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Harper K.A.,University of California at Davis | Harper K.A.,FBI Academy | Smart C.D.,Cornell University | Davis R.M.,University of California at Davis
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2011

A DNA-based macroarray was designed to quickly and accurately identify certain Amanita mushroom specimens at the species level. The macroarray included probes for Amanita phalloides and Amanita ocreata, toxic species responsible for most mushroom poisonings, and Amanita lanei and Amanita velosa, edible species sometimes confused with toxic species, based on sequences of the highly variable internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA. A cryptic species related to A. ocreata and one related to A. lanei, identifiable by ITS sequences, were also included. Specific multiple oligonucleotide probes were spotted onto nylon membranes and the optimal hybridization temperatures were determined. The Amanita DNA array was highly specific, sensitive (0.5ng DNA/μL and higher were detected), and reproducible. In two case studies, the method proved useful when only small amounts of mushroom tissue remained after a suspected poisoning. An identification could be completed in 12h. © 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.


News Article | November 2, 2016
Site: www.marketwired.com

DALLAS, TX--(Marketwired - November 02, 2016) - The Board of Trustees, Faculty, Staff, Students, and Alumni of Parker University are pleased to announce and celebrate the inauguration of their new president, William E. Morgan, DC. As the seventh president of Parker University, Dr. Morgan will begin his term presiding over an expanding roster of both programs and students as Parker University pursues its mission of comprehensive education dedicated to research, service, and education. The inauguration was held at 1:30pm on the Parker University main campus in Dallas, Texas at the Standard Process Student Activity Center on October 7, 2016. General Walter E. Boomer was present as a special guest of the president, who invited him to make a special presentation on his behalf. General Boomer is a retired four-star general and assistant commandant of the United States Marine Corps and a business executive. He led all Marines in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm during the Gulf War. He later served as the Chairman and CEO of Rogers Corporation, retiring in 2004. He is the current lead director of Baxter International. General Boomer is a 1960 graduate of Duke University; he later earned a master's degree from American University. In 1998, Dr. Morgan was chosen to establish the first chiropractic clinic at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, which later became Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. In 2015, Walter Reed recognized Dr. Morgan with its highest honor for clinical excellence, the Master Clinician's Award. During the last 18 years at the military's most prestigious medical centers, he practiced in an integrative setting providing chiropractic care to the injured troops returning from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In a note to the Parker Board Chair from Admiral Mike Mullen, USN (retired) 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, he remarks, "I am writing to express my warmest congratulations on your selection of Dr. Bill Morgan as the next president of Parker University. You simply could not have made a better choice. I have known Bill as a matchless student and practitioner of his profession over the past 13 years. He has had an enormous positive impact on thousands of lives. This impact has been that much more significant during over a decade of war where he has innovated and been on the leading edge of chiropractic practice in sometimes overwhelming circumstances. Bill is personable, studied, and dedicated beyond the call. You truly will be blessed in his service and we will miss him immensely here in Bethesda." Dr. Morgan was appointed as the Chiropractic Consultant to the Office of Attending Physician (OAP) at the U.S. Capitol in 2000. At the OAP, doctors of many specialties care for members of Congress and the Supreme Court. Since 2007, Dr. Morgan has served as the Chiropractic Consultant to the White House. He was appointed chiropractor for the United States Naval Academy football team in 2009. Parker University's Chairman of the Board, Oliver "Bud" Smith, Jr. DC, said "The Board of Trustees selected Dr. Morgan based on his depth of experience as a doctor of chiropractic, alongside his continued involvement in almost every aspect of the profession, including but not limited to his ability to integrate chiropractic into mainstream health care," states Dr. Smith. He continues, "Dr. Morgan's comprehensive skill-set will certainly lead Parker University students, faculty and alumni toward a successful future, and we are honored to appoint him as our President." In 1985, Dr. Morgan received his Doctorate of Chiropractic from Palmer College of Chiropractic - West Campus and soon after, married fellow Palmer graduate, Clare Pelkey. They practiced for 13 years in California. He has completed a 2,000 hour fellowship program in Integrated Medicine. Since 2006, Dr. Morgan has served on the Board of Trustees for Palmer College of Chiropractic. He is also a Diplomate of the American Academy of Pain Management and holds adjunct faculty positions at F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and New York Chiropractic College. Additionally, Dr. Morgan has served as a consultant for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), helping to implement the VA's chiropractic benefit and advocate for chiropractic research. In 2011, Dr. Morgan was appointed to the United States Navy Musculoskeletal Continuum of Care Advisory Board -- an entity created to address the prevalent injuries sustained by U.S. Armed Forces Personnel during active-duty operations. Dr. Morgan also served on the Spine Subcommittee, which helps develop care algorithms for treating spinal conditions and determining the future of musculoskeletal management in the U.S. Armed Forces. Dr. Morgan has a long history of serving in military health care. Joining the Navy at 17, he served with an elite Marine Recon company as a hospital corpsman. While in the Navy, he was qualified in parachuting, military diving, submarine insertion, jungle warfare, combat swimming, explosives, mountaineering, winter warfare and Arctic survival. Additionally, he attended anti-terrorist training at the FBI Academy. After leaving active military service and transferring to the Navy Reserves, Dr. Morgan began his educational journey to becoming a doctor of chiropractic. While at Palmer College of Chiropractic, he transferred to a Naval Special Warfare platoon as the unit's primary hospital corpsman. He was sent to Special Operations Technician training to learn the principles of dive medicine. For the next eight years, he served as a dive medicine corpsman/combat swimmer for a platoon of Navy frogmen in Navy Special Warfare Unit One. Excited about his new position, Dr. Morgan states, "Dr. Jim Parker created a chiropractic college in 1982 with a unique spirit, adhering to the rich philosophy, art and emerging science of his profession and with a strong mission. As the new President of Parker University, it is my goal to work toward continuing Dr. Parker's vision for the university, with special emphasis on his passion for education, entrepreneurship, healing, self-actualization and personal responsibility. Dr. Jim Parker's focus on service is epitomized in my favorite Albert Schweitzer quote, 'I don't know what your destiny will be, but one thing I know: The only ones among you who will be really happy are those who will have sought and found how to serve.'" In 2011, Parker achieved University status, paving the way for new health care degree programs that expand students' scope of knowledge and provide additional opportunities for Parker graduates to serve more people around the world. Parker University equips its graduates in health sciences, technology, business, and education communities to establish trends in health care and wellness through its certificate, associates, bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees. Parker University provides an innovative, learning-centered experience for students through a comprehensive curriculum, highly respected faculty, and family-oriented environment. Dallas-based Parker University, formerly known as Parker College of Chiropractic, is one of the world's leading educators of health care professionals. Founded in 1982, this private, nonprofit, educational institution prepares men and women to become doctors of chiropractic and other leaders in health care-related professions. Parker University offers 12 different degree programs as well as continuing education specializations and certifications. Parker University also includes the Parker Research Institute, which provides sound, scientific evidence supporting health and wellness; two chiropractic wellness clinics in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex; Parker Seminars, the largest chiropractic seminar organization in the world, and Parker SHARE Products that provide innovative, high quality products, and current information on chiropractic wellness. For additional information about Parker University, visit the website at www.parker.edu.


