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Ettenhausen, Switzerland

Mann S.,Federal Research Station Agroscope
International Journal of Public Administration | Year: 2016

Power asymmetries between farmers and slaughterhouses have led the Swiss government to install an independent agency that evaluates the quality of pig and cattle carcasses. This case is used to explore public interventions to mitigate power asymmetries. The independent classification is described and its economic rationale explored. The positions of the most important stakeholders in the system are depicted and the counter-arguments analyzed by objective hermeneutics. It is concluded that public interventions against power asymmetries are no panacea but can be useful to create a just and effective system. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Source

Kopf-Bolanz K.A.,Federal Research Station Agroscope | Schwander F.,Federal Research Station Agroscope | Gijs M.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Vergeres G.,Federal Research Station Agroscope | And 2 more authors.
International Dairy Journal | Year: 2014

Milk processing may induce changes in dairy product composition and influence digestibility and nutrient bioavailability. Differences in protein degradation and peptide generation were studied for β-lactoglobulin and αS1-casein from commercially available dairy products before, during, and after invitro digestion. All major milk proteins, except β-lactoglobulin, were degraded to smaller peptides during the gastric phase in all investigated products. After the gastric phase, a shortened fragment of β-lactoglobulin was identified in the non-fermented dairy products, underlining differences in protein conformation due to the fermentation process. During the gastric phase, greater numbers of small peptides were generated from αS1-casein than from β-lactoglobulin. The monitoring of generation of specific β-lactoglobulin and αS1-casein peptide profiles by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry allowed the identification of potential bioactive peptides. Peptides with satiety-influencing DPP-4 inhibiting properties were monitored and quantities were compared between products to identify promising targets for the development of new health promoting products. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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