Barton B.R.,Rush University Medical Center |
Barton B.R.,Jesse Brown Medical Center |
Bernard B.,Rush University Medical Center |
Czernecki V.,Federation de Neurologie |
And 4 more authors.
Movement Disorders | Year: 2014
The objective of our study was to compare Movement Disorder Society Task Force criteria for diagnosis of Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) with the gold standard of traditional neuropsychological testing. A short checklist (Level I) and a protocol of neuropsychological tests (Level II) have been proposed by a Movement Disorder Society Task Force but not fully validated in clinical practice. Ninety-one Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects were categorized as having dementia or no dementia based on a battery of neuropsychological test results and clinical judgment. The isolated components needed for Level I and Level II diagnoses were then culled from the neuropsychological evaluations and independently used to designate PDD. Compared with traditional neuropsychological testing, the sensitivity and specificity of Level I criteria for PDD was 66.7% and 98.8%, and for Level II criteria 100% and 92.7%, respectively. Using Level II criteria, 6 additional subjects were diagnosed with PDD that were classified as having no dementia when full neuropsychological data were used for the diagnosis. These 6 subjects had more education years and were lessimpaired on cognitive tests. The Movement DisorderSociety's Level II criteria more frequently classify subjects with PDD than does traditional neuropsychological testing. Whereas Level II criteria may overclassify subjects as having PDD, they are very accurate in ruling out dementia. Movement Disorder Society's criteria are practical and timesaving, although full neuropsychological testing may still be needed. © 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
Barton B.,Rush University Medical Center |
Barton B.,Jesse Brown Medical Center |
Grabli D.,Federation de Neurologie |
Bernard B.,Rush University Medical Center |
And 5 more authors.
Movement Disorders | Year: 2012
The objective of this work was to evaluate the Movement Disorders Society (MDS) Task Force-proposed screening checklist for detecting Parkinson's disease dementia (PD-D) in relation to full neuropsychological testing. An MDS Task Force has proposed diagnostic procedures for PD-D, which have not been fully validated against more extensive neuropsychological testing. PD subjects were recruited from 2 specialty centers. A neuropsychologist evaluated them for dementia as part of routine clinical care. Independent clinical neurologists administered the MDS PD-D screening checklist. Diagnosis of PD-D by the 2 methods was compared. Ninety-one PD subjects had a mean age of 66.3 (SD = 9.7) years and a mean PD duration of 8.8 (SD = 6.1) years. Seven subjects (7.7%) met all 8 screening checklist criteria from the MDS PD-D screening tool and were classified as probable PD-D. Fifteen (16.5%) subjects were classified as PD-D by full neuropsychological assessment. The screening checklist showed 100% specificity, but only 46.7% sensitivity, for diagnosing PD-D compared to the full neuropsychological assessment. PD-D cases missed by the PD-D screening tool were largely due to 2 checklist items that were not endorsed (absence of depression and Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] scores <26). There was moderate agreement between these 2 methods for determination of PD-D (kappa = 0.59, P < .001). The MDS-PD-D screening checklist is highly accurate for detecting PD-D if all items are endorsed. However, for cases that do not meet these criteria, full neuropsychological testing is needed to differentiate PD-D from milder cognitive impairment. Revision of the checklist by altering or eliminating the 2 problematic checklist items may improve sensitivity. © 2011 Movement Disorder Society.
Andrade K.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Andrade K.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Samri D.,Federation de Neurologie |
Sarazin M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
And 11 more authors.
