001).Conclusions: One of every 5 children acquires an NI in the PICU. Its presence was associated with increased mortality and length of stay. At the same time a longer stay was associated with an increased risk of developing NI. © 2010 Becerra et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | University of Otago, J. Craig Venter Institute, ZedX Inc., Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg and 9 more.
Type: | Journal: Trends in ecology & evolution | Year: 2016

Evidence indicates that, despite some critical successes, current conservation approaches are not slowing the overall rate of biodiversity loss. The field of synthetic biology, which is capable of altering natural genomes with extremely precise editing, might offer the potential to resolve some intractable conservation problems (e.g., invasive species or pathogens). However, it is our opinion that there has been insufficient engagement by the conservation community with practitioners of synthetic biology. We contend that rapid, large-scale engagement of these two communities is urgently needed to avoid unintended and deleterious ecological consequences. To this point we describe case studies where synthetic biology is currently being applied to conservation, and we highlight the benefits to conservation biologists from engaging with this emerging technology.


Breure A.S.H.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center | Breure A.S.H.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences | Avila V.M.,Federico Villarreal National University
ZooKeys | Year: 2016

A faunal overview is presented of the molluscan families Amphibulimidae, Megaspiridae, Odontostomidae, Orthalicidae, Simpulopsidae in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. These Central Andean countries are known for their biodiverse malacofauna, of which the superfamily Orthalicoidea takes relatively a large share. In this paper the five families containing 103 (sub)species, for which systematic information (original publication, type locality, type depository, summarizing literature) and distributional records are presented. All species are illustrated by photographs of the type material or, if this could not be located, by a reproduction of the original figure. The following new taxon is introduced: Thaumastus (Thaumastus) sumaqwayqu sp. n. Junior subjective synonyms are established for: Plekocheilus (Sparnotion) Pilsbry, 1944 = Plekocheilus (Eudolichotis) Pilsbry, 1896; Scholvienia (Thomsenia) Strebel, 1910 = Scholvienia Strebel, 1910; Sultana (Trachyorthalicus) Strebel, 1909 = Sultana (Metorthalicus) Pilsbry, 1899; Plekocheilus (Eurytus) conspicuus Pilsbry, 1932 = Thaumastus (Thaumastus) hartwegi (Pfeiffer in Philippi, 1846); Zebra gruneri Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus maracaibensis (Pfeiffer, 1856); Scholvienia jaspidea minor Strebel, 1910 = Scholvienia alutacea (Reeve, 1850); Bulimus bifasciatus unicolor Philippi, 1869 = Scholvienia brephoides (d’Orbigny, 1835). A new status is given to Plekocheilus mcgintyi ‘Pilsbry’ H.B. Baker, 1963 (subspecies of Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837); Strophocheilus superstriatus var. prodeflexus Pilsbry, 1895 (subspecies of Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837); Thaumastus (Quechua) salteri maximus Weyrauch, 1967 (subspecies of Thaumastus (Quechua) olmosensis Zilch, 1954); Pseudoglandina agitata Weyrauch, 1967 (nomen inquirendum). New combinations are: Clathrorthalicus corydon (Crosse, 1869), and Cyclodontina chuquisacana (Marshall, 1930). Lectotypes are now designated for Bulimus incisus Hupé, 1857 and Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837. © Abraham S.H. Breure, Valentín M. Avila.


Cardoso F.,National Major San Marcos University | Paredes C.,National Major San Marcos University | Mogollon V.,Federico Villarreal National University
Revista Peruana de Biologia | Year: 2016

The family Chamidae in Peru is revised, which includes eleven species, distributed in the genus Arcinella Schumacker, 1817 and Chama Linnaeus, 1758. Chama frondosa Broderip, 1835, Chama granti (Strong, 1934), Chama hicksi Valentich-Scott & Coan, 2010, Chama janus Reeve, 1847 and Chama producta Broderip, 1835 are recorded for the first time. Descriptions and data about distribution, ecology and other remarks are given for all species. © 2016 Los autores.


PubMed | National Major San Marcos University, Federico Villarreal National University and National Hospital Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen
Type: | Journal: Case reports in psychiatry | Year: 2017

Jules Cotard described, in 1880, the case of a patient characterized by delusions of negation, immortality, and guilt as well as melancholic anxiety among other clinical features. Later this constellation of symptoms was given the eponym Cotards syndrome, going through a series of theoretical vicissitudes, considering itself currently as just the presence of nihilistic delusions. The presentation of the complete clinical features described by Cotard is a rare occurrence, especially in the context of schizophrenia. Here we present the case of a 50-year-old male patient with schizophrenia who developed Cotards syndrome. The patient was treated with aripiprazole, showing improvement after two weeks of treatment. A review of the literature is performed about this case.


PubMed | Federico Villarreal National University and Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences
Type: | Journal: ZooKeys | Year: 2016

A faunal overview is presented of the molluscan families Amphibulimidae, Megaspiridae, Odontostomidae, Orthalicidae, Simpulopsidae in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. These Central Andean countries are known for their biodiverse malacofauna, of which the superfamily Orthalicoidea takes relatively a large share. In this paper the five families containing 103 (sub)species, for which systematic information (original publication, type locality, type depository, summarizing literature) and distributional records are presented. All species are illustrated by photographs of the type material or, if this could not be located, by a reproduction of the original figure. The following new taxon is introduced: Thaumastus (Thaumastus) sumaqwayqu sp. n. Junior subjective synonyms are established for: Plekocheilus (Sparnotion) Pilsbry, 1944 = Plekocheilus (Eudolichotis) Pilsbry, 1896; Scholvienia (Thomsenia) Strebel, 1910 = Scholvienia Strebel, 1910; Sultana (Trachyorthalicus) Strebel, 1909 = Sultana (Metorthalicus) Pilsbry, 1899; Plekocheilus (Eurytus) conspicuus Pilsbry, 1932 = Thaumastus (Thaumastus) hartwegi (Pfeiffer in Philippi, 1846); Zebra gruneri Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus maracaibensis (Pfeiffer, 1856); Scholvienia jaspidea minor Strebel, 1910 = Scholvienia alutacea (Reeve, 1850); Bulimus bifasciatus unicolor Philippi, 1869 = Scholvienia brephoides (dOrbigny, 1835). A new status is given to Plekocheilus mcgintyi Pilsbry H.B. Baker, 1963 (subspecies of Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837); Strophocheilus superstriatus var. prodeflexus Pilsbry, 1895 (subspecies of Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837); Thaumastus (Quechua) salteri maximus Weyrauch, 1967 (subspecies of Thaumastus (Quechua) olmosensis Zilch, 1954); Pseudoglandina agitata Weyrauch, 1967 (nomen inquirendum). New combinations are: Clathrorthalicus corydon (Crosse, 1869), and Cyclodontina chuquisacana (Marshall, 1930). Lectotypes are now designated for Bulimus incisus Hup, 1857 and Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837.

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