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Corino M.,FASEN Federacion Argentina de Sociedades de Endocrinologia | Faure E.,FASEN Federacion Argentina de Sociedades de Endocrinologia | Sala M.,FASEN Federacion Argentina de Sociedades de Endocrinologia | Deutsch S.,FASEN Federacion Argentina de Sociedades de Endocrinologia | And 26 more authors.
Revista Argentina de Endocrinologia y Metabolismo | Year: 2011

Introduction: the presence of palpable thyroid nodules in the general population is one of the most common clinical signs of thyroid disease in daily practice. Objectives: 1) To assess the prevalence of pathologies, clinical and cytological findings of single palpable thyroid nodules (SPTN) in Argentina. 2) Analyze the regional differences in Argentina. Methods: Prospective study of 739 patients with STPN were evaluated at centres in Buenos Aires, Bahía Blanca, Mendoza, and La Pampa between 1/1/00 and 12/31/01. Clinical examination, thyroid ultrasound scan (US), TSH, TPOAb and fine needle aspirations (FNA) were performed. Statistics: Pearson Correlation, X2 & Fisher Tests. Results: Age (X- ± SD) 46 ± 14ys: 93.1% were women. Previous history of neck radiation & familial thyroid disease were found in 1.6 and 29.9% respectively. Clinical findings: dysphagia: 7.9%; dysphonia: 3.5%; nodule growth: 19.2%; hard consistence: 24.7%; fixation to adjacent structure: 1.5% and lymphadenopathies (ADP): 3%. Biochemical findings: TSH was normal in 81.2% & TPOAb+ in 30.3%. US features: solid: 53.1%; hypoechoic: 63.8%; microcalcifications: 10.3%; incomplete halo: 15%; more than 1 nodule: 30.5%; thyroid heterogeneity: 60.2% and ADP: 3.8%. Cytology: Only 1 FNA was needed in 86.8%. Unsatisfactory (excluding cysts): 3.2%; benign: 77.2%; suspicious: 12.6% and cancer: 7% (42 papillary, 2 medullary and 3 non specified). A significant correlation (p<0.02) was established between malignant nodules and rapid growth, hard, fixed, solid nodule, incomplete halo and ADP, though these parameters were more frequent (in absolute number) in benign nodules. Surgery was mainly indicated based on FNA results. Histological diagnosis of 96 patients who underwent surgery showed 51 carcinomas, of which only 2 were cytologically benign and 31 adenomas. Conclusion: Palpable single nodules were more frequent in middle aged euthyroid women. One third had familial thyroid pathology, similar to the presence of TPOAb. On US, nodules were predominantly solid, hypoechoic, single with heterogeneous thyroid gland. FNA was predominantly benign. Rapid growth, hard, fixed, solid nodule, incomplete halo and ADP were associated with malignancy, but benignity was more common. In most of the patients surgery was recommended based on cytological findings. Our results are similar to those reported in other geographic areas. Copyright © 2011 por la Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo.

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