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News Article | October 23, 2016

Does the nuclear physics paper hoax suggest lazy peer editing, or predatory behavior on the part of academic organizations? What crisis? Moscow plays it cool on Flynn’s firing, missile launch, and campaign allegations (+video) Ever wonder what Winston Churchill thought of aliens? As Kellyanne Conway's credibility wanes, what should TV news shows do? (+video) This is a short demonstration on how I wrote a paper on nuclear physics that was accepted at a scientific conference. Next month, Dr. Iris Pear will present her groundbreaking new study at the International Conference on Atomic and Nuclear Physics. Or at least she would, if she were a real person. Iris Pear – a play on “Siri Apple” – is the invention of Christophe Bartneck, an associate professor of computer science at New Zealand's University of Canterbury. The study in question is completely nonsensical, procedurally generated by iOS’s autocomplete function. Why, then, did a conference for “leading academic scientists” select it for presentation? On Thursday, Dr. Bartneck received an invitation to submit research for an upcoming conference on nuclear physics. With virtually no background in the subject, he decided to use autocomplete to help write his facetious submission. “I started a sentence with ‘atomic’ or ‘nuclear’ and then randomly hit the autocomplete suggestions,” Bartneck wrote in a blog post. “The text really does not make any sense.” Aside from a sprinkling of scientific buzzwords, Bartneck’s abstract is both off-topic and unreadable. One passage reads: And yet, Bartneck received a follow-up email just three hours later – his abstract had been accepted. From there, he could pay $1,099 to register as an academic speaker at the Atlanta, Ga. convention. “I did not complete this step since my university would certainly object to me wasting money this way,” Bartneck told the Guardian Australia. “My impression is that this is not a particularly good conference.” Bartneck’s study calls to mind other prominent hoaxes, such as the so-called “Sokal affair.” In 1996, the humanities journal Social Text published a study titled, "Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity" by New York University physics professor Alan Sokal, whose paper was actually an experiment designed to test the journal’s political biases and intellectual rigor. Using logical fallacies and pseudoscientific gibberish, it argued that quantum gravity is a social construct. New research suggests that many journals are slacking on peer review. In a kind of meta-study, Harvard biologist and science journalist John Bohannon submitted false studies to 304 open-access journals. More than half accepted his paper, which featured fake names and several basic chemistry errors. But the acceptance of Bartneck’s fake study may be less surprising. Between its poorly designed website, open calls for abstracts, and vague location, the conference smacks of a scam. It wouldn’t be the first organization that tried to capitalize on scientists’ need to publish. In 2014, the International Journal of Advanced Computer Technology accepted a submission titled “Get Me Off Your [expletive] Mailing List." The “study,” which simply repeats the titular phrase for several pages, was submitted by Peter Vamplew, a lecturer of computer science at Federation University in Victoria after receiving unsolicited requests from the journal. “They’re predatory journals, preying on young, inexperienced researchers who unwittingly don’t realise they’re of questionable quality,” Vamplew told the Guardian.

Wells J.R.,Monash University | Ting K.M.,Federation University | Washio T.,Osaka University
Pattern Recognition | Year: 2014

Despite their wide spread use, nearest neighbour density estimators have two fundamental limitations: O(n2) time complexity and O(n) space complexity. Both limitations constrain nearest neighbour density estimators to small data sets only. Recent progress using indexing schemes has improved to near linear time complexity only. We propose a new approach, called LiNearN for Linear time Nearest Neighbour algorithm, that yields the first nearest neighbour density estimator having O(n) time complexity and constant space complexity, as far as we know. This is achieved without using any indexing scheme because LiNearN uses a subsampling approach for which the subsample values are significantly less than the data size. Like existing density estimators, our asymptotic analysis reveals that the new density estimator has a parameter to trade off between bias and variance. We show that algorithms based on the new nearest neighbour density estimator can easily scale up to data sets with millions of instances in anomaly detection and clustering tasks. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Khorshidi H.A.,Monash University | Gunawan I.,Federation University | Ibrahim M.Y.,Federation University
Engineering Economist | Year: 2015

A new reliability evaluation methodology for multistate weighted k-out-of-n systems is presented in this article. The present value of the cash flow generated by the system components is used as a reliability value. We take a financial view of reliability and consider functioning periods and the time value of money in system reliability analysis. Two approaches, the universal generating function (UGF) and recursive algorithm, are applied to evaluate the reliability of the multistate weighted k-out-of-n system. An illustrative example is calculated based on the proposed system reliability evaluation methodology. It is shown that this evaluation method can also be used to find the value of the maintenance policy. Finally, the UGF and recursive algorithm approaches are compared with each other for large system reliability assessment. © 2015 Institute of Industrial Engineers.

Gomez R.,Federation University | Corr P.J.,City University London
Clinical Psychology Review | Year: 2014

We report a meta-analysis of up to 40 data sets that examined the personality dimensions in the Five-Factor Model (FFM) and the integrated Five-Factor Model (IFFM) in relation to ADHD symptom domains of inattention (IA) and hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI). The IFFM incorporated the dimensions of other personality models (in particular, those of Eysenck, Tellegen, and Cloninger, as well as the FFM). Major findings were: (1) IA and HI were both associated with low conscientious inhibition/conscientiousness, and low agreeable inhibition/agreeableness, and with high negative emotionality/neuroticism; (2) conscientious inhibition and conscientiousness were more strongly related to IA than HI; (3) agreeable inhibition and agreeableness were more strongly related to HI than IA; and (4) the association of conscientious inhibition and conscientiousness with HI was moderated by age group and source from where participants were recruited (associations were stronger in children than adults, and clinical samples than community samples). These findings are discussed in relation to single and multiple pathway theories, underlying factors and processes for the personality-ADHD link, and clinical implications. © 2014.

