Lucas H.,York University |
Lucas H.,University of Lleida |
Fifita S.,Secretariat of the Pacific Community SPC |
Talab I.,Africa EU Renewable Energy Cooperation Programme RECP EUEI PDF. |
And 2 more authors.
Renewable Energy | Year: 2017
The Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Besides, they are some of the most dependent on imported petroleum products in the world, the use of renewable energy (RE) can help minimize the economic risk associated with the price volatility of fossil fuels. The region is increasingly adopting renewable energy (RE) targets and policies. Successful examples of RE deployment in the Pacific SIDS exist; however, many barriers persist and prevent the use of the region's RE resources in a larger scale. Challenges for RE deployment in islands can be grouped in six categories: i) lack of RE data, ii) need for policy and regulatory frameworks, iii) scarcity of financial opportunities, iv) lack of human resources, v) costly infrastructure, and vi) socio-cultural impediments. Based on a survey conducted among main stakeholders in the region, within the framework of the Pacific Region Capacity Building Initiative of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) carried out in cooperation with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), this paper identifies the specific characteristics of these challenges in the context of the Pacific SIDS, provide a qualitative assessment and identifies recommendations to overcome these challenges. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Ngo H.N.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology |
Nguyen T.Q.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology |
Nguyen T.V.,Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology |
Barsch F.,Federal Ministry for the Environment |
And 2 more authors.
Amphibian and Reptile Conservation | Year: 2016
The Psychedelic Rock Gecko (Cnemaspis psychedelica) was recently discovered on Hon Khoai Island, Ca Mau Province, South Vietnam. Its striking coloration makes the species highly desired on the international pet market. Although public access to the Island is generally prohibited, a number of specimens were already illegally captured and internationally offered for extremely high prices. In contrast, the current wild population size and the extent of human impacts on the species remain unknown. The present study provides the first population size estimation using a capture-recapture method and evaluation of potential threats to C. psychedelica in order to assess its conservation status. While the wild population was found to be relatively stable and actively reproducing at time, we simultaneously recorded increasing habitat destruction, which might considerably affect the population of C. psychedelica. Thus, we herein provide recommendations for in situ conservation. Furthermore, we report the first record of C. psychedelica from another small offshore Island in Rach Gia Bay. © 2016 Branch.
PubMed | Health Canada, World Health Organization, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, International Atomic Energy Agency and 12 more.
Type: | Journal: Radiation protection dosimetry | Year: 2016
The Global Health Security Initiative (GHSI) established a laboratory network within the GHSI community to develop collective surge capacity for radionuclide bioassay in response to a radiological or nuclear emergency as a means of enhancing response capability, health outcomes and community resilience. GHSI partners conducted an exercise in collaboration with the WHO Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness and Assistance Network and the IAEA Response and Assistance Network, to test the participating laboratories (18) for their capabilities in in vitro assay of biological samples, using a urine sample spiked with multiple high-risk radionuclides (
News Article | December 7, 2016
In an effort to connect critical links between needs, opportunity and action, international organizations are coming together to identify opportunities to increase agricultural production while protecting natural resources with the launch of Solution Search. This global crowd-sourcing competition, launched today, is designed to spotlight the most promising approaches to conservation and development challenges. This year’s contest aims to focus on biodiversity-friendly resource solutions within the agricultural sector. Solution Search: Farming for Biodiversity, seeks entries that showcase innovative solutions in sustainable farming, while promoting behaviors that strengthen biodiversity across the agricultural sector. This theme is part of an overarching initiative of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and a focus of this year’s 13th annual Conference of Parties (COP) which aims to shine a spotlight on the critical need for cross-cutting conservation solutions across political, economic, and social spheres. "Solution Search is an online prize competition designed to crowdsource solutions to pressing conservation and human development challenges,” says Brett Jenks, President and CEO of Rare. “Practitioners are creating great solutions all over the world, but they rarely write them up or share them, so they almost never get replicated, much less scaled.” The contest will run in direct partnership with IFOAM-Organics International, with additional partners Convention on Biological Diversity Secretariat, Save the Children, Blue Solutions, the Global Island Partnership, and Panorama, joining from across the globe. “Organic farmers have been showing us for years that it is possible to nourish soils, grow nutritious food and safeguard biodiversity,” says André Leu, President of IFOAM Organics International. “This competition is a great opportunity for them and the entire organic movement to showcase tried and tested innovative solutions that can bring true sustainability to our food and farming systems.” This year’s Solution Search judging panel includes, Cristiana Paşca Palmer (Minister of Environment, Waters and Forests for Romania and incoming Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Dieversity), Danielle Nierenberg (Co-Founder and President of Food Tank), Dr. Naoko Ishii (CEO and Chairperson of Global Environmental Facility), and Ilona Porsché, (Head of Blue Solutions Initiative), who said of her involvement, "I am excited to participate in this year’s Solution Search contest, and offer our technical expertise in sourcing, documenting and sharing solutions." Additional judges include Per Olsson, (Theme leader, Stockholm Resilience Center), Juan Pablo