Federal Emergency Management Agency

Atlanta, GA, United States

Federal Emergency Management Agency

Atlanta, GA, United States
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Bluemont, Virginia, May 23, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) amended on Monday, May 22 a previously released solicitation in which it outlined plans to procure the construction of a second Office of Emergency Management (OEM) conference center at the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center campus. The Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center is a civilian command facility in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, that the government uses as the center of operations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The contractor who receives the contract will be responsible for the construction of a new 65,000 square foot facility along with associated site utilities, entry roads and hardscaping, and the minor modification of the existing conference center. The GSA intends the new conference center facility to include staff offices, training rooms, warehousing and associated loading dock, and billeting for training operations. The main building entry will include a drop-off area for personnel and a two-story atrium. The GSA also intends the facility to have a footprint of approximately 105’ x 320’, and a primary three-story structure. The contractor who receives the contract must provide all management, supervision, labor, materials, supplies, and equipment (except as otherwise provided), and must plan, schedule, coordinate, and assure effective performance of all construction to meet GSA and client agency requirements. The contractor also must perform the construction in accordance with the design specifications, drawings, and terms and conditions of the contract. The GSA estimates the contract to be valued at between $20 million and $40 million, and all construction personnel working on this project must comply with the Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD 12) requirements. The NAICS code for this solicitation is 236220; the construction must be completed within 730 days; and the GSA intends to award a firm fixed-price contract. Interested and capable contractor must respond to the opportunity by no later than 2 p.m. EST on June 1. Responses must be mailed to: GSA, NCR, ROB, Bid Activity (WPY) - Room 1065, 7th and D Streets, SW, Washington, D.C. 20407, and also e-mailed to Contracting Officer, Richard L. Brooks, and Contract Specialist, Suemi Smith, at the following e-mail addresses: richardl.brooks@gsa.gov and suemi.smith@gsa.gov. The contractor who receives this contract also must be registered with the System for Award Management (SAM) database and have as part of the Registration all current Representations and Certifications. US Federal Contractor Registration, the world’s largest third-party government registration firm, completes the required Registrations on behalf of its clients. It also makes available information about opportunities like this, as well as training on how to locate, research, and respond to opportunities. We also make available for our clients and for contracting officers our proprietary Advanced Federal Procurement Data Search (AFPDS). Our Advanced Federal Procurement Data Search (AFPDS) gives you in one place instant bid notifications, bid proposal prospecting, and information about government procurement officers. We make this search tool available to clients, as part of our commitment to helping each and every USFCR client succeed and thrive as a government contractor. For contracting officers, the AFPDS gives them in one place access to a database of available contractors and also a place to post information about opportunities. Contracting officers get free access to AFPDS. We also provide interested contracting officers a list of contractors who may be able to provide a service and/or product that they need.                                                                                                                         For more information, to get started with a SAM registration, to learn more about how US Federal Contractor Registration can help your business succeed, and/or to speak with our federal training specialists about how to craft a memorable proposal, call 877-252-2700, ext. 1.


San Francisco, CA, May 24, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Nextdoor (nextdoor.com), the free and private social network for neighborhoods, today announced a partnership with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The partnership will allow FEMA to reach every member on Nextdoor in the United States in support of their mission to build, sustain, and improve communities to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. The partnership enables FEMA to deliver hyperlocal, targeted emergency and disaster preparedness messages and information to Nextdoor neighborhoods across the United States leading up to, during, and after natural disasters, such as hurricanes, snow storms, and major flooding. More than 140,000 neighborhoods across the United States, representing over 70% of the country, are using Nextdoor to connect, communicate, and discuss important local topics in their communities. During national disasters or times of emergency, neighbors repeatedly turn to Nextdoor as the primary way to communicate with others and ask for assistance. Now, FEMA will be able to utilize Nextdoor as a key tool to disseminate highly relevant, hyperlocal information directly on the platform where neighbors are already discussing emergency and disaster preparedness and recovery efforts. “Our neighbors are often the first people we turn to for help in times of need,” said Nirav Tolia, Co-Founder and CEO of Nextdoor. “We’re honored to partner with FEMA, an organization with an unprecedented history of service and life-saving programs, as our inaugural national public agency partner. FEMA shares our mission of helping to support and assist the people in our most important community: the place that we call home. We look forward to serving as a critical partner for FEMA, their regional offices, and the millions of people they assist each year.” Nextdoor is free for both neighborhoods and FEMA. Neighborhoods establish their own Nextdoor communities, and FEMA will not be able to access residents’ websites, contact information, or content. All members must verify that they live within the neighborhood before joining Nextdoor. Those interested in joining their neighborhood’s Nextdoor website can visit www.nextdoor.com and enter their address. If residents have questions about their Nextdoor website, please visit help.nextdoor.com. Nextdoor (nextdoor.com) is the free and private social network for neighborhoods. Using Nextdoor's platform, available on Web and mobile devices, neighbors create private online communities where they get to know one another, ask questions, exchange advice and recommendations, and address crime and safety concerns. More than 140,000 neighborhoods across the United States are using Nextdoor to build stronger and safer places to call home. Headquartered in San Francisco, Calif., Nextdoor is a privately-held company with the backing of prominent investors, including Benchmark, Greylock Partners, Tiger Global Management, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, and others. FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. Follow FEMA online at twitter.com/fema, twitter.com/femaregion5, www.facebook.com/fema, and www.youtube.com/fema. The social media links provided are for reference only. A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/63fae451-07ef-4cb2-aa2e-27867fbebfbf A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/e2adb40c-2479-4583-8caf-35dc2d2b7b8e A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/deaa4344-cd57-4afe-99c0-b37d67ebeb60


