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Usman D.M.,Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti | Olubunmi O.A.,Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital | Taiwo O.,Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital | Taiwo A.,Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry | Year: 2011

Objective: To compare the clinical profile and pattern of catatonic symptoms of patients with schizophrenia and mood disorder. Method: Records of 13,968 patients seen between 1983-1985 and 2003-2005 were reviewed for symptoms of catatonia by resident doctors in psychiatry. Cases in which the diagnosis were schizophrenia or mood disorder were then noted. Socio-demographic and clinical features were described for each diagnosis. Results: There were a total of 98 cases with catatonia out of the 13,968 case notes reviewed. Schizophrenia accounted for 82.5% and 53.4% in the two periods, while the proportion associated with mood disorders increased from 10% to 20.7%. Male to female ratio was 1.2:1 in schizophrenia and 1:3 in mood disorder. Those with schizophrenia were younger and with an earlier age of onset of symptoms than those with mood disorders. Conclusion: Catatonia associated with mood disorder was found to be increasing over the years when compared with schizophrenia. Differences were observed in socio-demographic characteristics and number of predominant catatonic symptoms. Having a separate category for catatonia due to the mood disorders in the current diagnostic guidelines (10 th edition of the International Classification of Diseases and the 4 th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) will help in better diagnosis of catatonia.

Dangana A.,Federal Medical Center Bida | Abayomi R.O.,Federal Medical Center Bida
African Journal of Microbiology Research | Year: 2011

Ascaris lumbricoides was surveyed among pupils of primary schools in Jos south local government. Four schools were visited: National Research Institute Staff Primary School, Rita Primary School, Joseph Primary School and St Andrew Primary School. A total of 471 samples were collected from pupils of these schools and processed using formol-ether concentration technique. Only 1 (0.2%) pupil from St Andrew Primary School was positive for A. lumbricoides. The prevalence of the infection among the age group showed that 1 (0.9%) in the age group (5 to 9) years was positive while the sex distribution showed a prevalence of 1(0.4%) among the male and no positive case was recorded among the females. The overall prevalence of other parasitic infections was 8.3% with hookworm having the highest prevalence of (5.3%), followed by Entamoeba histolytica with (0.6%), and Giardia lamblia (0.5%), while Hymenolepis nana and Taenia species had both a prevalence of (0.2%). © 2011 Academic Journals.

Omosigho O.P.,Federal Medical Center Bida | Inyinbor H.E.,Federal Medical Center Bida | Emumwen E.G.,Federal Medical Center Bida | Mohammed S.K.,Federal Medical Center Bida | And 5 more authors.
Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Co-infection of HIV-positive patients with hepatitis viruses worsens the long term prognosis and this is summative for each new infection in any individual.This study was carried out to establish the seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus among HIV infected population in Bida -North Central Nigeria. A total of 250 HIV -infected patients 119 males and 131females paticipated in this study with age range of 18-65years.Rapid Chromatogenic Enzyme Immuno Assay (EIA) kit was used for the detection of HCV antibodies in the serum samples. Nineteen (7.6%) of the patients had antibodies to HCV. Co-infection of hepatitis are more in male 10(8.4%) than female 9(6.9%) subjects.Statistical analysis showed no significant difference(p>0.05) Age group 41-50years had the highest prevalence of HCV (50.7%) followed by age group 31-40 years (16.5%), 21-30years (9.9%) and <20years(6.7%).No significant difference was observed in association between age and prevalence of HCV antibodies(p>0.05).Routine screening of patients with HIV infection for HCV antibodies should be encouraged for early diagnosis.The high prevalence is a cause for concern in Bida, North central Nigeria.

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