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San Miguel de Cauri, Peru

Breure A.S.H.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center | Breure A.S.H.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences | Avila V.M.,Federico Villarreal National University
ZooKeys | Year: 2016

A faunal overview is presented of the molluscan families Amphibulimidae, Megaspiridae, Odontostomidae, Orthalicidae, Simpulopsidae in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. These Central Andean countries are known for their biodiverse malacofauna, of which the superfamily Orthalicoidea takes relatively a large share. In this paper the five families containing 103 (sub)species, for which systematic information (original publication, type locality, type depository, summarizing literature) and distributional records are presented. All species are illustrated by photographs of the type material or, if this could not be located, by a reproduction of the original figure. The following new taxon is introduced: Thaumastus (Thaumastus) sumaqwayqu sp. n. Junior subjective synonyms are established for: Plekocheilus (Sparnotion) Pilsbry, 1944 = Plekocheilus (Eudolichotis) Pilsbry, 1896; Scholvienia (Thomsenia) Strebel, 1910 = Scholvienia Strebel, 1910; Sultana (Trachyorthalicus) Strebel, 1909 = Sultana (Metorthalicus) Pilsbry, 1899; Plekocheilus (Eurytus) conspicuus Pilsbry, 1932 = Thaumastus (Thaumastus) hartwegi (Pfeiffer in Philippi, 1846); Zebra gruneri Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus maracaibensis (Pfeiffer, 1856); Scholvienia jaspidea minor Strebel, 1910 = Scholvienia alutacea (Reeve, 1850); Bulimus bifasciatus unicolor Philippi, 1869 = Scholvienia brephoides (d’Orbigny, 1835). A new status is given to Plekocheilus mcgintyi ‘Pilsbry’ H.B. Baker, 1963 (subspecies of Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837); Strophocheilus superstriatus var. prodeflexus Pilsbry, 1895 (subspecies of Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837); Thaumastus (Quechua) salteri maximus Weyrauch, 1967 (subspecies of Thaumastus (Quechua) olmosensis Zilch, 1954); Pseudoglandina agitata Weyrauch, 1967 (nomen inquirendum). New combinations are: Clathrorthalicus corydon (Crosse, 1869), and Cyclodontina chuquisacana (Marshall, 1930). Lectotypes are now designated for Bulimus incisus Hupé, 1857 and Bulinus piperitus Sowerby I, 1837. © Abraham S.H. Breure, Valentín M. Avila. Source

Cardenas-Quintana H.,Federico Villarreal National University | Roldan Arbieto L.,Saint Ignatius of Loyola University
Revista Chilena de Nutricion | Year: 2013

Objective: To determine the nutritional status of non-institutionalized elderly (NE) and their relationship with different socioeconomic conditions. Method: 300 NE residents of Metropolitan Lima from different socioeconomic levels were randomly selected. The nutritional status was determined using Body Mass Index (BMI) and brachial perimeter. The NE was classified according to BMI: normal from 22 to 27, overweight from 27.1 to 29.9 and obesity ≥ 30 kg/m2. The dietary intake was evaluated with a reminder survey of 24 hours. Results: The prevalence of overweight was 48.3% (26% overweight and 22.3% obese) without significant differences between socioeconomic levels (SS) (p=0.088). Greater obesity in women than in men was observed with significant differences between SS (p=0.030). The highest prevalence of obesity was observed in females of SS medium (32%). The SS significantly influenced lipid consumption, vitamin C and calcium. The consumption of energy, protein, carbohydrates, fiber, iron and phosphorus, did not differ significantly with SS. Conclusions: The nutritional status and nutrient intake of NE showed no relation with socioeconomic level. Source

Davalos J.Z.,CSIC - Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" | Guerrero A.,University of California at Davis | Valderrama-Negron A.C.,University of Lima | Romero V.,Federico Villarreal National University | Lago A.F.,Federal University of ABC
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics | Year: 2016

Theoretical and experimental studies on the energetics, structure and other physicochemical properties of neutral 1-phenylethanol (1OH), diphenylmethanol (2OH) and triphenylmethanol (3OH) and their corresponding deprotonated anions (oxyanions, formed by deprotonation of the OH group) are reported in this work. The standard enthalpies of formation in the gas phase at T = 298.15 K, ΔfHm0(g) have been determined. Quantum chemical calculations, at the DFT (particularly M05-2X method) and in some cases at the ab initio (G3) levels, have shed light on structural and electronic effects on the thermodynamic stability and intrinsic acidity of the studied compounds. These calculations confirmed the excellent consistency of the experimental results. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Leke R.J.I.,University of Yaounde I | Padilla de Gil M.,Social Security Institute | Tavara L.,Federico Villarreal National University
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2010

The Working Group of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) on the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences received a mandate to contribute to reduce the number of women who have to resort to induced abortion and the maternal mortality and morbidity associated with unsafe abortion by minimizing unintended pregnancies, improving access to safe abortion services, and increasing the quality of and access to post-abortion care, including post-abortion contraception. A project proposal was prepared and approved by an anonymous donor, funding a structure headed by a general coordinator, the Chair of the Working Group, together with 6 regional coordinators and 1 assistant regional coordinator, plus 43 focal points nominated by the participating societies. A situational analysis of induced/unsafe abortion for each country was prepared by the focal points with the technical support of the Guttmacher Institute, and a plan of action based on the findings of the analysis. The situational analysis and plans of action were discussed at 7 regional workshops held between June and August, 2008. Fifty-four member societies nominated a focal point, 48 attended the regional workshops, and 43 had a plan of action approved by their governments and respective societies. The plans of action are currently in the process of implementation, with the collaboration of a number of national and international agencies and organizations. © 2010. Source

Becerra M.R.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Del Nino | Tantalean J.A.,Federico Villarreal National University | Suarez V.J.,Cesar Vallejo University | Alvarado M.C.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Del Nino | And 2 more authors.
BMC Pediatrics | Year: 2010

Background: Nosocomial Infections (NI) are a frequent and relevant problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology of the three most common NI in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit from a developing country.Methods: We performed a prospective study in a single Pediatric Intensive Care Unit during 12 months. Children were assessed for 3 NI: bloodstream infections (BSI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and urinary tract infections (UTI), according to Center for Disease Control criteria. Use of devices (endotracheal tube [ETT], central venous catheter [CVC] and urinary catheter [UC]) was recorded.Results: Four hundred fourteen patients were admitted; 81 patients (19.5%) developed 85 NIs. Density of incidence of BSI, VAP and UTI was 18.1, 7.9 and 5.1/1000 days of use of CVC, ETT and UC respectively. BSI was more common in children with CVCs than in those without CVCs (20% vs. 4.7%, p < 0.05). Candida spp. was the commonest microorganism in BSI (41%), followed by Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (17%). Pseudomonas (52%) was the most common germ for VAP and Candida (71%) for UTI. The presence of NI was associated with increased mortality (38.2% vs. 20.4% in children without NI; p < 0.001) and the median length of ICU stay (23 vs. 6 days in children without NI; p < 0.001). Children with NI had longer average hospital stay previous to diagnosis of this condition (12.3 vs. 6 days; p < 0.001).Conclusions: One of every 5 children acquires an NI in the PICU. Its presence was associated with increased mortality and length of stay. At the same time a longer stay was associated with an increased risk of developing NI. © 2010 Becerra et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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