Omotosho B.J.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development | Year: 2017
One of the developments in the African Union (AU) is the recognition and reconnection of Africans in the Diasporas through policy formulations and other affirmative programmes. The aim is to ensure that Africans wherever they are located can reconnect with their roots and have a true sense of identity as Africans. This is a laudable achievement on the part of AU and the entire Africans in the Diaspora. While programmes and activities aimed at bridging this gap are being fashioned out by both parties, one of the major issues that must not be ignored is the inclusion of youth in these activities. Consequently, the questions are: what is the place of youth in AU-Diaspora relations? What are the structures put in place whether at the institutional or at the Diaspora levels in ensuring that youth have a voice in the ongoing bonding process between the two parties? Providing answer to these questions in this article become pertinent at this early stage in order to carry the young ones, the future of tomorrow along in the scheme of things regarding AU and Africans in the Diaspora. © 2017, IGI Global.
Balogun V.A.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti |
Mativenga P.T.,University of Manchester
Procedia Manufacturing | Year: 2017
In mechanical machining operations, process mechanisms and machining efficiency can be characterized by the cutting tool geometry, process parameters and workpiece materials. These variables are vital parameters to evaluating the specific cutting energy demand as indication to sustainable manufacture. In today's manufacturing environment, where minimum production cost is required to maximize profits, optimum performance of manufactured component is one of the pre-requisite to consumer's continuous patronage. The optimum performance of product especially in machining can be linked to process mechanisms, specific energy demand and surface roughness. Surface integrity is known to vary with values of the ratio of un-deformed chip thickness to cutting edge radius. The specific energy demand is influenced as process mechanism changes. This raises the economic cost of manufacture and CO2 emission. In this work, surface integrity of mechanically machined component is characterized and linked to its corresponding process mechanisms and specific energy demand. This work will contribute towards an improved process parameter selection for minimum energy demand, aid process planning, sustainable manufacture and resource efficiency for mechanical machining processes. © 2016 The Authors
Adedokun O.,Lagos State University |
Adeyemi O.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti |
Dauda C.,Lagos State University
African Health Sciences | Year: 2016
Background: Efforts toward liberation of the girl-child from the shackles of early marriage have continued to be resisted through tradition, culture and religion in some parts of Nigeria. Objective: This study therefore examines the maternal health implications of early marriage on young mothers in the study area. Methods: Multistage sampling technique was employed to obtained data from 200 young mothers aged 15-24 years who married before aged 16 years. Findings: The study reveals that more than 60% had only primary education while more than 70% had experienced complications before or after childbirth. Age at first marriage, current age, level of education and household decision-making significantly influence (P<0.005) maternal health risks in the study area. The study establishes that respondents in age group 15-19 years are 1.234 times more likely to experience complications when compared with the reference category 20-24 years. Entitlements and freedom that are highly relevant to reduction of maternal mortality, provided by international treaties are inaccessible to young women in the study area. Conclusion: Strategies to end child marriage in the study area should include mass and compulsory education of girls, provision of other options to early marriage and childbearing and involvement of fathers in preventing and ending the practice. © 2016, Makerere University, Medical School. All rights reserved.
Apata T.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
British Food Journal | Year: 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the dynamics of food insufficiency and its determinants among farming households in Southwestern Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: A combination of cluster and systematic random sampling was used to select 40 households in each local government area of the selected two states. This gives a total of 160 households per state and 320 households in all for the first data collection. Visiting the same households during the second data collection, only 150 households’ data were useful for analysis. Panel primary data were adopted and they were collected in two periods of late and early rain, respectively, over a period of nine months. Primary data were collected with the aid of a well-structured questionnaire, administered on farming households in the area of study. The needed information was collected through the use of interview schedules/questionnaires. Findings: The transition of food insufficiency households to food sufficiency indicated a differential of 4.25 percent, and the transition of food sufficiency to food insufficiency a differential of 9.33 percent. During the agricultural harvest season more households moved to food sufficiency status (16 percent), while off season insufficiency status was 25.3 percent. The probability of households escaping food insufficiency is 0.25, and the probability of households entering food insufficiency is 0.38. The study provides evidence of transient and high incidence of food insufficiency. Originality/value: Past studies of this nature only captured the food insufficiency status of households using a snapshot study. Hence, this study brought in innovation by examining the dynamics of food sufficiency/insufficiency in two periods. Therefore the question this study asks is: can a farm-household be food sufficient over a particular period of time and food insufficient in other time? © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.