BMC Neurology | Year: 2010
Background: In posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), there is a progressive impairment of high-level visual functions and parietal damage, which might predict the occurrence of visual neglect. However, neglect may pass undetected if not assessed with specific tests, and might therefore be underestimated in PCA. In this prospective study, we aimed at establishing the side, the frequency and the severity of visual neglect, visual extinction, and primary visual field defects in an unselected sample of PCA patients.Methods: Twenty-four right-handed PCA patients underwent a standardized battery of neglect tests. Visual fields were examined clinically by the confrontation method.Results: Sixteen of the 24 patients (66%) had signs of visual neglect on at least one test, and fourteen (58%) also had visual extinction or hemianopia. Five patients (21%) had neither neglect nor visual field defects. As expected, left-sided neglect was more severe than right-sided neglect. However, right-sided neglect resulted more frequently in this population (29%) than in previous studies on focal brain lesions.Conclusion: When assessed with specific visuospatial tests, visual neglect is frequent in patients with PCA. Diagnosis of neglect is important because of its negative impact on daily activities. Clinicians should consider the routine use of neglect tests to screen patients with high-level visual deficits. The relatively high frequency of right-sided neglect in neurodegenerative patients supports the hypothesis that bilateral brain damage is necessary for right-sided neglect signs to occur, perhaps because of the presence in the right hemisphere of crucial structures whose damage contributes to neglect. © 2010 Andrade et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Fayard C.,University of Burgundy |
Bonaventure A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Bonaventure A.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Benatru I.,University of Burgundy |
And 24 more authors.
Parkinsonism and Related Disorders | Year: 2011
Levodopa induces long-term motor complications in Parkinson's disease (PD). Therapeutic strategies that prevent motor complications are needed. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of recommendations of a French consensus conference published in 2000 on initial PD therapy. We identified 308 PD patients as part of a population-based study performed within the Mutualité Sociale Agricole in five French districts (2007). Neurologists confirmed PD diagnosis. We compared initial therapy in 102 patients treated before 12/31/2000 to that of 206 patients treated afterwards. Initial treatment was in agreement with the recommendations if dopamine agonists were used in patients <60 years (n = 49) and levodopa in patients ≥70 years (n = 133). Agreement with the recommendations increased after 2000 (66.0%) compared to before (46.3%, p = 0.025). For patients <60 years, agreement increased (64.0% vs 20.2%, p = 0.017) while it remained stable (66.4% vs 70.6%, p = 0.73) in patients ≥70 years. The publication of recommendations has influenced initial treatment choices for PD in France. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Azoulay-Zyss J.,University of Paris Descartes |
Roze E.,Federation de Neurologie |
Roze E.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Welter M.-L.,Federation de Neurologie |
And 16 more authors.
Archives of Neurology | Year: 2011
Objective: To assess the efficacy of bilateral deep brain stimulation of the internal pallidum in patients with myoclonus-dystonia due to genetically proved ε-sarcoglycan (SGCE-M-D) deficiency. Design: Patients with documented SGCE-M-D undergoing bilateral deep brain stimulation of the internal pallidum were recruited. Standardized assessments of M-D were videorecorded before surgery and 6 to 9 months and 15 to 18 months after surgery, using the movement and disability subscales of the Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale and the Unified Myoclonus Rating Scale. The analysis was based on blinded evaluation of the recordings. Setting: Movement disorder unit in a university hospital in Paris. Patients: Five consecutive patients with documented SGCE-M-D. Main Outcome Measures: Myoclonus and dystonia scores at follow-up. Results: The median myoclonus score decreased from 76 before surgery (range, 38-116) to 10 at 6 to 9 months after surgery (range, 6-31). The median dystonia score decreased from 30.0 before surgery (range, 18.5-53.0) to 4.5 after surgery (range, 3.5-16.0). Disability was also improved and symptoms remained stable between the postoperative evaluations. No adverse effects occurred. Conclusions: Bilateral deep brain stimulation of the internal pallidum is safe and highly effective in this homogeneous population of patients with SGCE-M-D. This therapeutic option should therefore be considered for patients with severe, drug-resistant forms of the disorder. ©2011 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Federation de Neurologie
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Dialogues in clinical neuroscience | Year: 2011
No animal model to date perfectly replicates Parkinsons disease (PD) etiopathogenesis, and the anatomical organization of the nigrostriatal system differs considerably between species. Human postmortem material therefore remains the gold standard for both formulating hypotheses for subsequent testing in in vitro and in vivo PD models and verifying hypotheses derived from experimental PD models with regard to their validity in the human disease. This article focuses on recent and relevant fields in which human postmortem work has generated significant impact in our understanding of PD. These fields include Lewy body formation, regional vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons, oxidative/nitrative cellular stress, inflammation, apoptosis, infectious and environmental agents, and nondopaminergic lesions.