Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources

Shīrāz, Iran

Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources

Shīrāz, Iran
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Nejabat M.,Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources | Negahdarsaber M.,Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources | Ghahari G.,Fars Research and Education Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources
Journal of Water and Land Development | Year: 2017

Investigation of ranges of soil and climate characteristics appropriate for the tolerant species: Pistacia atlantica subsp. mutica according to field study was the main objective of this research. This study was carried out based on random sampling across 20×20 km wild pistachio forests of Fars province (Iran). Results showed that mountainous and hilly lands are the main land types that pistachio species have evolved on. Statistical analysis of physical and chemical soil characteristics based on principal component analysis (PCA) method showed that wide ranges in soil characteristics, even up to about 40% differentiation in some measured properties, did not restricts this subspecies natural growth. The main growth limiting factors were shallow soil depth and light soil texture that decreased storage capacity of soil moisture, necessary for wild pistachios survival during drought and long dry periods. Climatic elements were analysed through the same approach and showed that temperature, precipitation and wind with overall variability of 85.9% were the most effectual factors. Pistacia atlantica subsp. mutica is one of the species refractory to various soil conditions and adapted to weak soils for the establishment and rehabilitation of forests in semi-arid regions. © by Masoud Nejabat 2017.

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