Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Teresina, Brazil

Silva Jr. R.G.,Federal University of Piaui
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

Breast cancer represents a serious public health problem worldwide, for its high incidence, morbidity, mortality, and its high cost treatment. It is known that breast cancer is a multifactorial disease, possessing various risk factors, among which include hormonal factors, genetic and environmental. The role of viruses in breast carcinogenesis is controversial. This study aims to evaluate the expression of HPV 6, 11, 16, and 18 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in invasive ductal breast carcinoma. We analyzed 90 women diagnosed with invasive ductal breast carcinoma, of which the extracted DNA was amplified, quantified and tested for DNA subtypes 6, 11, 16, and 18 by PCR. The research carried out in 79 samples of HPV DNA, proved negative. Our study demonstrates no association between the most prevalent types of HPV and breast cancer. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Da Rocha Martins J.,Federal University of Piaui | Da Rocha Martins J.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Chacham H.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
ACS Nano | Year: 2011

We investigate structural and electronic properties of B-C-N (boron-carbon-nitrogen) layers and nanotubes considering the positional disorder of the B, C, and N atoms, using a combination of first principles and simulated annealing calculations. During the annealing process, we find that the atoms segregate into isolated, irregularly shaped graphene islands immersed in BN. We also find that the formation of the carbon islands strongly affects the electronic properties of the materials. For instance, in the case of layers and nanotubes with the same number of B and N atoms, we find that the band gap increases during the simulated annealing. This indicates that, for a given stoichiometry, the electronic and optical properties of B-C-N layers and nanotubes can be tuned by growth kinetics. We also find that the excess of B or N atoms results in large variations in the band gap and work function. © 2011 American Chemical Society. Source


Lima I.P.,Federal University of Piaui
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical | Year: 2013

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection with Leishmania infantum or Leishmania donovani, the agents of visceral leishmaniasis (or kala-azar), has become a fatal public health problem in the tropics where kala-azar is endemic. The clinical presentation of patients with HIV and L. infantum coinfection is described using two unique databases that together produce the largest case series of patients with kala-azar infected with HIV in South America. First, a retrospective study paired the list of all patients with kala-azar from 1994 to 2004 with another of all patients with HIV/AIDS from the reference hospital for both diseases in the City of Teresina, State of Piauí, Brazil. Beginning in 2005 through to 2010 this information was prospectively collected at the moment of hospitalization. During the study, 256 admissions related to 224 patients with HIV/L. infantum coinfection were registered and most of them were males between 20-40 years of age. Most of the 224 patients were males between 20-40 years of age. HIV contraction was principally sexual. The most common symptoms and signs were pallor, fever, asthenia and hepatosplenomegaly. 16.8% of the cohort died. The primary risk factors associated to death were kidney or respiratory failure, somnolence, hemorrhagic manifestations and a syndrome of systemic inflammation. The diagnosis of HIV and kala-azar was made simultaneously in 124 patients. The urban association between HIV and kala-azar coinfection in South America is worrisome due to difficulty in establishing the diagnosis and higher mortality among the coinfected then those with either disease independently. HIV/L. infantum coinfection exhibits some singular characteristics and due to its higher mortality it requires immediate assistance to patients and greater research on appropriate combination therapy. Source


In the present study, we investigated the effects of lipoic acid (LA) in the brain oxidative stress caused by pilocarpine-induced seizures in adult rats. Wistar rats were treated with 0.9% saline (i.p., control group), lipoic acid (10 mg/kg, i.p., LA group), pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., pilocarpine group), and the association of LA (10 mg/kg, i.p.) plus pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p.), 30 min before the administration of LA (LA plus pilocarpine group). After the treatments, all groups were observed for 1 h. The enzyme activities [δ-aminolevulinic dehydratase (δ-ALA-D), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), and Na+,K+-ATPase] as well as the glutathione-reduced (GSH) and ascorbic acid (AA) concentrations were measured using spectrophotometric methods, and the results were compared to values obtained from saline and pilocarpine-treated animals. Protective effects of LA were also evaluated on the same parameters. In pilocarpine group, no changes were observed in GPx and GR activities and AA content. Moreover, in the same group, decrease in GSH levels as well as a reduction in δ-ALA-D and Na+,K+-ATPase activities after seizures was observed. In turn, in LA plus pilocarpine group, the appearance of seizures was abolished, and the decreases in δ-ALA-D and Na+,K+-ATPase activities produced by seizures as well as increases in GSH levels and GPx activity were reversed, when compared to the pilocarpine seizing group. The results of the present study demonstrated that preadministration of LA abolished seizure episodes induced by pilocarpine in rat, probably by reducing oxidative stress in rat hippocampus caused by seizures. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


In the present study we investigated the effect of seizures on rat performance in the Morris water maze task, as well as on choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities in rat hippocampus. Wistar rats were treated with 0.9% saline (i.p., control group), lipoic acid (20 mg/kg, i.p., LA group), pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., pilocarpine group), and the association of LA (20 mg/kg, i.p.) plus pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p.), 30 min before of administration of LA (LA plus pilocarpine group). After the treatments all groups were observed for 1 h. The effect of lipoic acid administration was observed on reference and working spatial memory of seized rats. The ChAT and AChE activities were measured using spectrophotometric methods and the results compared to values obtained from saline and pilocarpine-treated animals. Its activity was also determined after behavioral task. Results showed that pretreatment with lipoic acid did not alter reference memory when compared to saline-treated animals. In the working memory task, we observed a significant day's effect with significant differences between control and pilocarpine-induced seizures and pretreated animals with lipoic acid. In LA plus pilocarpine group was observed a significantly increased in ChAT and AChE activities, when compared to pilocarpine group. Results showed that acute administration of lipoic acid alone did not alter hippocampal ChAT and AChE activities. Our findings suggest that seizures caused cognitive dysfunction and a decrease of ChAT and AChE activities that might be related, at least in part, to the neurological problems presented by epileptic patients. Lipoic acid can reverse cognitive dysfunction observed in seized rats as well as increase the ChAT and AChE activities in hippocampus of rats prior to pilocarpine-induced seizures, suggesting that this antioxidant could be used in clinic treatment of epilepsy. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Discover hidden collaborations