Bonilla (Sector Manager, Climate Change and Sustainable Development, Inter-American Development Bank), Bonnie McClafferty (Director, Agriculture and Nutrition, GAIN) and Pedro Alvarez Icaza L., (General Coordinator for Biological Corridors and Resources, CONABIO - Mexico). Over the next nine months, the Solution Search partners will be soliciting entries, working with expert judges to narrow the field and asking the public to weigh in and vote as well. The grand prize winner will receive $30,000, and there will be four category prizes of $15,000. There will be an early entrant prize of $5,000 to the best entry received by February 10, 2017. All prize money must be used to further the winner’s solution and organization’s goals. All finalists will win a trip to New York City to attend a capacity-building workshop and awards ceremony alongside some of the biggest names in conservation and development. This contest is part of a larger project run in joint partnership by Rare and IFOAM-Organics International, and is funded by the International Climate Initiative (IKI), a German initiative supported by The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag. Over three years, the partners will work together to identify these promising approaches and then host capacity-building workshops across the globe to spread these effective solutions. This workshop series – known as Campaigning for Conservation, will aim to further empower local practitioners to raise awareness of the value of biodiversity and to conduct social marketing campaigns promoting behavior change in support of the identified solutions. All entries to this contest will become part of a larger network of stakeholders engaged in supporting biodiversity-friendly agriculture. Visit solutionsearch.org to learn more, apply, or nominate a fellow organization with a chance to win a $1,000 nomination prize yourself. Ranked in the top 25 NGOs in the world by NGO ADVISORS, Rare is an innovative conservation organization that implements proven conservation solutions and trains local leaders in communities worldwide. Through its signature social marketing campaigns (called Pride campaigns), Rare inspires people to take pride in the species and habitats that make their community unique, while also introducing practical alternatives to environmentally destructive practices. Employees of local governments or non-profit organizations receive extensive training on fisheries management, campaign planning and social marketing to communities. They are equipped to deliver community-based solutions based on natural and social science, while leveraging policy and market forces to accelerate positive environmental change through programs in clean water, sustainable agriculture, and coastal fisheries. To learn more about Rare, please visit http://www.rare.org. For more information and downloadable imagery, please visit our electronic press kit at https://www.rare.org/en-press-kit. Since 1972, IFOAM - Organics International has occupied an unchallenged position as the only international umbrella organisation within the organic agriculture sector, uniting an enormous diversity of relevant stakeholders and key actors. IFOAM - Organics International implements the will of its broad-based constituency, close to 800 Affiliates in 125 countries, in a fair, inclusive and participatory manner. IFOAM’s vision is worldwide adoption of ecologically, socially and economically sound agriculture systems, which will support the projects overarching goal to mainstream biodiversity into the agricultural sector. Through their extensive experi-ence working with smallholders, family farms and cooperatives in the sector, and by building local capacity through their Leadership Courses, IFOAM has the right knowledge, expertise, institutional structure and products to support the project. Since 2008, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) has been financing climate and biodiversity projects in developing and newly industrialising countries, as well as in countries in transition. Based on a decision taken by the German parliament (Bundestag), a sum of at least 120 million euros is available for use by the initiative annually. For the first few years the IKI was financed through the auctioning of emission allowances, but it is now funded from the budget of the BMUB. The IKI is a key element of Germany’s climate financing and the funding commitments in the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Initiative places clear emphasis on climate change mitigation, adaption to the impacts of climate change and the protection of biological diversity. These efforts provide various co-benefits, particularly the improvement of living conditions in partner countries. The IKI focuses on four areas: mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, adapting to the impacts of climate change, conserving natural carbon sinks with a focus on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), as well as conserving biological diversity. New projects are primarily selected through a two-stage procedure that takes place once a year. Priority is given to activities that support creating an international climate protection architecture, to transparency, and to innovative and transferable solutions that have an impact beyond the individual project. The IKI cooperates closely with partner countries and supports consensus building for a comprehensive international climate agreement and the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Moreover, it is the goal of the IKI to create as many synergies as possible between climate protection and biodiversity conservation.
Buhling A.,Federal Ministry for the Environment |
Kuhlen J.,Federal Ministry for the Environment
Kerntechnik | Year: 2011
According to the Precautionary Radiation Protection Act, responsibility for crisis management in the case of events which do not pose an imminent danger lies with the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU). To fulfil this obligation, technical as well as organisational arrangements are required, and the BMU staff has to be made familiar with the relevant tasks. To accomplish this, suitable exercises are essential. In recent years exercise series have been initiated by international organisations and by the EU, which deal with practical experience in managing urgent radiological information exchange and crisis management according to international agreements. They cover both the early phase of nuclear accidents and the specific requirements of the late phase. © Carl Hanser Verlag, München.
