Faraji F.,Arak University of Medical Sciences |
Zarinfar N.,Arak University of Medical Sciences |
Zanjani A.T.,Islamic Azad University of Arak |
Morteza A.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute
Pain Physician | Year: 2012
Background: Recent studies have shown a positive correlation between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)infection and migraine headache. Objective: To study the impact of H. pylori eradication on migraine headache. Study Design: Double blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Setting: Sixty-four patients diagnosed with migraine-type headache were included in the study. The patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups: a treatment group that received migraine treatment and H.pylori eradication treatment, and a control group that received migraine treatment and a placebo in place of H. pylori eradication treatment. Methods: There were 25 women and 7 men in the treatment group and 22 women and 10 men in the control group. The MIDAS (Migraine Disability Assessment) questionnaire was used to assess the severity of symptoms, before and after treatment. Result: There was no significant difference between treatment group patients and control group patients with respect to age (44.6 ± 8.8 vs. 43.8 ± 13.8), clinical symptoms and signs. In the beginning of the study, patients in the treatment group had a higher MIDAS compared to patients in the control group (28.87 ± 6.18 vs. 25.43 ± 7.13, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the treatment and control groups, with respect to the MIDAS, after treatment (20.09 ± 1.14 vs. 20.00 ± 1.150, P = 0.5). General linear model, repeated measures demonstrated that the reduction in the MIDAS score was more prominent in the treatment group (Mean Square 164.25, F: 2.02, P = 0.05). Limitations: Short-term follow up. Conclusion: H. pylori eradication may have a beneficial role on migraine headache. This shows the significance of H. pylori treatment in the management of migraine headache among Iranian patients.
Jamilian H.,Arak University of Medical Sciences |
Bagherzadeh K.,Arak University of Medical Sciences |
Nazeri Z.,Arak University of Medical Sciences |
Hassanijirdehi M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Hassanijirdehi M.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute
International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice | Year: 2013
Objective. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of depression and schizophrenia. The aim was to compare serum levels of vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone in schizophrenics, depressed patients and healthy subjects in an Iranian population. Methods. In a cross-sectional study, 100 patients with schizophrenia and 100 with major depression were enrolled. A questionnaire was filled by using medical records of patients. After that a serum sample was taken and levels of vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone were assessed and then compared between the three groups. Results. Post-hoc analysis of Tukey showed that vitamin D level in healthy participants was significantly higher than depressed patients and schizophrenics while there was no significant difference between vitamin D level in depressed and schizophrenic patients. Conclusion. The findings suggest that vitamin D affects the brain independent of hormonal pathways which regulate serum level of calcium. Non-significant difference in the serum level of vitamin D between the schizophrenics and the depressed patients suggests that the independent effect of vitamin D in brain is a general effect and is not specialized to a specific region or pathway in the brain; however, differences between psychiatric and non-psychiatric patients might be resulted from differences in psychosocial backgrounds. © 2013 Informa Healthcare.
Fallahi Khoshknab M.,University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences |
Sheikhona M.,Razi Psychiatric Center |
Rahgozar M.,University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences |
Sodagari F.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing | Year: 2014
This study was aimed at assessing the impact of group psychoeducation therapy on family burden in caregivers of Iranian patients with schizophrenia during the acute phase of the disease. Using a randomized-controlled trial design, 71 caregivers of patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to either a 4-week group psychoeducational programme (n = 36) or the control group (n = 35). Family burden was assessed by Family Burden Index Schedule (FBIS) at the beginning, and after a month of psychoeducation therapy as a follow-up. FBIS assesses family burden in six different dimensions with score ranging from 0 to 48, higher scores indicating higher burdens. At baseline mean, FBIS score was not significantly different between the cases and the controls. After the intervention, the mean total FBIS score was significantly lower in the case group compared with the control group (P < 0.001). In the intervention group, FBIS score change was significant through the study in all dimensions as well as the total score (P < 0.001). A significant reduction in family burden has been achieved by implementing group psychoeducational programmes for inpatients with acute phase schizophrenia in Iranian population. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Sandu N.,University Paris - Sud |
Sadr-Eshkevari P.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute |
Schaller B.J.,University Paris - Sud
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2011
We describe the discovery of the trigemino-cardiac reflex by Schaller in 1999 and the continued improvement of the knowledge about the trigemino-cardiac reflex involved in neurosurgery, especially in skull base surgery, during the past several years. The achieved medical progress could be gained only by the practical experience described by different case reports and later case series that have been published in several principal scientific journals. Additionally, we explain the scientific as well as clinical importance of the communication of the case reports on TCR. Special reference has been given to the validity of the case reports for new phenomena in clinical medicine. © 2011 Sandu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Shariati A.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences |
