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Manaus, Brazil

The Federal University of Amazonas is a public university located in Manaus, state of Amazonas, Brazil. It is the largest university in the state of Amazonas and in the northern region of Brazil. It offers a wide array of degrees, with 645 research groups and 65 graduate courses. Wikipedia.

de Aquino P.F.,Federal University of Amazonas
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

Gastric cancer is one of most frequent causes of death in Brazil. The city of Manaus has one of the highest incidences of this disease in Brazil. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous herpesvirus that is classified as a group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. We obtained biopsies from 6 control subjects and 10 patients with gastric carcinomas living in Manaus. In the patients, the samples were taken from tumors and from adjacent non-cancerous mucosa. These samples were screened for EBV DNA by PCR to amplify the 288-bp fragments from the Bam M region. The EBV DNA was detected in 8 of the 10 tumor cases and in none of the 6 control subjects. In the positively identified samples, EBV DNA was detected in five corresponding resection margins. Previous research indicated only a weak association between EBV and gastric cancer. We suggest that EBV should be considered as a risk factor for gastric adenocarcinomas in Manaus. Source

Francesconia F.,Federal University of Amazonas | Lupi O.,Rio de Janeiro State Federal University
Clinical Microbiology Reviews | Year: 2012

Myiasis is defined as the infestation of live vertebrates (humans and/or animals) with dipterous larvae. In mammals (including humans), dipterous larvae can feed on the host's living or dead tissue, liquid body substance, or ingested food and cause a broad range of infestations depending on the body location and the relationship of the larvae with the host. In this review, we deeply discuss myiasis as a worldwide infestation with different agents and with its broad scenario of clinical manifestations as well as diagnosis techniques and treatment. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that the inflammatory process, including the biomarker production, and the intense activation of innate immune responses are greater in the malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax than other species. Here, we examined the levels of serum biomarkers and their interaction during acute malaria.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from P. vivax-infected patients at admission and from healthy donors. Levels of serum biomarkers were measured by Cytometric Bead Assay or ELISA.RESULTS: P. vivax infection triggered the production of both inflammatory and regulatory biomarkers. Levels of IL-6, CXCL-8, IFN-γ, IL-5, and IL-10 were higher in P. vivax-infected patients than in healthy donors. On the other hand, malaria patients produced lower levels of TNF-α, IL-12p70, and IL-2 than healthy individuals. While the levels of IL-10 and IL-6 were found independent on the number of malaria episodes, higher levels of these cytokines were seen in patients with higher parasite load.CONCLUSION: A mixed pattern of proinflammatory and regulatory biomarkers is produced in P. vivax malaria. Analysis of biomarker network suggests that IL-10 and IL-6 are a robust axis in malaria patients and that this interaction seems to be associated with the parasite load. Source

Filho J.D.A.M.,Federal University of Amazonas | Silva F.D.A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Toledo Filho R.D.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Cement and Concrete Composites | Year: 2013

The kinetics of vegetable (sisal) fiber degradation and the mechanisms responsible for deterioration of continuous sisal fiber cement composites are presented in this paper. Two matrices were used: one with 50% partial cement replacement by metakaolin (PC-MK) and a reference matrix having as binder only Portland cement (PC). The durability performance of the composite systems is examined and the mechanisms for the significant delay in the fiber degradation when the total amount of calcium hydroxide is reduced from the matrix discussed. The composites were subjected to 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 cycles of wetting and drying and then tested under a four point bending load configuration in order to determine the flexural behavior and cracking mechanisms with progressive aging. Furthermore, composites stored under controlled lab conditions were tested under bending load at ages ranging from 28 days to 5 years. Fibers extracted from the aged composites were subjected to thermal analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and microscopical observations in order to evaluate the changes in chemical composition and microstructure. Two fiber degradation mechanisms were observed in the PC composites: fiber mineralization due to the precipitation of calcium hydroxide in the fiber cell and surface and degradation of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin due to the adsorption of calcium and hydroxyl ions. The degradation process occurs rapidly and after 10 cycles of wetting/drying a quite expressive modification in the flexural behavior is observed. The residual mechanical parameters after 25 cycles were the same as those observed in the unreinforced matrix. For the PC-MK composite fiber mineralization was not observed due to the low content of CH in the matrix. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Figueiredo Neto E.M.,Federal University of Amazonas
Revista brasileira de reumatologia | Year: 2011

To evaluate the quality of life and its association with daily physical activity in different contexts of life in osteoarthritis patients referred from Basic Health Care Units to a university-affiliated service. This is a crosssectional, case series study in which physical activity was evaluated by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and quality of life was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study 36 Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index (WOMAC), and Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN). To evaluate pain intensity, a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was also used. One hundred patients (92 women and eight men; mean age 59.9 ± 9.4 years) were included. The most affected joints were the knees and hands. Ten patients had only a single joint affected, 69 patients had two, eight patients had three, and 13 patients had four joints affected. The IPAQ showed that 70 patients were active or very active, while 30 were insufficiently active or sedentary. Physical activity was positively associated with the SF-36 domains that assess physical health (physical functioning, physical role, pain, general health perceptions). There was an association between physical activity and quality of life assessed by WOMAC, and the more severe the pain, the worse the quality of life. In most patients in this population, the physical aspects of the quality of life are worse, but they maintain their daily physical activities. Source

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