Bluemont, Virginia, May 23, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) amended on Monday, May 22 a previously released solicitation in which it outlined plans to procure the construction of a second Office of Emergency Management (OEM) conference center at the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center campus. The Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center is a civilian command facility in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, that the government uses as the center of operations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The contractor who receives the contract will be responsible for the construction of a new 65,000 square foot facility along with associated site utilities, entry roads and hardscaping, and the minor modification of the existing conference center. The GSA intends the new conference center facility to include staff offices, training rooms, warehousing and associated loading dock, and billeting for training operations. The main building entry will include a drop-off area for personnel and a two-story atrium. The GSA also intends the facility to have a footprint of approximately 105’ x 320’, and a primary three-story structure. The contractor who receives the contract must provide all management, supervision, labor, materials, supplies, and equipment (except as otherwise provided), and must plan, schedule, coordinate, and assure effective performance of all construction to meet GSA and client agency requirements. The contractor also must perform the construction in accordance with the design specifications, drawings, and terms and conditions of the contract. The GSA estimates the contract to be valued at between $20 million and $40 million, and all construction personnel working on this project must comply with the Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD 12) requirements. The NAICS code for this solicitation is 236220; the construction must be completed within 730 days; and the GSA intends to award a firm fixed-price contract. Interested and capable contractor must respond to the opportunity by no later than 2 p.m. EST on June 1. Responses must be mailed to: GSA, NCR, ROB, Bid Activity (WPY) - Room 1065, 7th and D Streets, SW, Washington, D.C. 20407, and also e-mailed to Contracting Officer, Richard L. Brooks, and Contract Specialist, Suemi Smith, at the following e-mail addresses: richardl.brooks@gsa.gov and suemi.smith@gsa.gov. The contractor who receives this contract also must be registered with the System for Award Management (SAM) database and have as part of the Registration all current Representations and Certifications. US Federal Contractor Registration, the world’s largest third-party government registration firm, completes the required Registrations on behalf of its clients. It also makes available information about opportunities like this, as well as training on how to locate, research, and respond to opportunities. We also make available for our clients and for contracting officers our proprietary Advanced Federal Procurement Data Search (AFPDS). Our Advanced Federal Procurement Data Search (AFPDS) gives you in one place instant bid notifications, bid proposal prospecting, and information about government procurement officers. We make this search tool available to clients, as part of our commitment to helping each and every USFCR client succeed and thrive as a government contractor. For contracting officers, the AFPDS gives them in one place access to a database of available contractors and also a place to post information about opportunities. Contracting officers get free access to AFPDS. We also provide interested contracting officers a list of contractors who may be able to provide a service and/or product that they need.                                                                                                                         For more information, to get started with a SAM registration, to learn more about how US Federal Contractor Registration can help your business succeed, and/or to speak with our federal training specialists about how to craft a memorable proposal, call 877-252-2700, ext. 1.


San Francisco, CA, May 24, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Nextdoor (nextdoor.com), the free and private social network for neighborhoods, today announced a partnership with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The partnership will allow FEMA to reach every member on Nextdoor in the United States in support of their mission to build, sustain, and improve communities to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. The partnership enables FEMA to deliver hyperlocal, targeted emergency and disaster preparedness messages and information to Nextdoor neighborhoods across the United States leading up to, during, and after natural disasters, such as hurricanes, snow storms, and major flooding. More than 140,000 neighborhoods across the United States, representing over 70% of the country, are using Nextdoor to connect, communicate, and discuss important local topics in their communities. During national disasters or times of emergency, neighbors repeatedly turn to Nextdoor as the primary way to communicate with others and ask for assistance. Now, FEMA will be able to utilize Nextdoor as a key tool to disseminate highly relevant, hyperlocal information directly on the platform where neighbors are already discussing emergency and disaster preparedness and recovery efforts. “Our neighbors are often the first people we turn to for help in times of need,” said Nirav Tolia, Co-Founder and CEO of Nextdoor. “We’re honored to partner with FEMA, an organization with an unprecedented history of service and life-saving programs, as our inaugural national public agency partner. FEMA shares our mission of helping to support and assist the people in our most important community: the place that we call home. We look forward to serving as a critical partner for FEMA, their regional offices, and the millions of people they assist each year.” Nextdoor is free for both neighborhoods and FEMA. Neighborhoods establish their own Nextdoor communities, and FEMA will not be able to access residents’ websites, contact information, or content. All members must verify that they live within the neighborhood before joining Nextdoor. Those interested in joining their neighborhood’s Nextdoor website can visit www.nextdoor.com and enter their address. If residents have questions about their Nextdoor website, please visit help.nextdoor.com. Nextdoor (nextdoor.com) is the free and private social network for neighborhoods. Using Nextdoor's platform, available on Web and mobile devices, neighbors create private online communities where they get to know one another, ask questions, exchange advice and recommendations, and address crime and safety concerns. More than 140,000 neighborhoods across the United States are using Nextdoor to build stronger and safer places to call home. Headquartered in San Francisco, Calif., Nextdoor is a privately-held company with the backing of prominent investors, including Benchmark, Greylock Partners, Tiger Global Management, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, and others. FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. Follow FEMA online at twitter.com/fema, twitter.com/femaregion5, www.facebook.com/fema, and www.youtube.com/fema. The social media links provided are for reference only. A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/63fae451-07ef-4cb2-aa2e-27867fbebfbf A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/e2adb40c-2479-4583-8caf-35dc2d2b7b8e A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/deaa4344-cd57-4afe-99c0-b37d67ebeb60