McNamara J.J.,FBI Academy | McDonald S.,U.S. Army | Lawrence J.M.,FBI Academy
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to identify common factors in false allegation adult crimes, by examining the dynamics involved in 30 confirmed false allegation cases. The authors conducted a comprehensive review of these adjudicated cases and then completed a collection instrument to capture offender demographics, offense characteristics, and motive. The results indicated that most false allegation crimes were committed by women (73.3%) and Caucasians (93.3%). Data indicated that more interpersonally violent allegations were primarily motivated by attention/sympathy needs (50.0%), whereas more impersonal offenses involved other motivations such as providing an alibi (16.7%) or profit (13.3%). Offenders tended to be younger, high school graduates with no higher education (43.3%). A total of 23.3% of offenders had a prior criminal history. Male offenders appeared as likely as women to be motivated by attention/sympathy; however, men tended to select more violent, nonsexual offenses (e.g., attempted murder) than women. © 2012.


Shelton J.L.E.,FBI Academy | Muirhead Y.,FBI Academy | Canning K.E.,FBI Academy
Behavioral Sciences and the Law | Year: 2010

Public opinion about neonaticide (the killing of a newborn within the first 24 hours of life) has varied across time and cultures. Some nations have passed legislation on behalf of maternal offenders with the assumption that childbirth, a time of unique biological change, may lead to mental disturbance. The United States, however, makes no such distinction; offenders are prosecuted under general homicide laws. Nevertheless, U.S. courts often consider a mother's emotional and physical condition prior to and during delivery. This study includes 44 female offenders and 45 infant deaths and highlights society's ambivalence toward neonaticide offenders. The authors suggest that this ambivalence may be attributed to: (1) the perception that an offender's emotional and physical turmoil during the birth and homicide reduces her culpability; (2) the sentiment that neonaticide offenders are more "redeemable" than other offenders; and (3) the uncertainty about the personhood of a fetus or newborn. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Stein M.L.,John Jay College of Criminal Justice | Schlesinger L.B.,John Jay College of Criminal Justice | Pinizzotto A.J.,FBI Academy
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2010

A closed case-file review of 211 sexual homicides identified 16 cases of necrophilia. The results of this unique descriptive study of necrophilia associated with sexual homicide provide information on crime-scene locations, methods of killing, body disposition, premortem sexual assault, specifics of the necrophilic acts, methods of victim abduction, and motivational dynamics. The findings suggest that the most common explanation for necrophilia - the offender's desire to have an unresisting partner - may not always be applicable in cases where this rare paraphilia is connected to sexual murder. The possibility of using crime-scene behaviors in these cases to investigate serial sexual murders is offered. © 2010 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.


