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Streloke M.,Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety
Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Year: 2011

The use of plant protection products (PPPs) is important for sustainable food production. As these chemicals are deliberately released in the environment to control pest organisms, it is not surprising that they may also be harmful for non-target organisms at the same time. Therefore these products must be reviewed and authorised before commercialization. The regulatory procedures for conducting environmental risk assessments and setting risk mitigation measures in the European Union and at member-state level are outlined in this paper. New legislation will apply from 2011 with the goal of harmonizing the aforementioned procedures even more. Setting of risk mitigation measures is important for the safe use of PPPs. Whereas under the new regulation for the authorisation of PPPs specific restrictions will be imposed, more general measures not related to single compounds are to be taken in accordance with a new directive for the sustainable use of pesticides. Consistent approaches need to be developed by using the advantages of both options effectively. For herbicide-tolerant genetically-modified plants risk assessment under the aforementioned but also in accordance with the genetically modified organism legislation are to be conducted. A few problems which may arise are discussed. © 2011 Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (BVL). Source

This is a summary of the contents of the Codex Guidelines on the control of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods and its three Annexes, including a short introduction to the Codex Alimentarius. © 2010. Source

Ehlers U.,Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety
Journal fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit | Year: 2011

Directive 2001/18/EC requires the assessment of "possible immediate and/or delayed, direct and indirect environmental impacts of the specific cultivation, management and harvesting techniques used for the genetically modified higher plant (GMHP) where these are different from those used for non-GMHPs." For genetically modified herbicide tolerant (GMHT) plants this means that an assessment of the possible environmental impacts of the post-emergence use of the complementary herbicides compared to those of current weed control methods used in non-GM crops of the same species in the EU is required. On the other hand the post-emergence use of the complementary herbicide in a GMHT crop requires a new authorisation according to the EU pesticide Regulation because it is a new application of the herbicide. This raises the issue of interplay between genetically modified organism (GMO) and pesticide authorisation in the EU. An effective interplay would avoid a duplication of efforts, gaps in risk assessment and the possibility that conflicting decisions on pesticide usage could be made under the two systems. Principally, there are no scientific reasons for assessing the effects on the environment of the use of herbicides in GMHT-crops and in non-GM HT crops according to different standards. It also should be kept in mind that gene technology is only one method which can be used to generate crop plants which are tolerant towards broad-spectrum herbicides. The presentation identifies obstacles to an effective interplay between GMO regulation and pesticide regulation in the EU and discusses possible future developments. © 2011 Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (BVL). Source

Klemm C.,Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety | Nausch I.,Landeslabor Schleswig Holstein | Uhlig S.,Quo Data GmbH
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2011

A European interlaboratory collaborative study was conducted to validate a method for the quantitative determination of lipophilic marine biotoxins based on high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. During this study, the diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins okadaic acid, dinophysis toxin1 and 2 including their esters, the azaspiracids 1-3, pectenotoxin2, and the yessotoxins were investigated at concentration levels near the limit of quantification and near the legal limit. Naturally contaminated blue mussels, both raw and cooked and spiked extracts of clams and oysters were studied and results were obtained for 16 test samples from 16 laboratories representing eight different countries. This article summarizes the study outcome concerning validation key parameters like specificity, linearity, limit of detection, accuracy/recovery, and precision. Further, influences of cooking of mussels before homogenization or hydrolysis on method robustness have been evaluated. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Uhlig S.,Quo data | Niewohner L.,Federal Criminal Police Office | Gowik P.,Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety
Accreditation and Quality Assurance | Year: 2011

Repeatability standard deviation, laboratory standard deviation, and reproducibility standard deviation for quantitative methods according to ISO 5725 series were recently proposed to estimate the precision of qualitative measurements, giving a presence/absence response. In this paper, it is shown that for qualitative methods, the reproducibility standard deviation across laboratories does not reflect the performance of the method as suggested. It is demonstrated that the benefit of the respective laboratory standard deviation is very limited. Alternative performance measures are introduced which are based on another approach also directly linked to ISO 5725. Thereby, meaningful information about the precision of qualitative test methods can be achieved. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

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