Bluemont, Virginia, May 23, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) amended on Monday, May 22 a previously released solicitation in which it outlined plans to procure the construction of a second Office of Emergency Management (OEM) conference center at the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center campus. The Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center is a civilian command facility in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, that the government uses as the center of operations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The contractor who receives the contract will be responsible for the construction of a new 65,000 square foot facility along with associated site utilities, entry roads and hardscaping, and the minor modification of the existing conference center. The GSA intends the new conference center facility to include staff offices, training rooms, warehousing and associated loading dock, and billeting for training operations. The main building entry will include a drop-off area for personnel and a two-story atrium. The GSA also intends the facility to have a footprint of approximately 105’ x 320’, and a primary three-story structure. The contractor who receives the contract must provide all management, supervision, labor, materials, supplies, and equipment (except as otherwise provided), and must plan, schedule, coordinate, and assure effective performance of all construction to meet GSA and client agency requirements. The contractor also must perform the construction in accordance with the design specifications, drawings, and terms and conditions of the contract. The GSA estimates the contract to be valued at between $20 million and $40 million, and all construction personnel working on this project must comply with the Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD 12) requirements. The NAICS code for this solicitation is 236220; the construction must be completed within 730 days; and the GSA intends to award a firm fixed-price contract. Interested and capable contractor must respond to the opportunity by no later than 2 p.m. EST on June 1. Responses must be mailed to: GSA, NCR, ROB, Bid Activity (WPY) - Room 1065, 7th and D Streets, SW, Washington, D.C. 20407, and also e-mailed to Contracting Officer, Richard L. Brooks, and Contract Specialist, Suemi Smith, at the following e-mail addresses: richardl.brooks@gsa.gov and suemi.smith@gsa.gov. The contractor who receives this contract also must be registered with the System for Award Management (SAM) database and have as part of the Registration all current Representations and Certifications. US Federal Contractor Registration, the world’s largest third-party government registration firm, completes the required Registrations on behalf of its clients. It also makes available information about opportunities like this, as well as training on how to locate, research, and respond to opportunities. We also make available for our clients and for contracting officers our proprietary Advanced Federal Procurement Data Search (AFPDS). Our Advanced Federal Procurement Data Search (AFPDS) gives you in one place instant bid notifications, bid proposal prospecting, and information about government procurement officers. We make this search tool available to clients, as part of our commitment to helping each and every USFCR client succeed and thrive as a government contractor. For contracting officers, the AFPDS gives them in one place access to a database of available contractors and also a place to post information about opportunities. Contracting officers get free access to AFPDS. We also provide interested contracting officers a list of contractors who may be able to provide a service and/or product that they need.                                                                                                                         For more information, to get started with a SAM registration, to learn more about how US Federal Contractor Registration can help your business succeed, and/or to speak with our federal training specialists about how to craft a memorable proposal, call 877-252-2700, ext. 1.


San Francisco, CA, May 24, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Nextdoor (nextdoor.com), the free and private social network for neighborhoods, today announced a partnership with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The partnership will allow FEMA to reach every member on Nextdoor in the United States in support of their mission to build, sustain, and improve communities to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. The partnership enables FEMA to deliver hyperlocal, targeted emergency and disaster preparedness messages and information to Nextdoor neighborhoods across the United States leading up to, during, and after natural disasters, such as hurricanes, snow storms, and major flooding. More than 140,000 neighborhoods across the United States, representing over 70% of the country, are using Nextdoor to connect, communicate, and discuss important local topics in their communities. During national disasters or times of emergency, neighbors repeatedly turn to Nextdoor as the primary way to communicate with others and ask for assistance. Now, FEMA will be able to utilize Nextdoor as a key tool to disseminate highly relevant, hyperlocal information directly on the platform where neighbors are already discussing emergency and disaster preparedness and recovery efforts. “Our neighbors are often the first people we turn to for help in times of need,” said Nirav Tolia, Co-Founder and CEO of Nextdoor. “We’re honored to partner with FEMA, an organization with an unprecedented history of service and life-saving programs, as our inaugural national public agency partner. FEMA shares our mission of helping to support and assist the people in our most important community: the place that we call home. We look forward to serving as a critical partner for FEMA, their regional offices, and the millions of people they assist each year.” Nextdoor is free for both neighborhoods and FEMA. Neighborhoods establish their own Nextdoor communities, and FEMA will not be able to access residents’ websites, contact information, or content. All members must verify that they live within the neighborhood before joining Nextdoor. Those interested in joining their neighborhood’s Nextdoor website can visit www.nextdoor.com and enter their address. If residents have questions about their Nextdoor website, please visit help.nextdoor.com. Nextdoor (nextdoor.com) is the free and private social network for neighborhoods. Using Nextdoor's platform, available on Web and mobile devices, neighbors create private online communities where they get to know one another, ask questions, exchange advice and recommendations, and address crime and safety concerns. More than 140,000 neighborhoods across the United States are using Nextdoor to build stronger and safer places to call home. Headquartered in San Francisco, Calif., Nextdoor is a privately-held company with the backing of prominent investors, including Benchmark, Greylock Partners, Tiger Global Management, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, and others. FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. Follow FEMA online at twitter.com/fema, twitter.com/femaregion5, www.facebook.com/fema, and www.youtube.com/fema. The social media links provided are for reference only. A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/63fae451-07ef-4cb2-aa2e-27867fbebfbf A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/e2adb40c-2479-4583-8caf-35dc2d2b7b8e A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/deaa4344-cd57-4afe-99c0-b37d67ebeb60