Swan B.K.,University of California at Santa Barbara | Swan B.K.,Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences | Ehrhardt C.J.,FBI Academy | Reifel K.M.,University of Southern California | And 2 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2010

Sulfldic, anoxic sediments of the moderately hypersaline Salton Sea contain gradients in salinity and carbon that potentially structure the sedimentary microbial community. We investigated the abundance, community structure, and diversity of Bacteria and Archaea along these gradients to further distinguish the ecologies of these domains outside their established physiological range. Quantitative PCR was used to enumerate 16S rRNA gene abundances of Bacteria, Archaea, and Crenarchaeota. Community structure and diversity were evaluated by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), quantitative analysis of gene (16S rRNA) frequencies of dominant microorganisms, and cloning and sequencing of 16S rRNA. Archaea were numerically dominant at all depths and exhibited a lesser response to environmental gradients than that of Bacteria. The relative abundance of Crenarchaeota was low (0.4 to 22%) at all depths but increased with decreased carbon content and increased salinity. Salinity structured the bacterial community but exerted no significant control on archaeal community structure, which was weakly correlated with total carbon. Partial sequencing of archaeal 16S rRNA genes retrieved from three sediment depths revealed diverse communities of Euryarchaeota and Crenarchaeota, many of which were affiliated with groups previously described from marine sediments. The abundance of these groups across all depths suggests that many putative marine archaeal groups can tolerate elevated salinity (5.0 to 11.8% [wt/vol]) and persist under the anaerobic conditions present in Salton Sea sediments. The differential response of archaeal and bacterial communities to salinity and carbon patterns is consistent with the hypothesis that adaptations to energy stress and availability distinguish the ecologies of these domains. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


Bachrach B.,Intelligent Automation Inc. | Jain A.,Intelligent Automation Inc. | Jung S.,Intelligent Automation Inc. | Koons R.D.,FBI Academy
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2010

Tool mark identification relies on the premise that microscopic imperfections on a tool's working surface are sufficiently unique and faithfully transferred to enable a one-to-one association between a tool and the tool marks it creates. This paper presents a study undertaken to assess the validity of this premise. As part of this study sets of striated tool marks were created under different conditions and on different media. The topography of these tool marks was acquired and the degree of similarity between them was quantified using well-defined metrics. An analysis of the resulting matching and nonmatching similarity distributions shows nearly error-free identification under most conditions. These results provide substantial support for the validity of the premise of tool mark identification. Because the approach taken in this study relies on a quantifiable similarity metric, the results have greater repeatability and objectivity than those obtained using less precise measures of similarity. © 2010 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.


Garvin E.J.,FBI Academy | Koons R.D.,FBI Academy
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2011

For comparative glass examinations, the refractive indices (RIs) of recovered glass fragments are often compared to a test interval defined by measurements from a broken glass object. RI measurements from five modern float glasses were used via resampling to assess the frequencies of false exclusion errors for eight test criteria as functions of the number of measurements. The test criteria were based on ranges, fixed intervals, and multiples of standard deviations of the known source measurements. The observed error rates for the eight tests studied are between zero and c. 35%, depending upon the match criteria, the number of measurements, and the RI distribution for a glass source. The results of this study can be used to predict the false exclusion rate for a test criterion under a given set of conditions or to select test criteria that result in a desired error rate for these typical sheet glasses. 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Published 2011. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the U.S.A.


