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Besançon, France

Bujan L.,University Paul Sabatier | Walschaerts M.,University Paul Sabatier | Brugnon F.,Federation Francaise des CECOS | Brugnon F.,Universitary Hospital Estaing | And 13 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2014

Objective To determine consequences of lymphoma treatments on sperm characteristics and sperm DNA, and to evaluate predictors of sperm recovery. Design Multicenter prospective longitudinal study of patients analyzed before treatment and after 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Setting University hospitals. Patient(s) Seventy-five Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients and a control group of 257 fertile men. Intervention(s) Semen analyses, and sperm DNA and chromatin assessments. Main Outcome Measure(s) Comparisons of sperm characteristics before and after treatment. Result(s) Patients already had altered sperm characteristics before lymphoma treatment, with no identified risk factor. Sperm count, total sperm count, motility, and vitality decreased after treatment, with lowest values at 3 and 6 months. Twelve months after treatment, mean sperm count recovered to pretreatment values after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, darcarbacine (ABVD) or ABVD + radiotherapy, but not after doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone (CHOP) or mechlorethamine, oncovin, procarbazine, prednisone (MOPP) chemotherapies. It was noteworthy that 7% of patients remained azoospermic at 24 months. After 24 months, Kaplan-Meier estimates showed that more than 90% of patients will recover normal sperm count after ABVD or ABVD + radiotherapy vs. 61% for CHOP chemotherapies. In multivariate analyses including diagnosis and treatment protocol, only pretreatment total sperm count was related to recovery. Compared with a control group, lymphoma patients had higher sperm chromatin alterations and DNA fragmentation before any treatment. After treatment, DNA fragmentation assessed by TUNEL assay and sperm chromatin structure assay decreased from 3 and 6 months, respectively, while remaining higher than in the control group during follow-up. Conclusion(s) Lymphoma patients had altered sperm DNA and chromatin before treatment. Lymphoma treatment had damaging effects on spermatogenesis. These data on both the recovery period according to treatment modalities and the pre- and post-treatment chromatin status of sperm are useful tools for counseling patients wishing to conceive. © 2014 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Rives N.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Of La Reproduction Cecos | Perdrix A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Of La Reproduction Cecos | Hennebicq S.,Federation Francaise des CECOS | SaiAs-Magnan J.,Federation Francaise des CECOS | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Andrology | Year: 2012

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men. Several studies have reported an alteration in semen quality in nonseminoma tumors, but this result has not been confirmed in all of the published data. We performed a retrospective study in a population of 1158 men with testicular cancer who banked sperm between 1999 and 2003 in 11 French Centre d'Etude et de Conservation des Oeufs et du Sperme humain laboratories. Our study evaluated prefreeze and postthaw sperm parameters according to patient medical history, tumor histological type, and disease stage. Pure seminomas were found in 48% of our population. Testicular cancer was generally diagnosed at stage I. In cases of a history of unilateral cryptorchidism, testicular cancer occurred preferentially in the maldescended testis. Semen samples were preferentially collected after orchiectomy. The sperm concentration and total sperm number were significantly lower before orchiectomy in seminomas compared with nonseminoma tumors (P < .001). After orchiectomy, these parameters decreased for nonseminoma tumors and did not vary for seminomas. Semen parameters were more severely impaired for stage III tumors, and when patients had a history of cryptorchidism or when they were less than 20 years of age. Azoospermia was more frequently observed before than after orchiectomy. In this study, we determined that sperm cryobanking should preferentially be performed before orchiectomy and that testicular sperm extraction concurrent with orchiectomy should be used in severe spermatogenesis impairment. Our study highlights that seminomas alter sperm production more significantly than nonseminoma tumors and seem to preferentially impair spermatogenesis in tumor-bearing testes.© American Society of Andrology.

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