Semenistaya E.N.,Federal Antidoping Center |
Dikunets M.A.,Federal Antidoping Center |
Viryus E.D.,Federal Antidoping Center |
Rodchenkov G.M.,Federal Antidoping Center
Journal of Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2010
An approach was developed for determining and confirming the presence of exemestane and its metabolite 17-hydroxyexemestane in urine. It is based on the application of high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry (HPLC-HRMS). To detect hydroxyexemestane, the analysis of the hydrolyzed fraction of urine is preferable. The recovery rates of exemestane and 17-hydroxyexemestane were 83 and 91%, respectively. The detection limits were 1 ng/mL for HPLC- MS/MS and 2.5 ng/mL for HPLC-HRMS. In spite of a considerable effect of ionization suppression, the sensitivity and selectivity of the determination are affected by the selection of the optimal detection conditions in HPLC-MS/MS and by the high accuracy of mass determination in mass spectrometry with orbitrap detection, enabling resolution at a level of 5 ppm. The procedures can be used for screening and confirmatory analysis. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2010.