Hargreaves-Cormany H.A.,Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education | Patterson T.D.,FBI Academy
Aggression and Violent Behavior | Year: 2016

The Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU) III of the FBI conducted a study that expands upon a typology of offenders engaging in the sex trafficking of juveniles (STJ) (Hargreaves-Cormany, Patterson and Muirhead, 2016) by developing a STJ Survivor Spectrum of Characteristics. All 179 STJ survivors were included in the latent class analyses (LCAs). Further, a binary logistic regression (BLR) analysis was conducted to examine potential for increase in substance use. Data utilized for the study was derived from protocols developed to obtain demographic information on the offenders and survivors and various aspects of the nature of the criminal act(s) perpetrated by the offender. The second author's expertise and practical knowledge from the field regarding STJ offenders and survivors as well as their interviews were utilized to substantiate the empirical findings. The STJ survivors' age, known increases in substance use, motivation to cooperate/testify and family structure were used as indicators within the LCAs. Three latent classes emerged comprised of different STJ survivor age groups. Results suggested that differences between classes are likely attributed to developmental considerations/maturation. The BLR suggested that age of the STJ survivor was predictive of increase in alcohol use. Qualitative analysis of interviews provided in depth data and a lens into the perspectives of STJ survivors. Results enhance understanding of STJ survivors and inform treatment/intervention initiatives which may result in prevention/reduction of harm to juveniles. © 2016.


News Article | November 12, 2015
Site: motherboard.vice.com

Earlier this year, a friend brought me a mysterious FBI-branded mousepad she had gotten from a conference in Washington, DC. It has a massive pawn chess piece on it, with the words “Don’t Be a Pawn” and “Game of Pawns” plastered across the middle of it. I immediately Googled Game of Pawns, and found that it’s a very bad, pretty expensive anti-spying drama the FBI commissioned to persuade impressionable youths to not sell secrets to foreign governments. The film, which is heavy-handed and unwatchable except as a piece of ironic entertainment for those who love to cringe, is based on Glenn Duffie Shriver, an American who studied abroad in Shanghai, was asked to provide the Chinese government with classified information, and was ultimately arrested. The film, a fictionalized version of his story, uses blatant shots of Washington DC's Chinatown to serve as "downtown Shanghai" and suffers from awful dialogue, bad timing, weird stereotypes, etc. The movie was created specifically so study abroad offices and university professors could warn their students that selling secrets to foreign governments is an illegal endeavor. From the film's original press release: "The movie has played a significant role in our outreach efforts to educate American academia on how foreign intelligence services target and attempt to recruit American students studying abroad,” Frank Montoya, the National Counterintelligence Executive, said. “Productions such as the movie Game of Pawns are essential and very practical tools for sensitizing the public and private sectors to our nation’s growing counterintelligence mission.” I immediately wondered why the FBI was creating totally crazy, mostly fictional propaganda movies that tell people not to be spies, and wondered how much money the agency (and FBI Academy TV Studios, which is a thing) had wasted on this endeavor. Motherboard contributor Shawn Musgrave had previously learned that this cinematic masterpiece cost the agency at least $650,000 (the invoice docs he obtained are opaque and hard to parse). It's been viewed on YouTube 117,403 times, which has been its primary distribution method. Not exactly a blockbuster considering its budget. But what about the mousepad? How much money had the agency spent on these damn mousepads? Had there been internal discussion about what taglines to put on it? Various designs to choose from? Who put these together? Do people even use mice anymore? And was it only mousepads? How else had the agency promoted this piece of art? So I filed a Freedom of Information Act request asking for “a budget and all proposed graphic designs for the Game of Pawns mouse pads and other promotional materials.” And then I waited. And waited. And waited some more. My request was given to a “disclosure analyst” and was backlogged several times. Presumably all 501 of the Department of Justice’s FOIA officers were put on the job. Deadlines were pushed back and then pushed back again, I was informed in monthly updates. Babies grew up and became parents themselves. OK, actually, it only took slightly more than six months to get a final response (embedded below), but it felt like forever. I can only assume this was a "simple" request, so it took much longer than the agency's 44-day average for those types of requests, but took less than the 210-day average for a "complex" request, according to data published by FOIA.gov. One of the FBI's interim responses. I filed the FOIA using the name of our editor-in-chief, Derek Mead. And I was initially bummed. The agency simply sent me the same budget documents it sent Musgrave, which does not have specific merchandising or promotional budgets. But then there was a second file, one full of wonderful, wonderful advertising. Game of Pawns Post-it notes and Game of Pawns mousepads and Game of Pawns movie posters and Game of Pawns drawstring bag for chess pieces and Game of Pawns pawn-shaped stress balls. The black-and-white scanned photos really do look like one of the aforementioned FOIA officers specifically had to do a photoshoot to process my request. And so, here they are, every trinket the FBI made to advertise its dumb movie. If you’ve got a full set of it, please let me know. A drawstring bag (for all your chess pieces) Movie poster (Tagline: "The opportunity of a lifetime. A lifetime of regret.") Pawn-shaped stress balls (or maybe just regular pawn pieces, I can't tell from the photo alone) I asked Musgrave, a FOIA expert, what I could do to figure out how many of these are in existence. Unfortunately, it sounds like we may never know: "Some depths are just unplumbable," he said.

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