Mmaduabuchukwu M.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
Tropical Agriculture | Year: 2016
This study examined hectarage and output responses of maize to market liberalization, price, price risk and financial support. The study covered a period of 40 years from 1970 to 2009. Secondary data were used. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. The descriptive statistics results showed that price ranged from USS 96.90 to 2039.37 per tonne and the price risk ranged from USS 444.71 to 740.78 per tonne. The descriptive statistics results showed that the output of maize ranged from 695.20 to 10959.00 tonnes, while the hectarage ranged from 700.40 to 3481.28 thousand hectare. Positive determinants of output and hectarage of maize include liberalization policy, maize price and the price risk. The sensitivity analysis showed that increase in price and price risk will continue to be major determinants of hectarage and output of maize. Government should continue to increase agricultural credit since they had positive impact on maize cultivation. © 2016 Trop. Agric. (Trinidad).
Ajibola O.O.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
Tribology in Industry | Year: 2016
The electroless-nickel composite (ENC) consisting of bright metallic electroless-nickel (EN) and dull electroless-nickel-phosphorus (EN-P) were deposited on the polypropylene (PP) substrate from the sodium hypophosphite baths. The ENC plated specimens were subjected to abrasive wear-adhesion test of 1750, 3500, 7000 and 14000 cycles; thermal cycle-adhesion tests, and tensile strength and creep tests. The deposition of ENC influenced the strength and creep strain properties of the PP. The maximum stress σ of 118 (MPa) was obtained from EN-PP specimen at strain ε of 0.1 mm/mm as compared with the PP having stress σ of 36 (MPa) at strain ε of 0.07 mm/mm before failure The surface appearances and microstructures of ENC film on PP substrates were examined under the higher resolution metallurgical microscope with digital camera and microscopic camera. The composition of ENC film was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive X-Ray analyses (Jeol JSM-7600F Field Emission) SEM/EDX, The micrographs and spectra lines data generated were used to interpret the results. © 2016 Published by Faculty of Engineering.
Fayose F.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti |
Huan Z.,Tshwane University of Technology
International Journal of Food Science | Year: 2016
Heat pump technology has been used for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning in domestic and industrial sectors in most developed countries of the world including South Africa. However, heat pump drying (HPD) of fruits and vegetables has been largely unexploited in South Africa and by extension to the sub-Saharan African region. Although studies on heat pump drying started in South Africa several years ago, not much progress has been recorded to date. Many potential users view heat pump drying technology as fragile, slow, and high capital intensive when compared with conventional dryer. This paper tried to divulge the principles and potentials of heat pump drying technology and the conditions for its optimum use. Also, various methods of quantifying performances during heat pump drying as well as the quality of the dried products are highlighted. Necessary factors for maximizing the capacity and efficiency of a heat pump dryer were identified. Finally, the erroneous view that heat pump drying is not feasible economically in sub-Saharan Africa was clarified. © 2016 Folasayo Fayose and Zhongjie Huan.
Yahya W.A.,Kwara State University |
Falaye B.J.,University Of Ilorin |
Oluwadare O.J.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti |
Oyewumi K.J.,University Of Ilorin
International Journal of Modern Physics E | Year: 2013
By using the Nikiforov-Uvarov method, we give the approximate analytical solutions of the Dirac equation with the shifted Deng-Fan potential including the Yukawa-like tensor interaction under the spin and pseudospin symmetry conditions. After using an improved approximation scheme, we solved the resulting schrödinger-like equation analytically. Numerical results of the energy eigenvalues are also obtained, as expected, the tensor interaction removes degeneracies between spin and pseudospin doublets. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company.
Akingbe N.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
Journal of Poetry Therapy | Year: 2016
Commencing within the trajectory of perseverance, this paper sets out to examine the ways in which the phenomenon of waiting has been shrewdly explored by Niyi Osundare in Waiting Laughters [Osundare, N. (1990). Waiting laughters. Lagos: Malthouse]. Waiting is considered in the context of contemporary African literature and the poet’s own Yoruba tradition. It goes on to argue that the poet extends meanings of waiting far beyond their conventional limits, thus making it a complex, multi-levelled construct deployed as an instrument of resistance in the face of deplorable socio-economic and political conditions of contemporary African states. The paper identifies several manifestations of waiting: as patience, as natural progression, as social predicament, as historical inevitability, as humour, as laughter therapy, and as resistance. Each of these notions of waiting is an element of Osundare’s preoccupation with ways of overcoming the inequities, deprivations and injustices of African nations, and thus offers strategies for minimizing the effects of oppression. © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Obikoya G.D.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking | Year: 2014
This research describes a complete fuel-level monitoring system. The research started with the design and construction of a fuel-level sensor and then was followed by configuration of a remote Aplicom 12 GSM module in order to interface the connected sensor. After the module configuration, monitoring of remote fuel is possible by sending control messages from a compatible mobile phone in order to query the status of the remote fuel sensor (and hence the volume of fuel in the tank). The status message from the module will be sent back via a Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network to the mobile phone that sent the query (or control) message. © 2014 Obikoya.