Frasch G.,Federal office for Radiation Protection |
Kammerer L.,Federal office for Radiation Protection |
Karofsky R.,Federal office for Radiation Protection |
Schlosser A.,Federal office for Radiation Protection |
Stegemann R.,Federal Ministry for the Environment
Health Physics | Year: 2014
The exposure of German aircraft crews to cosmic radiation varies both with solar activity and operational factors of airline business. Data come from the German central dose registry and cover monthly exposures of up to 37,000 German aircraft crewmembers that were under official monitoring. During the years 2004 to 2009 of solar cycle 23 (i.e., in the decreasing phase of solar activity), the annual doses of German aircraft crews increased by an average of 20%. Decreasing solar activity allows more galactic radiation to reach the atmosphere, increasing high-altitude doses. The rise results mainly from the less effective protection from the solar wind but also from airline business factors. Both cockpit and cabin personnel differ in age-dependent professional and social status. This status determines substantially the annual effective dose: younger cabin personnel and the elder pilots generally receive higher annual doses than their counterparts. They also receive larger increases in their annual dose when the solar activity decreases. The doses under this combined influence of solar activity and airline business factors result in a maximum of exposure for German aircrews for this solar cycle. With the increasing solar activity of the current solar cycle 24, the doses are expected to decrease again. © 2014 Health Physics Society.
Wirth E.,Institute Atmospharische Radioaktivitat |
Baciu A.C.,National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control |
Gerich B.,Institute Atmospharische Radioaktivitat |
Blaettler M.,National Emergency Operations Center |
And 10 more authors.
Health Physics | Year: 2011
A two-step concept is proposed in order to derive a consistent set of intervention levels for early (sheltering, evacuation) and late (relocation/resettlement, returning) protective actions that have to be considered in radiation emergency planning. In the first step, the dose ratios of the projected effective doses have to be calculated for four defined time periods, which correspond with the integration times for sheltering and relocation. In the second step, it is necessary to adopt an intervention level for one protective action or a more general reference level for a certain time period as, for example, the reference level recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 103 in 2007. The adopted intervention level or reference level and the relationships between the projected effective doses are used to derive a consistent set of intervention levels for early and late protective actions. To illustrate the two-step concept, four sets of intervention levels are exemplarily derived for two accidental releases from nuclear power plants. Copyright © 2011 Health Physics Society.
PubMed | Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance IPA, German Environment Agency Umweltbundesamt, Federal Ministry for the Environment and Currenta GmbH
Type: | Journal: International journal of hygiene and environmental health | Year: 2016
In Germany strong efforts have been made within the last years to develop new methods for human biomonitoring (HBM). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the German Chemical Industry Association e. V. (VCI) cooperate since 2010 to increase the knowledge on the internal exposure of the general population to chemicals. The projects aim is to promote human biomonitoring by developing new analytical methods Key partner of the cooperation is the German Environment Agency (UBA) which has been entrusted with the scientific coordination. Another key partner is the HBM Expert Panel which each year puts together a list of chemicals of interest to the project from which the Steering Committee of the project choses up to five substances for which method development will be started. Emphasis is placed on substances with either a potential health relevance or on substances to which the general population is potentially exposed to a considerable extent. The HBM Expert Panel also advises on method development. Once a method is developed, it is usually first applied to about 40 non-occupationally exposed individuals. A next step is applying the methods to different samples. Either, if the time trend is of major interest, to samples from the German Environmental Specimen Bank, or, in case exposure sources and distribution of exposure levels in the general population are the focus, the new methods are applied to samples from children and adolescents from the population representative 5th German Environmental Survey (GerES V). Results are expected in late 2018. This article describes the challenges faced during method development and solutions found. An overview presents the 34 selected substances, the 14 methods developed and the 7 HBM-I values derived in the period from 2010 to mid 2016.
News Article | February 15, 2017
BERLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--For many finance institutions renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies – as main drivers of the global climate mitigation efforts - are still a new business field to be tackled. The Green Finance Specialist, developed by the German company Renewables Academy AG (RENAC), skills finance staff on how to evaluate and execute green energy finance through a combination of a 20-week online training and a 3-day face-to-face training. The degree deals with technology specific risk mitigation schemes, technical and financial due diligence of projects and climate finance options. The Green Finance Specialist is offered within the project Green Banking – Capacity Building on Green Energy and Climate Finance (2015 – 2018). Green Banking is implemented by RENAC within the German International Climate Initiative (IKI) with the support of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. The objective is to increase the availability of finance for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in India, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines and Vietnam. Selected participants will receive a scholarship to join the programme. This degree is currently in process of accreditation by the Finance Accreditation Agency (FAA). Further Green Banking scholarship opportunities include Train-the-Trainer seminars, Online Trainings, Blended Learning courses (combination of Online Training and Face-to-Face Trainings in the partner countries), and B2B Delegation Tours to Germany. “Overall, I gained significant and valuable knowledge on energy efficiency financing during the Green Banking training”, said Hanna Lambok Yolanda, Senior Advisor at the Renewable Energy Support Programme for ASEAN (Indonesia), who participated in the Blended Learning Course 2016. “It has equipped me with cutting-edge knowledge for my daily work as well as for my future professional career.” RENAC, based in Berlin, Germany, is a leading international provider for training and capacity building in renewable energy and energy efficiency. For further information on Green Banking, please visit RENAC’s website. Interested professionals can apply for the different training opportunities until the 31 March 2017.