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Boston, MA, United States

Shaaban S.,Fb Kirby Neurobiology Center | Shaaban S.,Manton Center for Orphan Disease Research | Shaaban S.,Harvard University | Yildirim C.,Pamukkale University | And 10 more authors.
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2014

Using a combination of homozygosity mapping and whole-exome sequencing (WES), we identified a novel missense c.1819G>A mutation (G607S) in the endothelin-converting enzyme-like 1 (ECEL1) gene in a consanguineous pedigree of Turkish origin presenting with a syndrome of camptodactyly, scoliosis, limited knee flexion, significant refractive errors and ophthalmoplegia. ECEL1 mutations were recently reported to cause recessive forms of distal arthrogryposis. This report expands on the molecular basis and the phenotypic spectrum of ECEL1-associated congenital contracture syndromes. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Webb B.D.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | Shaaban S.,Boston Childrens Hospital | Shaaban S.,Fb Kirby Neurobiology Center | Shaaban S.,Harvard University | And 33 more authors.
American Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2012

Members of the highly conserved homeobox (HOX) gene family encode transcription factors that confer cellular and tissue identities along the antero-posterior axis of mice and humans. We have identified a founder homozygous missense mutation in HOXB1 in two families from a conservative German American population. The resulting phenotype includes bilateral facial palsy, hearing loss, and strabismus and correlates extensively with the previously reported Hoxb1-/- mouse phenotype. The missense variant is predicted to result in the substitution of a cysteine for an arginine at amino acid residue 207 (Arg207Cys), which corresponds to the highly conserved Arg5 of the homeodomain. Arg5 interacts with thymine in the minor groove of DNA through hydrogen bonding and electrostatic attraction. Molecular modeling and an in vitro DNA-protein binding assay predict that the mutation would disrupt these interactions, destabilize the HOXB1:PBX1:DNA complex, and alter HOXB1 transcriptional activity. © 2012 The American Society of Human Genetics.

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