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Blume-Peytavi U.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Lavender T.,University of Manchester | Jenerowicz D.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Ryumina I.,Federal State Budget Institution | And 3 more authors.
Pediatric Dermatology | Year: 2016

Background European roundtable meeting recommendations on bathing and cleansing of infants were published in 2009; a second meeting was held to update and expand these recommendations in light of new evidence and the continued need to address uncertainty surrounding this aspect of routine care. Methods The previous roundtable recommendations concerning infant cleansing, bathing, and use of liquid cleansers were critically reviewed and updated and the quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. New recommendations were developed to provide guidance on diaper care and the use of emollients. A series of recommendations was formulated to characterize the attributes of ideal liquid cleansers, wipes, and emollients. Results Newborn bathing can be performed without harming the infant, provided basic safety procedures are followed. Water alone or appropriately designed liquid cleansers can be used during bathing without impairing the skin maturation process. The diaper area should be kept clean and dry; from birth, the diaper area may be gently cleansed with cotton balls/squares and water or by using appropriately designed wipes. Appropriately formulated emollients can be used to maintain and enhance skin barrier function. Appropriately formulated baby oils can be applied for physiologic (transitory) skin dryness and in small quantities to the bath. Baby products that are left on should be formulated to buffer and maintain babies' skin surface at approximately pH 5.5, and the formulations and their constituent ingredients should have undergone an extensive program of safety testing. Formulations should be effectively preserved; products containing harsh surfactants, such as sodium lauryl sulfate, should be avoided. Conclusion Health care professionals can use these recommendations as the basis of their advice to parents. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Pokrovskiy A.V.,Federal State Budget Institution
Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk | Year: 2012

This article is dedicated to diagnostics, prevention and surgical treatment of vascular complications of diabetes mellitus, particularly prevention of ischemic strokes and treatment of critical ischemia of lover limbs. The main tendency in treatment of brachiocephalic artery lesions nowadays is a surgical intervention in the latent stage of the disease. X-ray endovascular surgical techniques are being increasingly used to treat lesions of lower limbs arteries. Limb preservation is impossible without cooperation of many specialists. It's essential to perform carefiil out-patient follow up of the patient after vascular reconstructive surgery. Source

Sukhikh G.T.,Federal State Budget Institution | Dolgushina N.V.,Federal State Budget Institution
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2016

Objective: To investigate the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-9) and their inducer (CD147) in premature rupture of membranes (PROM) at term labor.Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 24 women aged 19-39, with 37-40-week pregnancy, and no clinical and histological signs of chorioamnionitis, were divided into two groups with and without PROM. The histological and immunohistochemical study of the fetal membranes was performed with polyclonal rabbit antibodies to MMP-2/MMP-9 and monoclonal rabbit antibodies to CD147.Results: The analysis of MMP revealed the increase of MMP-9 expression in the amniotic epithelium during premature membrane rupture both in rupture area, and beyond it, and increased MMR-2 expression in the mesodermal cells. We also found high level of CD147 in the amniotic epithelium in PROM group. The above-mentioned changes were found in all areas of fetal membranes, regardless of the rupture localization.Conclusions: The study results demonstrate the increased expression of MMR-2 and MMR-9, which regulate the catabolism of fetal membrane extracellular matrix proteins, in amniotic membranes of women with PROM at term labor. The increased expression of CD147 may be one of the mechanisms triggering PROM in the absence of infection. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Bozhedomov V.A.,Peoples Friendship University of Russia | Nikolaeva M.A.,Federal State Budget Institution | Ushakova I.V.,Federal State Budget Institution | Lipatova N.A.,Peoples Friendship University of Russia | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Reproductive Immunology | Year: 2015

Autoimmune reactions against the sperm cells play an ambiguous role in fertility impairment. The objective of this study was to characterize functional deficit of sperm conditioned by antisperm immune response in normozoospermic men. This was a multi-centric, cross-sectional, case-control study. The study subjects were 1060 infertile normozoospermic men and 107 fertile men. The main outcome measures were clinical examination, semen analysis including MAR test for antisperm antibodies (ASA), computer-aided sperm analysis, acrosome reaction (AR) detected with flow cytometry, DNA fragmentation measured with sperm chromatin dispersion, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assessed using the luminol-dependent chemiluminescence method. 2% of the fertile men had MAR-IgG ≥ 50%, but all subjects with MAR-IgG ≤ 12% were outliers; 16% infertile men had MAR-IgG ≥ 50% (p< 0.0001). There was a direct correlation between the infertility duration and MAR-IgG (R= 0.3; p< 0.0001). The ASA-positive infertile men had AR disorders 2.1 times more frequently (p< 0.02), predominantly inductivity disorders. We found signs of hyperactivation proportionate to the ASA level (p< 0.001). DNA fragmentation was more highly expressed and was 1.6 and 1.3 times more frequent compared with the fertile and the ASA-negative patients, respectively (p< 0.001 and p< 0.05). We found signs of oxidative stress (OS): ROS generation by washed ASA-positive spermatozoa was 3.7 times higher than in the fertile men (p< 0.00001) and depended on the ASA levels (R = 0.5; p< 0.0001). The ASA correlation with ROS generation in native sperm was weak (R = 0.2; p< 0.001). We concluded that autoimmune reactions against spermatozoa are accompanied by a fertility decrease in normozoospermia. This results from AR and capacitation disorders and DNA fragmentation. The pathogenesis of sperm abnormalities in immune infertility is associated with the OS of spermatozoa. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Degtyareva A.V.,Federal State Budget Institution | Mikhailova S.V.,Russian Childrens Hospital | Zakharova E.Y.,State Institution Medical Genetic Research Center | Tumanova E.L.,Russian National Research Medical University | Puchkova A.A.,Federal State Budget Institution
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2016

Background: Niemann-Pick disease type C is a rare metabolic disease characterized by progressive neurological deterioration with childhood onset, and often results in premature mortality. Niemann-Pick disease type C has an extremely heterogeneous clinical presentation with a wide range of visceral and neurological signs and symptoms that are not specific to the disease, and which progress over varied periods of time. The incidence and epidemiology of Niemann-Pick disease type C in Russia have not been characterized. We report the case of a Russian newborn with early-infantile onset Niemann-Pick disease type C who displayed prolonged neonatal jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly. Case presentation: A 5-year-old white boy born to non-consanguineous Russian parents was originally diagnosed with galactosemia at the age of 2 months based on a raised blood galactose level. A galactose-free and lactose-free diet resulted in achievement of a normal galactose level, but hepatosplenomegaly and cholestatic signs persisted. Liver biopsy results hinted at possible Niemann-Pick disease type C, but differential diagnostic investigations for progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2 (Byler syndrome) indicated a heterozygous genotype suggestive of this disease. Further, progressive neurological symptoms prompted additional genetic analyses for possible Niemann-Pick disease type C, from which an as-yet unreported combination of known NPC1 gene mutations was identified, and a final diagnosis of Niemann-Pick disease type C was established. The patient subsequently developed typical neurological symptoms of early-infantile Niemann-Pick disease type C, including vertical supranuclear ophthalmoparesis and cerebellar ataxia. Miglustat therapy was initiated 2.5 years ago, and some improvements in movement and speech have since been observed. Conclusions: This case illustrates the continued challenges associated with diagnosing Niemann-Pick disease type C based on the appearance of nonspecific cholestatic symptoms. Based on this case we recommend examination of all newborns and children who display unexplained cholestasis or isolated splenomegaly/hepatosplenomegaly during the first months of life for other signs of possible Niemann-Pick disease type C. © 2016 Degtyareva et al. Source

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