Jahani S.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences |
Hooshmand M.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences |
Khalili N.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute
Complementary Therapies in Medicine | Year: 2012
Objective: Our purpose was to investigate the effects of acupressure on sleep quality in hemodialysis patients. Design: Randomized clinical trial. Setting: The setting of the study was dialysis wards located in two university hospitals (Imam and Golestan) in Ahvaz, Iran. Interventions: 48 end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis who scored 5 points or higher on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were enrolled to the study. Acupressure group received acupressure intervention on the Shenmen (He7) and He Gu (Li4) points in the hands and Sanyingjao (sp6) point in the feet for 4 weeks beside routine care and control group received only routine care. Main outcome measures: subjective sleep quality, latency and duration, habitual sleep efficiency; sleep disturbances, daytime functional status, and use of sleeping medications. Results: The result indicated significant differences between the acupressure group and the control group after intervention in PSQI global scores (p<0.001) and all sleep quality indices between two groups after intervention: subjective sleep quality (p<0.001), sleep latency (p<0.001), sleep duration (p<0.001), sleep efficiency (p=0.006), sleep disturbance (p<0.001), the use of sleeping medication (p=0.028), and daytime dysfunction (p<0.001). Conclusion: This study supports the effectiveness of acupressure in improving sleep quality of end-stage renal disease patients as a noninvasive therapy. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Yazdankhah Kenary A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Afshin S.N.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Ahmadi Amoli H.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Yagoobi Notash A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
And 4 more authors.
Hernia | Year: 2013
Purpose: The aim of the present randomized clinical trial was to compare feeling of a foreign body and the early and late outcomes after inguinal hernia repair with the heavyweight (HW) mesh and lightweight (LW) mesh during a 12-month follow-up at a single specialist center. Materials and methods: One hundred and ten patients were randomized into HW and LW mesh groups, both of which underwent unilateral primary inguinal hernia via the Lichtenstein technique. At each postoperative visit, any complication, recurrence, feeling of a foreign body, quality of life, residual pain, and numbness were recorded. Results: Complaint of feeling of a foreign body on the repaired side was more frequent in the HW mesh group than in the LW mesh group (P < 0.05). Fewer patients in the LW mesh group reported postoperative numbness around the groin or down the thigh than did those in the HW mesh group (P < 0.05). At 12-month follow-up, however, there was no difference between the LW and HW mesh groups as regards the incidence or severity of pain or discomfort and recurrence rate and nor was there any significant dissimilarity between the two study groups in any dimension of quality of life on the SF-36. Conclusion: There was no significant difference between our LW mesh and HW mesh groups in terms of chronic pain incidence, recurrence rate, and quality of life following inguinal hernia repair. However, fewer patients in the LW mesh group reported numbness around the groin or down the thigh postsurgery than did those in the HW mesh group and therein may lie in the superiority of LW mesh for inguinal hernia repair. Larger cohort studies with longer follow-up periods are required to elucidate in the future the benefits of the LW mesh. © 2012 Springer-Verlag France.
Salehi I.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Khak M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Khak M.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute
Rheumatology International | Year: 2013
More than 14 years of clinical practice in rheumatology led the author to discover the prognostic role of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) as well as the erosions found by MRI, in detecting the RA patients resulting in establishing a new set of criteria by revising the 1987 ACR classification - Iran Criteria for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Medical records of 243 patients at the outpatient Rheumatology Clinic of the author (private sector) were reviewed for the data on the criteria of the 1987 ACR, 2010 ACR/European League against Rheumatism (EULAR), and Iran Criteria for RA. In addition to modifying the 1987 ACR classification, Iran Criteria for RA adds some additional information to the ACR criteria (including ACPA and bony erosions detected by MRI), and any patient who satisfies 6 out of 12 points is considered as a definite RA patient. Sensitivity of the three classifications was calculated considering the clinical diagnosis by a single rheumatologist as the gold standard. A total of 63 male and 180 female patients with a mean follow-up duration of 28.24 ± 50.19 months were considered. Mean age at diagnosis and mean disease duration were 49.16 ± 15.38 years and 7.04 ± 6.87 months, respectively. The sensitivity for Iran Criteria for RA, 1987 ACR classification, and 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria were calculated as 98.4, 59.7, and 66.3%, respectively. Comparing Iran Criteria for RA with ACR and ACR/EULAR criteria, it was concluded that our newly introduced criteria is a more sensitive instrument in determining RA patients in the early stages of the disease. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.