News Article | May 9, 2017
Site: www.businesswire.com

ST. MARTINVILLE, La.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Join representatives from the offices of U.S. Senator John Kennedy (R-LA), U.S. Representative Clay Higgins (R-LA), the Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas (FHLB Dallas) and St. Martin Bank & Trust at two community events to recognize Louisiana flood relief efforts. Following the Great Flood of 2016, St. Martin Bank & Trust received $117,000 in Special Disaster Relief Program grants from FHLB Dallas that assisted residents of Lafayette and surrounding communities. Local homeowners and community leaders will share stories of recovery. Members of the media are encouraged to attend. Photo and interview opportunities will be available. The first event will be held at noon, Monday, May 15, 2017, at St. Martin Bank & Trust, 301 S. Main Street, St. Martinville, Louisiana. The second event will be held at 3:00 p.m., at St. Martin Bank & Trust, 114 N. Main Street, Church Point, Louisiana. The Special Disaster Relief Program provided recovery assistance to help members’ employees and citizens whose homes had been damaged or destroyed as a result of the August 2016 floods in Louisiana. Grants were available for owner-occupied housing in parishes designated for Individual Assistance by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and were intended to assist with reasonable and necessary expenses that were not otherwise compensated for by insurance or other reimbursement. For more information about FHLB Dallas, visit fhlb.com.


News Article | May 8, 2017
Site: co.newswire.com

TerrorMate, a pioneer in mass notification, announced that it is now a verified Alert Distributor of FEMA's (Federal Emergency Management Agency) IPAWS EAS (emergency alert system) alert feed. TerrorMate's notification system has been rigorously tested and successfully meets FEMA's requirements for receiving IPAWS EAS alerts. TerrorMate, coupled with IPAWS, simplifies service configuration by providing a single, secure source for receiving government-issued alerts. This helps emergency management officials and system administrators by streamlining public safety, situational awareness, and emergency preparedness initiatives to protect their people and assets. FEMA’s Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) is an internet-based capability Federal, State, territorial, tribal, and local authorities can use to issue critical public alerts and warnings. During an emergency, alert and warning officials need to provide the public with life-saving information quickly. The Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) is a modernization and integration of the nation’s alert and warning infrastructure and will save time when time matters most, protecting life and property. Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial alerting authorities can use IPAWS and integrate local systems that use Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) standards with the IPAWS infrastructure. IPAWS provides public safety officials with an effective way to alert and warn the public about serious emergencies using the Emergency Alert System (EAS), Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio, and other public alerting systems from a single interface. "We are really proud to have this partnership with FEMA. It gives the public access to a broader scope of alerts and keeps them safe during terror attacks by getting real-time, verifiable intelligence of the incident in a very short time, on their mobile device," said Barry Oberholzer, founder of TerrorMate. TerrorMate is due to launch on Apple and Android devices by June 15, 2017. TerrorMate™ is a proprietary mobile application developed by TerrorTech, which creates a structured mobile, real time, intelligence system that sends informative and factual terror alerts and safety guides during a terror attack/alert. TerrorMate™ alerts users to both possible and actual terror attacks and provides information on how to stay safe in the affected area. Real-time advisories and intelligence are sent in short format updating the user on events as they happen. It utilizes the users’ geolocation to deliver information tailored to each users’ location, with alerts appearing within minutes of an attack or alert. In addition, users are able to upload real-time media of the attack or suspicious activity and send anonymous tips as well as share information with their friends and family with the TerrorMate trusted contacts feature.


