Pereira I.C.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul
Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2013
This article is an integrative review that aimed to evaluate the available evidence in the literature on the development of strategies operationalized by community health agents for health promotion. Three databases were used - BDTD, LILACS and SciELO - and 2,179 publications were found, of which 58 were selected for analysis. The results were summarized in three empirical categories: Health promotion: challenges in reorienting the health care model, Educational practice in the daily work of community health agents and Vocational training in the perspective of Primary Health Care. The conclusion is that the construction of a model of care based on health promotion requires the incorporation of new educational, care-related and institutional practices.
Araujo M.S.,Sao Paulo State University |
Costa-Pereira R.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul
Biology Letters | Year: 2013
The increase in the number of species with decreasing latitude is a striking pattern of global biodiversity. An important feature of studies of this pattern up to now has been the focus on species as the fundamental unit of interest, neglecting potential within-species ecological diversity. Here, we took a new perspective on this topic by measuring the degree to which individuals within populations differ in niche attributes across a latitudinal gradient (range: 54.01° S to 69.12° N). We show that 156 populations of 76 species across a wide range of vertebrate and invertebrate animal taxa contain more ecologically diverse assemblages of individuals towards lower latitudes. Our results add a new level of complexity to our understanding of global patterns of biodiversity and suggest the possibility that niche variation is partly responsible for the latitudinal gradients of species diversity. © 2013 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.
Silva R.A.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul
Journal of applied oral science : revista FOB | Year: 2011
During post preparation, the root canal is exposed to the oral cavity, and endodontic treatment may fail because of coronal leakage, bacterial infection and sealing inability of the luting cement. this study quantified the interfacial continuity produced with conventional dual-cure and self-adhesive resin cements in the cervical (C), medium (M) and apical (A) thirds of the root. Forty single-rooted human teeth were restored using Reforpost # 01 conical glass-fiber posts and different materials (N=10 per group): group AC=Adper™ ScotchBond™ Multi-purpose Plus + AllCem; group ARC=Adper™ ScotchBond™ Multi-purpose Plus + RelyX ARC; group U100=RelyX U100; and group MXC=Maxcem Elite. After being kept in 100% humidity at 37°C for 72 hours, the samples were sectioned parallel to their longitudinal axis and positive epoxy resin replicas were made. The scanning electron micrographs of each third section of the teeth were combined using Image Analyst software and measured with AutoCAD-2002. We obtained percentage values of the interfacial continuity. Interfacial continuity was similar in the apical, medium and cervical thirds of the roots within the groups (Friedman test, p>0.05). Comparison of the different cements in a same root third showed that interfacial continuity was lower in MXC (C=45.5%; M=48.5%; A=47.3%) than in AC (C=85.9%, M=81.8% and A=76.0%), ARC (C=83.8%, M=82.4% and A=75.0%) and U100 (C=84.1%, M=82.4% and A=77.3%) (Kruskal-Wallis test, p<0.05). Allcem, Rely X ARC and U100 provide the best cementation; cementation was similar among root portions; in practical terms, U100 is the best resin because it combines good cementation and easy application and none of the cements provides complete interfacial continuity.
Zagatto A.M.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul |
Gobatto C.A.,University of Campinas
International Journal of Sports Medicine | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to verify the validity of the curvature constant parameter (W), calculated from 2-parameter mathematical equations of critical power model, in estimating the anaerobic capacity and anaerobic work capacity from a table tennis-specific test. Specifically, we aimed to i) compare constants estimated from three critical intensity models in a table tennis-specific test (Cf); ii) correlate each estimated W with the maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD); iii) correlate each W with the total amount of anaerobic work (W ANAER) performed in each exercise bout performed during the Cf test. Nine national-standard male table tennis players participated in the study. MAOD was 63.0(10.8) mL·kg 1 and W values were 32.8(6.6) balls for the linear-frequency model, 38.3(6.9) balls for linear-total balls model, 48.7(8.9) balls for Nonlinear-2 parameter model. Estimated W from the Nonlinear 2-parameter model was significantly different from W from the other 2 models (P<0.05). Also, none W values were significantly correlated with MAOD or W ANAER (r ranged from 0.58 to 0.51; P>0.13). Thus, W estimated from the 2-parameter mathematical equations did not correlate with MAOD or W ANAER in table tennis-specific tests, indicating that W may not provide a strong and valid estimation of anaerobic capacity and anaerobic capacity work. © 2012 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.
Marcato Junior J.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul |
Tommaselli A.M.G.,Sao Paulo State University
ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing | Year: 2013
The major contribution of this paper relates to the practical advantages of combining Ground Control Points (GCPs), Ground Control Lines (GCLs) and orbital data to estimate the exterior orientation parameters of images collected by CBERS-2B (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite) HRC (High-resolution Camera) and CCD (High-resolution CCD Camera) sensors. Although the CBERS-2B is no longer operational, its images are still being used in Brazil, and the next generations of the CBERS satellite will have sensors with similar technical features, which motivates the study presented in this paper. The mathematical models that relate the object and image spaces are based on collinearity (for points) and coplanarity (for lines) conditions. These models were created in an in-house developed software package called TMS (Triangulation with Multiple Sensors) with multi-feature control (GCPs and GCLs). Experiments on a block of four CBERS-2B HRC images and on one CBERS-2B CCD image were performed using both models. It was observed that the combination of GCPs and GCLs provided better bundle block adjustment results than conventional bundle adjustment using only GCPs. The results also demonstrate the advantages of using primarily orbital data when the number of control entities is reduced. © 2013 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Inc. (ISPRS).