Page E.,Federation University | Shute R.,Flinders University | McLachlan A.,Federation University
Journal of Interpersonal Violence | Year: 2015

This preliminary study applied Self-Categorization Theory (SCT) to the sexual bullying of high school girls by boys. Seventy-five Year 9 boys responded to vignettes portraying sexual bullying in which gender was a more or a less salient feature of the social context described. As predicted, boys were more likely to engage in sexual bullying when gender was more salient. Masculine sex role was not correlated with engagement in sexual bullying. Controlling for social desirability, pro-bullying attitude was predictive of such engagement, but only when the social context rendered gender less salient. This suggests the power of the perceived social context for determining which individual characteristics will gain expression. It is concluded that SCT is a promising avenue for advancing understanding of bullying, a field of research that has previously largely lacked a theoretical focus. © The Author(s) 2014.

Raysmith B.P.,Australian Institute of Sport | Drew M.K.,Australian Institute of Sport | Drew M.K.,Federation University
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport | Year: 2016

Objectives: To investigate the impact of training modification on achieving performance goals. Previous research demonstrates an inverse relationship between injury burden and success in team sports. It is unknown whether this relationship exists within individual sport such as athletics. Design: A prospective, cohort study (n = 33 International Track and Field Athletes; 76 athlete seasons) across five international competition seasons. Methods: Athlete training status was recorded weekly over a 5-year period. Over the 6-month preparation season, relationships between training weeks completed, the number of injury/illness events and the success or failure of a performance goal at major championships was investigated. Two-by-two table were constructed and attributable risks in the exposed (AFE) calculated. A mixed-model, logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between failure and burden per injury/illness. Receiver Operator Curve (ROC) analysis was performed to ascertain the optimal threshold of training week completion to maximise the chance of success. Results: Likelihood of achieving a performance goal increased by 7-times in those that completed >80% of planned training weeks (AUC, 0.72; 95%CI 0.64-0.81). Training availability accounted for 86% of successful seasons (AFE = 0.86, 95%CI, 0.46 to 0.96). The majority of new injuries occurred within the first month of the preparation season (30%) and most illnesses occurred within 2-months of the event (50%). For every modified training week the chance of success significantly reduced (OR = 0.74, 95%CI 0.58 to 0.94). Conclusions: Injuries and illnesses, and their influence on training availability, during preparation are major determinants of an athlete's chance of performance goal success or failure at the international level. © 2016 Sports Medicine Australia.

Background: This study evaluated the measurement invariance and agreement across parent and teacher ratings of the DSM-IV-TR oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms. Method: Malaysian parents and teachers of 934 children (between 6 and 11 years of age) completed rating scales comprising the ODD symptoms. Results: Findings showed support for full measurement invariance (configural, metric and thresholds). Additional results indicated low parent-teacher agreement for all symptoms. Discussion: The theoretical and clinical and implications of these findings are discussed. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Lynch T.,Federation University
European Physical Education Review | Year: 2014

It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one curriculum framework for health and physical education (HPE), currently under review. This paper explores the history of Australian curriculum reform in the HPE key learning area, revealing that the present review offers an opportunity to focus on the vital ‘implementation’ stage which seems to be continually overlooked. © The Author(s) 2014.

Eklund E.,Federation University
Extractive Industries and Society | Year: 2015

The article sets out to provide an historical survey of the industry-community relationship in the Australian mining industry. The mining industry had a vital role in encouraging population growth, regional development, and industrial diversification. The relationship is understood through three key themes. Firstly, the industry-community relationship was underpinned by geology. Since ore was often found across large areas, mineral 'regions' developed. Secondly, the industry-community relationship was specific to particular places in the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century. Mining towns became very distinctive communities that shared economic and social characteristics. Thirdly, the industry-community relationship did not finish at the town limits. The history of the mining industry in Australia offers a strong case for exploring the effects of both global and local impacts. Communities were heavily influenced by local economic and geological realities but as the twentieth century progressed the close geographical relationship between industry and community began to disperse with wider regional and interstate effects. The article posits 'community' as a description of a geographically specific social formation, but this final theme moves towards seeing 'community' as a wider concept transcending place and geography. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Although research has examined population growth and decline using functional specialisation, little attention has been paid to the possible combined effects of functional specialisation and socio-economic factors on population change. Using the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census Data 2001–2006 for statistical local areas, this study presents an investigation of the role of both functional specialisation and socio-economic factors in population change in non-metropolitan areas under the sustenance framework. The uniqueness of the study is twofold. Conceptually it develops a framework to compare the combined role of functional specialisation and socio-economic factors on population change; and, empirically it uses data mining (cluster analysis) techniques to investigate the extent of this combined role. The results show the significance of both functional specialisation and socio-economic factors. Policy implications of the study indicate the need to examine regional development and population change in relation to functional specialisation and socio-economic factors and their impact on viability of non-metropolitan areas. © Urban Studies Journal Limited 2015.

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