News Article | May 10, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

Increased flooding caused by sea-level rise is a growing threat to coastal communities in the United States. In response to the issue, Jason M. Evans, Ph.D., assistant professor of environmental science and studies at Stetson University is working with Sea Grant programs and several communities in the southeast including St. Marys, Georgia, and Satellite Beach, Florida, to discover ways to adapt to sea-level rise. Evans will present research findings and address community concerns at several events throughout Florida and Georgia in the coming weeks. Evans’ research focuses on discovering vulnerabilities of public facilities such as stormwater drainage systems, fire stations and wastewater treatment plants, and finding ways to help communities adapt to sea-level rise and become more resilient to coastal hazards. His research is in collaboration with Sea Grant programs in Florida, Georgia and North Carolina. On May 11, Evans will participate in this Florida Sea Grant workshop geared towards local government managers, attorneys, engineers, floodplain managers and planners focusing on the legal and policy challenges confronted by local governments as they face increased flooding and sea-level rise. The workshop will provide a brief overview of sea-level rise and flooding projections, showcase regional efforts to evaluate vulnerability and reduce flood risk, discuss state law requiring planning for flood and sea-level rise, and review the changing landscape of flood insurance. At the annual meeting on May 16 Evans will discuss the City of Satellite Beach Community Resilience Campaign. This program builds on past research to measure, map and assess areas of vulnerability to sea-level rise. The goal of the Florida Coastal Management Program is to coordinate local, state and federal agency activities using existing laws to ensure that Florida’s coast is as valuable to future generations as it is today. This event brings together stakeholders and partners to discuss local coastal management issues. St. Marys, Georgia, Flood Resiliency Project On May 15, Evans and many of the authors and researchers that were part of the St. Marys Flood Resiliency Project will present their findings from a three-year study on the rising risks of flooding to the City of St. Marys Mayor and Council. A collaboration between St. Marys, Georgia Sea Grant, Stetson University and North Carolina Sea Grant, the project began with a series of stakeholder interviews, town hall public meetings and facilitated discussion sessions to form the heart of an innovative Vulnerability, Consequences and Adaptation Planning Scenarios (VCAPS) structural modeling approach. Results from the VCAPS process were then used to inform a series of custom geo-spatial vulnerability assessments that analyzed current and future flood risks to property and infrastructure under different sea-level rise scenarios. The VCAPS process and geo-spatial assessments both indicated the high vulnerability of historic downtown St. Marys, on the banks of the St. Marys River estuary, to current and future coastal flooding. While the most serious and acute flood risks in St. Marys are associated with storm surges from tropical cyclones, there are increasing concerns about more chronic flood events associated with intense rain storms that occur at or near high tide. Detailed analysis of the city’s infrastructure indicates that the configuration of the stormwater drainage system, which was built decades ago without any knowledge of long-term sea-level rise, is a major source of flood vulnerability. This vulnerability is expected to worsen as a direct function of sea-level rise unless the local stormwater infrastructure system is upgraded over time. Although there are substantial challenges, much of St. Marys’ flood vulnerability likely can be managed with appropriate planning and investments over the next several decades. “It has been a wonderful opportunity to work with the people of St. Marys on this project over the past few years,” said Evans. “We believe that the final report provides a base amount of information and data that will assist the continuing efforts of city officials to reduce flood risks for the benefit of current and future residents, while at the same time maintaining the unique historic character that has long made St. Marys one of the crown jewels of the Georgia coast.” A complementary objective of this project was for Georgia Sea Grant personnel to assist the City of St. Marys with its application to join the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Community Rating System (CRS). Last May, St. Marys successfully joined CRS with a Class 7 score. This translates into a 15 percent reduction in National Flood Insurance Program premiums for properties within the Special Flood Hazard Area. In the first year following this successful CRS application, it is estimated that St. Marys residents saved over $87,000 on their flood insurance premiums. About Stetson University Founded in 1883, Stetson University is the oldest private university in Central Florida, providing a transforming education in the liberal arts tradition. Stetson stresses academic excellence and community-engaged learning, and consistently earns high marks in national rankings. Stetson encourages its students to go beyond success to significance in their lives, the lives of others and their communities. Stay connected with Stetson on social media.


