Ferrari E.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Monzani R.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Villella V.R.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Esposito S.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
And 13 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2017
Cystic fibrosis (CF), the most common lethal monogenic disease in Caucasians, is characterized by recurrent bacterial infections and colonization, mainly by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, resulting in unresolved airway inflammation. CF is caused by mutations in the gene coding for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, which functions as a chloride channel in epithelial cells, macrophages, and other cell types. Impaired bacterial handling by macrophages is a feature of CF airways, although it is still debated how defective CFTR impairs bacterial killing. Recent evidence indicates that a defective autophagy in CF macrophages leads to alterations of bacterial clearance upon infection. Here we use bone marrow-derived macrophages from transgenic mice to provide the genetic proof that defective CFTR compromises both uptake and clearance of internalized Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We demonstrate that the proteostasis regulator cysteamine, which rescues the function of the most common F508del-CFTRmutant and hence reduces lung inflammation in CF patients, can also repair the defects of CFmacrophages, thus restoring both bacterial internalization and clearance through a process that involves upregulation of the pro-autophagic protein Beclin 1 and re-establishment of the autophagic pathway. Altogether these results indicate that cysteamine restores the function of several distinct cell types, including that of macrophages, which might contribute to its beneficial effects on CF.
PubMed | University of Salerno and Federico University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale | Year: 2016
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of the SMAS flap in patients with benign tumours of the parotid gland treated by superficial parotidectomy. We carried out a retrospective chart review on 123 patients suffering from benign tumours of the parotid gland admitted to our Institution between March 1997 and March 2010. A superficial parotidectomy was performed in all the cases reported. Our sample was divided in two groups basing SMAS flap reconstruction done (Group 2) or not (Group 1) after superficial parotidectomy. Reconstruction using SMAS flap was accomplished in 64 patients. Chi-square test was used to assess statistical difference between the two groups. The level of statistical significance was P < 0.05. No significant differences concerning hematoma, wound infection and facial paralysis were observed between the first and second group (3.38 vs 1.56% [P > 0.05], 8.47% vs 4.68% [P > 0.05], 5.08% vs 0.00% [P > 0.05]). Transient facial nerve weakness, fistula, dip skin and Freys syndrome were significantly more frequent without SMAS flap reconstruction (10.16% vs 3.125% [P < 0.05], 13.55% vs 3.125% [P < 0.05], 13.55% vs 3.125% [P < 0.05], 20.33% vs 0% [P < 0.05] respectively). The use of the SMAS flap is able to reduce the cosmetic and functional complications that occur after the removal of a benign tumour of the parotid through the superficial parotidectomy technique, above all, it reduces the occurrence of Freys syndrome.
Pivonello R.,Federico University |
Pivonello R.,University of Naples Federico II |
De Martino M.C.,Federico University |
Auriemma R.S.,Federico University |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation | Year: 2014
Pregnancy is becoming a relatively common event in patients with pituitary tumors (PT), due to the increasing availability of medical treatments, which control pituitary diseases associated with the development of PT. However, the presence of PT and its treatment may be a disturbing factor for pregnancy, and pregnancy significantly influences the course and the management of PT. This review summarizes the knowledge about the management of PT during pregnancy and the occurrence of pregnancy in patients with pre-existent PT, focusing on secreting PT characterized by hormonal excess and on clinically non-functioning PT often associated to hormone deficiency, which configure the hypopituitaric syndrome. © Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2014.