Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Schumann C.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Schumann C.,Federal College and Research Institute for Viticulture and Pomology HBLAuBA | Michlmayr H.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Eder R.,Federal College and Research Institute for Viticulture and Pomology HBLAuBA | And 4 more authors.
AMB Express | Year: 2012

Lactobacillus plantarum is involved in a multitude of food related industrial fermentation processes including the malolactic fermentation (MLF) of wine. This work is the first report on a recombinant L. plantarum strain successfully conducting MLF. The malolactic enzyme (MLE) from Oenococcus oeni was cloned into the lactobacillal expression vector pSIP409 which is based on the sakacin P operon of Lactobacillus sakei and expressed in the host strain L. plantarum WCFS1. Both recombinant and wild-type L. plantarum strains were tested for MLF using a buffered malic acid solution in absence of glucose. Under the conditions with L-malic acid as the only energy source and in presence of Mn 2+ and NAD +, the recombinant L. plantarum and the wild-type strain converted 85% (2.5 g/l) and 51% (1.5 g/l), respectively, of L-malic acid in 3.5 days. Furthermore, the recombinant L. plantarum cells converted in a modified wine 15% (0.4 g/l) of initial L-malic acid concentration in 2 days. In conclusion, recombinant L. plantarum cells expressing MLE accelerate the malolactic fermentation. © 2012 Schümann et al. Source


Michlmayr H.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Brandes W.,Federal College and Research Institute for Viticulture and Pomology HBLAuBA | Eder R.,Federal College and Research Institute for Viticulture and Pomology HBLAuBA | Schumann C.,Federal College and Research Institute for Viticulture and Pomology HBLAuBA | And 2 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2011

α-L-Rhamnosidases play an important role in the hydrolysis of glycosylated aroma compounds (especially terpenes) from wine. Although several authors have demonstrated the enological importance of fungal rhamnosidases, the information on bacterial enzymes in this context is still limited. In order to fill this important gap, two putative rhamnosidase genes (ram and ram2) from Pediococcus acidilactici DSM 20284 were heterologously expressed, and the respective gene products were characterized. In combination with a bacterial β-glucosidase, both enzymes released the monoterpenes linalool and cis-linalool oxide from a muscat wine extract under ideal conditions. Additionally, Ram could release significant amounts of geraniol and citronellol/nerol. Nevertheless, the potential enological value of these enzymes is limited by the strong negative effects of acidity and ethanol on the activities of Ram and Ram2. Therefore, a direct application in winemaking seems unlikely. Although both enzymes are members of the same glycosyl hydrolase family (GH 78), our results clearly suggest the distinct functionalities of Ram and Ram2, probably representing two subclasses within GH 78: Ram could efficiently hydrolyze only the synthetic substrate p-nitrophenyl-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (V max = 234 U mg -1). In contrast, Ram2 displayed considerable specificity toward hesperidin (V max = 34 U mg -1) and, especially, rutinose (V max = 1,200 U mg -1), a disaccharide composed of glucose and rhamnose. Both enzymes were unable to hydrolyze the flavanone glycoside naringin. Interestingly, both enzymes displayed indications of positive substrate cooperativity. This study presents detailed kinetic data on two novel rhamnosidases, which could be relevant for the further study of bacterial glycosidases. © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. Source

Discover hidden collaborations