Coastal communities are enduring growing flood risks from rising seas, with places like Atlantic City, sandwiched between a bay and the ocean, facing some of the greatest threats. Guided by new research by Climate Central’s Scott Kulp and Benjamin Strauss, reporter John Upton and photographer Ted Blanco chronicled the plight of this city’s residents as they struggle to deal with the impacts. Upton spent months investigating how the city is adapting, revealing vast inequity between the rich and the poor. A driver plowed a sedan forcefully up Arizona Avenue, which had flooded to knee height during a winter storm as high tide approached. The wake from the passing Honda buffeted low brick fences lining the tidy homes of working-class residents of this failing casino city, pushing floodwaters into Eileen DeDomenicis’s living room. “It wasn’t bad when we first moved in here — the flooding wasn’t bad,” DeDomenicis said on a stormy morning in March, after helping her husband put furniture on blocks. She counted down until the tide would start to ebb, using a yardstick to measure the height of floodwaters climbing her patio stairs. She was tracking how many more inches it would take to inundate the ground floor. “When somebody comes by in a car, it splashes up. It hits the door.” DeDomenicis has lived in this house since 1982, a few hundred feet from a bay. She used to work as a restaurant server; now she’s a school crossing guard. Her husband walked a mile to his job at Bally’s Casino until he retired in January. They’ve seen floods worsen as the seas have risen, as the land beneath them has sunk, and as local infrastructure has rotted away. “It comes in the front door, the back door, and then from the bottom of the house, in through the sides,” DeDomenicis said. “You watch it come in and it meets in the middle of the house — and there’s nothing you can do.” Two miles east of Arizona Avenue, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is spending tens of millions of dollars building a seawall to reduce storm surge and flooding risks for Atlantic City’s downtown and its towering casinos, five of which have closed in the past four years. A few miles in the other direction, it’s preparing to spend tens of millions more on sand dunes to protect million-dollar oceanfront homes. But the federal government has done little to protect the residents of Arizona Avenue, or the millions of other working class and poor Americans who live near bays up and down the East Coast, from a worsening flooding crisis. Seas are rising as pollution from fossil fuel burning, forest losses, and farming fuels global warming, melting ice, and expanding ocean water. With municipal budgets stretched thin, lower-income neighborhoods built on low-lying land are enduring some of the worst impacts. Climate Central scientists analyzed hundreds of coastal American cities and, in 90 of them, projected rapid escalation in the number of roads and homes facing routine inundation. The flooding can destroy vehicles, damage homes, block roads and freeways, hamper emergency operations, foster disease spread by mosquitoes, and cause profound inconveniences for coastal communities. Atlantic City is among those facing the greatest risks, yet much of the high-value property that the Army Corps is working to protect was built on a higher elevation and faces less frequent flooding than neighborhoods occupied by working class and unemployed residents — an increasing number of whom are living in poverty. Earthen mounds called bulkheads built along Atlantic City’s shores to block floods have washed away, or were never built in the first place. Flap valves in aging storm drains have stopped working, allowing water to flow backward from the bay into the street when tides are high. At high tide, stormwater pools in Arizona Avenue, unable to drain to the bay. The flooding is getting worse because seas have been rising along the mid-Atlantic coast faster than in most other regions, and the land here is sinking because of groundwater pumping and natural processes. High tides in Atlantic City reach more than a foot higher than they did a century ago, and sea-level rise is accelerating. New Jersey has done little to address the problem, aside from administering federal grants that have helped a limited number of residents abandon or elevate vulnerable houses. “We expect each town to focus on planning and budgeting for mitigating flooding,” said New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection spokesperson Bob Considine. Atlantic City can nary afford the kinds of capital improvements needed to provide meaningful relief. The Army Corps last year began a study of bay flooding in a sweeping stretch of New Jersey covering Atlantic City and 88 other municipalities, home to an estimated 700,000. The study was authorized by Congress in 1987, but it wasn’t kickstarted until federal research identified widespread risks following Superstorm Sandy. The bay flooding study is “fairly early in the process,” said Joseph Forcina, a senior Army Corps official who is overseeing more than $4 billion worth of post-Sandy recovery work by the agency, including construction of a $34 million seawall in downtown Atlantic City and tens of millions of dollars worth of sand dune construction and replenishment nearby. The study is expected to take more than two years. “We really are in the data-gathering mode.” The study will help the agency propose a plan, which Congress could consider funding, to ease flood risks when high tides and storms push seawater from bays into streets and homes. It will consider the effects of sea-level rise, but it won’t directly address flooding from poor drainage of rainwater, meaning any fixes spurred by the study are likely to be partial at best. “The Corps is not the agency that deals with interior drainage,” Forcina said. “That’s a local responsibility.” Floods are driving up insurance rates, while routinely causing property damage and inconveniences. Federal flood insurance promotes coastal living in high-risk areas, and the program is more than $20 billion in arrears following Hurricane Katrina and Sandy. Arizona Avenue residents received Federal Emergency Management Agency letters in March warning of insurance rate increases ahead of 5 to 18 percent a year, which “makes us want to leave even more,” said Tom Gitto. Raising three children on Arizona Avenue, Gitto and his wife have been unemployed since the closure last year of Trump Taj Mahal, where they worked. He said the flooding has become unbearable but property prices are so low that they feel trapped. Two houses on Arizona Avenue recently sold for less than $35,000. Gitto paid a similar price for his fixer-upper in the 1990s, then spent more than the purchase price on renovations. Flood insurance provided $36,000 for another refurbishment after Sandy ravaged their home. Flooding strikes the Jersey Shore so often now that the National Weather Service’s office in Mount Holly, New Jersey, raised the threshold at which it issues