Ebrahimi A.,Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences University |
Maghsoudnia G.R.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Arshadi A.A.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2011
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy related to the lips (95%), and the lower lip is more commonly involved. Loss of tissue in the lower lip is treated with a variety of techniques, depending on the extension and location of the defect. This was a prospective case series. In this study, 41 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (30 males, 11 females) who were referred to Razi Hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences between 2007 and 2008 and underwent lower-lip reconstruction were included. Defects were divided into 4 groups: less than 30%, between 30% and 50%, between 50% and 80%, and more than 80%. Five different local flaps were used for lower-lip reconstruction. Karapandzic flap was used for 9 patients, double reversed-Abbe flap for 6 patients, Abbe-Estlander and step-ladder flaps for 8 patients, and 10 patients underwent reconstruction operation with reversed-Abbe flap. In comparison to reversed-Abbe flap and step-ladder flap, there were no differences functionally and aesthetically except that the step-ladder flap was a single-stage procedure, but the reversed-Abbe flap had 2 stages. There were no functional problems in patients with Estlander flap, but these patients complained of lip asymmetry. There were no functional complaints and aesthetic problems in patients with double reversed-Abbe flap at 3 months after the operation. In patients with 30% to 50% defect of the lower lip, there was no functional and aesthetic difference between Abbe flap and step-ladder flap. Estlander flap is a good choice for reconstruction of lateral or commissural defects of the lower lip. In patients with 50% to 80% defect, it is better to use bilateral reversed-Abbe instead of the Karapandzic flap. Copyright © 2011 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.
Bahoush-Mehdiabadi G.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Habibi R.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Shariftabrizi A.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute |
Vossough P.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014
Background: Cancer in infants younger than one year of age represents a unique problem with distinct epidemiological, clinical and genetic characteristics compared with older age groups. No report is yet available from Iran regarding epidemiological and survival rate of cancers diagnosed in this age group. Materials and Methods: The population under study comprised of patients which were diagnosed and admitted to Ali-Asghar hospital between years 1996-2005. In total, 287 infants were included in the retrospective descriptive survey. Patient files were evaluated for age of patient at the time of diagnosis, sex, geographical residence, consanguinity of parents, histological diagnosis, site of cancer involvement, type of therapy, date of last follow-up and cause of death (if applicable). Results: The average age at the time of diagnosis was 7.2 months old. The most frequent malignancy was retinoblastoma (44%), followed by leukemia (19%) and neuroblastoma (10%), with five-year overall survival rates of 77.7%, 41% and 90%, respectively Parents of 40 infants (13.9%) had consanguinity relationships. Conclusions: Although we cannot make any conclusions regarding the incidence of infant cancer subtypes based on this study, survival rates for major types were similar to the developed countries, which signifies strict adherence to standards of care in Ali-Asghar hospital, the main infant cancer care centre in Iran. A Childhood Cancer Registry with high-resolution data collection and also advanced genetic testing is advocated for in-depth analysis of variation in incidence and survival.
Sandu N.,University of Lausanne |
Sandu N.,University Paris Diderot |
Momen-Heravi F.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences |
Sadr-Eshkevari P.,Farzan Clinical Research Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Neurodegenerative Diseases | Year: 2012
Stem cell transplantation is a promising new therapeutic option in different neurological diseases. However, it was not yet possible to translate its potential from animal models to clinical application. One of the main problems of applying stem cell transplantation in clinical medium is the difficulty of detection, localization, and examination of the stem cells in vivo at both cellular and molecular levels. State-of-the-art molecular imaging techniques provide new and better means for noninvasive, repeated, and quantitative tracking of stem cell implant or transplant. From initial deposition to the survival, migration, and differentiation of the transplant/implanted stem cells, current molecular imaging methods allow monitoring of the infused cells in the same live recipient over time. The present review briefly summarizes and compares these molecular imaging methods for cell labeling and imaging in animal models as well as in clinical application and sheds light on consecutive new therapeutic options if appropriate. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.