flood advisories by more than three inches in 2012 “to avoid creating warning fatigue,” flooding program manager Dean Iovino said. Such advisories were being issued nearly every month in Atlantic City before the policy change, up from an average of four months a year in the 1980s. One out of 10 of the 20,000 homes in Atlantic City are at elevations that put them at risk of flooding each year on average, Climate Central found, though some are protected by bulkheads and other infrastructure that help keep floods at bay. The research was published Wednesday in the journal Climatic Change. The proportion of the city’s streets and homes affected by flooding is projected to quickly rise. Within about 30 years — the typical life of a mortgage — one out of three homes in Atlantic City could be inundated in a typical year. That would be the case even if aggressive efforts to slow climate change are put in place, such as a rapid global switch from fossil fuels to clean energy. The worsening woes aren’t confined to Atlantic City, though risks here are among the greatest in America. Neighborhoods near bays can experience rapid increases in the number of streets and homes exposed to regular floods, with small additional sea level capable of reaching far into flat cityscapes and suburbs. Elsewhere at the Jersey Shore, in Ocean City, New Jersey, the analysis showed one out of five homes are built on land expected to flood in typical years, a figure that could rise to nearly half by 2050. Other cities facing rapid increases in risks include San Mateo along San Francisco Bay in Silicon Valley, the lumber town of Aberdeen at Grays Harbor in Washington state, and Poquoson, Virginia, which has a population of 12,000 and juts into the Chesapeake Bay. The greenhouse gas pollution that’s already been pumped into the atmosphere makes it too late to prevent coastal flooding from getting worse. It’s simply a matter of how much worse. The benefits of acting now to slow the effects of warming later would become clearest in the second half of this century. In Atlantic City, if global pollution trends continue and defenses are not improved, 80 percent of current homes risk being inundated in typical years by the end of the century, the analysis showed. By contrast, if greenhouse gas pollution is aggressively reduced almost immediately, the number of homes expected to be exposed to that risk in 2100 would fall to 60 percent. As efforts to protect the climate flounder in the U.S. and elsewhere, unleashing higher temperatures and seas, communities like the DeDomenicises’ have three basic options for adapting. They can defend against floods with infrastructure that keeps tidal waters at bay, such as bulkheads, pumps, and marsh and dune restorations. They can accommodate the water using measures such as elevating existing houses and building new ones on stilts. And they can relocate altogether, an option that’s expected to lead to mass migrations inland during the decades ahead. Modeling by University of Georgia demographer Mathew Hauer projects 250,000 being forced by rising seas from New Jersey by century’s end if pollution levels remain high, with nearly 1.5 million refugees fleeing to Texas from U.S. coasts elsewhere. And from Florida — the poster child for sea-level dangers in the U.S. — 2.5 million may be driven to other states. All three strategies are being pursued to some extent in Atlantic City. All of them are expensive, limiting the options available for a city in decline. “Cities boom and bust,” said Benjamin Strauss, coauthor of the new study and vice president for sea level and climate impacts at Climate Central, which researches and reports on climate change. “Neighborhoods can thrive, and fall into decay. Those are, to some extent, natural cycles of economic life. But now, superimposed onto that for Atlantic City at just the wrong time is this awful existential sea-level threat.” Barrier islands like Absecon Island, upon which Atlantic City grew as a gaming and vacation mecca, line the East Coast, from New York to Florida, natural features associated with the coastline’s wide continental shelf and shallow waters. Until barrier islands were developed and armored with seawalls, roads, and building foundations, low-lying shores facing the mainland could keep up with rising seas. Wind and waves washed sand and mud over growing marshes, helping to build up the land. Now, a century of development has locked down the shape and position of the islands, blocking natural processes. “It’s a huge problem for the U.S.,” said Benjamin Horton, a professor at Rutgers University in New Jersey, which is a global leader in researching sea rise. “These barrier islands are important for so many things — important for housing, important for the economy. They’re important for a variety of industries. They’re especially important for ecosystems. And the barriers protect the mainland from hurricanes; they’re a first line of defense. You lose the barrier islands and where do you think the big waves are going to hit?” As barrier islands and mainland coastlines were developed, wealthy neighborhoods clustered near ocean shores, where the elevations tend to be higher — which reduces flood risks — and where views are considered the best. Lower-income neighborhoods and industrial zones grew over former marshlands near bays and rivers, where swampy smells are strongest and where flooding occurs most frequently. That divide between rich and poor is clearly on display on Absecon Island, where stately houses built on higher land facing the ocean are often occupied only during summer — when risks of storms are lowest. The vacation homes and downtown Atlantic City casinos will be protected from storm surges by a new seawall and sand dunes built by the Army Corps, despite lawsuits filed by homeowners angry that dunes will block ocean views. Poorer neighborhoods are exemplified by Arizona Avenue, a block-long street between a bay and a minor thoroughfare. Bricks in fences and walls are stained by floodwaters and decaying beneath the effects of wakes from passing cars. The century-old, two-story houses have concrete patios and little landscaping — plants are hard to grow in the flood-prone conditions. During high tides that accompany new and full moons, the street can flood on sunny days. Rubber trash cans can be buoyant in floodwaters, tip over and foul the street with spoiled food and bathroom waste, which residents sweep away after floods recede. Cars are frequently destroyed. Many of the houses along Arizona Avenue had to be stripped and renovated after Sandy filled them with floodwaters and coated walls and ceilings with mold. The winter storm that inundated Arizona Avenue in March was a typical one for the region. The nor’easter struck during a full moon, meaning it coincided with some of the highest tides of the month. Floodwaters stopped rising a few inches beneath the DeDomenicises’ front door. Emergency crews patrolled in vehicles built to withstand high water. These kinds of floods are called “nuisance floods” by experts. Nuisance floods are becoming routine features of coastal living around America, and their impacts are difficult to assess. Washington and other major cities could experience an average of one flood caused by tides and storm surges every three days within 30 years, according to a study published by researchers with the nonprofit Union of Concerned Scientists in the journal PLOS One in February. Rain and snow that fall during storms increase flood risks. Residents of Arizona Avenue describe anxiety when tides and storms bring floods, especially if they aren’t home to help protect their possessions. The rising floodwaters can be emotional triggers — reminders of the upheaving effects of floods wrought by major storms like Sandy in late 2012 and Winter Storm Jonas in early 2016. Some of the residents have spent months living in hotels while their homes were repaired following storms. One of Tom Gitto’s children was born while the family was living in a hotel room paid for by the federal government after Sandy. Susan Clayton, a psychology and environmental studies professor who researches psychological responses to climate change at the College of Wooster, a liberal arts college in Ohio, said such triggers can lead to sleeping difficulties, “profound anxiety” and other symptoms. The frequent risk of flooding may also make people constantly fear for their homes and for the security their homes provide. “It tends to be very important to everybody that they have some place that they feel they can relax, where they can be in control,” Clayton said. “Your home is your castle. When your home is threatened, that can really undermine a sense of stability and security. It’s not just the flooding, it’s the idea that it’s your home itself that’s being threatened.” The economic impacts of nuisance floods can also be far-reaching — researchers say they’re more impactful than most government officials assume. “Since they don’t get a lot of attention, we don’t have a data record of nuisance flooding costs,” said Amir AghaKouchak, a University of California, Irvine, scientist who studies hydrology and climatology. AghaKouchak led a study published in the journal Earth’s Future in February that attempted to quantify the economic impacts in large coastal cities. The researchers were hamstrung by the dearth of data. Their preliminary findings, however, suggested that the cumulative economic impacts of nuisance floods might already exceed those of occasional disaster floods in some areas. “There’s a lot of cost associated with this minor event,” AghaKouchak said. “Cities and counties have to send out people with trucks, pumps and so forth, they have to close down streets, build temporary berms.” On Arizona Avenue, residents say they feel abandoned by all levels of government. Like an Appalachian coal town, many here depend upon a single industry — an entertainment sector that’s in decline, anchored by casinos that draw visitors to hotels, arcades, restaurants, gas stations and strip clubs. “They forget about us,” said Christopher Macaluso, a 30-year-old poker dealer who owns a house on Arizona Avenue and grew up nearby. “We’re the city. If they didn’t have the dealers, the dishwashers, the valet guys, the cooks and the housemaids, what have you got? We definitely feel left out.” With casinos operating in nearby Pennsylvania and elsewhere following the lifting of gambling bans, the flow of visitors to Atlantic City has slowed over a decade from a gush to a trickle. Some towering casino buildings stand abandoned, like empty storefronts in a dying downtown. Others are filled well below capacity with gamers and vacationers; their gaudy interiors faded and gloomy. One out of every six jobs in Atlantic City was lost between 2010 and 2016 as nearly 5 percent of the population left, according to the latest regional economic report by New Jersey’s Stockton University, which is building a campus in the city. The number of Atlantic City residents using food stamps rose to 15 percent in 2015, and more than one out of every five children here is now officially living in poverty. President Trump’s construction of two ill-fated casinos in a saturated industry intensified the Atlantic City gaming bubble that began its spectacular burst a decade ago. (As president, Trump is dismantling regulations designed to slow sea rise and other effects of warming.) The city is so broke that its government operations are being overseen by New Jersey. “From the moment they started pulling handles in Pennsylvania, the cash that was pouring into slot machines in Atlantic City started to fall,” said Stockton University’s Oliver Cooke, who compares the city’s economic plight to that of Detroit. “As the economy melted down and the land valuations in the city headed south, the tax base just completely melted away.” Unable to pay for far-reaching measures taken by wealthier waterfront regions, like road-raising in Miami Beach and sweeping marsh restorations in the San Francisco Bay Area, Atlantic City has taken only modest steps to ease flooding. Using funds from a bond sale and state and federal grants, the city has been refurbishing sluice gates in a canal that were built to control floodwaters but haven’t worked in more than half a century. It plans to replace flap valves in two stormwater drains near Arizona Avenue for $16,000 apiece. “We’re treating that money like gold,” said Elizabeth Terenik, who was Atlantic City’s planning director until last month, when she left its shrinking workforce for a job with a flood-prone township nearby. That’s far shy of the tens of millions of dollars being spent just blocks away. The Army Corps is using Sandy recovery money to alleviate hazards in wealthier parts of the city and elsewhere on Absecon Island and in New York and other nearby states, while flooding affecting low-income residents of Arizona Avenue and similar neighborhoods is overlooked. “The Corps does not say, ‘Here’s a problem, and we’re going to fix it’ — somebody has to ask them to help,” said Gerald Galloway, a University of Maryland engineering professor and former Army Corps official. “It depends on a very solid citizen push to get it done. The Corps of Engineers has a backlog of construction awaiting money. You need very strong organizations competing for it.” Coastal New Jersey’s working class have little power in Washington and their cities manage modest budgets. The divide in Atlantic City reflects a grand injustice of global warming — one that’s familiar to Pacific nations facing obliteration from rising seas, and to Alaskan tribes settled by the government on shrinking coasts. While the wealthy may be able to adapt to the effects of climate change, the poor oftentimes cannot. “In some cases, the most vulnerable populations will not be able to move,” said Miyuki Hino, a Stanford PhD candidate who has studied coastal resettlements around the world. “In other cases, they’ll be forced to.”

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