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Mysore, India

Verma P.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute | Verma K.G.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute | Kumaraswam K.L.,Farooqia Dental College | Basavaraju S.,JSS Dental College | And 2 more authors.
Imaging Science in Dentistry

Purpose: The present study was aimed to investigate the variation of soft palate morphology in different age and gender groups. The correlations of radiographic velar length (VL), velar width (VW), pharyngeal depth (PD), and Need's ratio with soft palate variants were also studied in the North Indian subpopulation. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 300 subjects aged between 15 and 45 (mean: 31.32) years. The velar morphology on lateral cephalograms was examined and grouped into six types. The results obtained were subjected to a statistical analysis to find the correlation between variants of the soft palate with gender and different age groups. Results: The most frequent type of soft palate was leaf shaped (48.7%), and the least common was crook shaped (3.0%) among both the genders and various age groups, showing a significant correlation. The mean VL, VW, and PD values were significantly higher in males and significantly correlated with the types of soft palate. A significant correlation was observed between the mean VL, VW, PD, and Need's ratio with various age groups, showing an inconsistent pattern with an increase in age. The types of soft palate, gender, and Need's ratio were also significantly correlated, with an overall higher mean value of the Need's ratio among female subjects and the S-shaped soft palate. Conclusion: The knowledge of a varied spectrum of velar morphology and the variants of the soft palate help in a better understanding of the velopharyngeal closure and craniofacial anomalies. © 2014 by Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. Source

Hassan S.S.,Farooqia Dental College | Rai M.,KVG Dental College
Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

Introduction: TMJ ankylosis is a condition which results in partial to complete inability to open the mouth due to fusion of head of condyle and glenoid fossa. Case Report: A 28 year old man reported to our department with a complaint of inability to open mouth since 13 years. On basis of clinical examination, radiographs and CT scans, he was diagnosed with complete bilateral bony TMJ ankylosis. The treatment plan included bilateral condylectomy with coronoidectomy through a combination of endaural and rhytidectomy incision and interpositional grafting with temporalis myofascial flap. Reconstruction of the TMJ was done with specially designed stainless steel partial condylar prosthesis. Extended genioplasty was done to advance the chin. Post-operative early physiotherapy was initiated with a custom made oral physiotherapy device. Complete oral rehabilitation was done with fixed partial dentures, and patient is on regular follow up. Results: Patient had mouth opening of 29 mm and also had a satisfactory esthetic appearence. © 2010 Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India. Source

Shetty S.K.,JSS Dental College and Hospital | Hegde U.,JSS Dental College and Hospital and 915 | Jagadish L.,Azamgarh Dental College and Hospital | Shetty C.,Farooqia Dental College
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

Small innocuous growths on the face usually do not pose difficulty in diagnosis on histopathology. However, some benign inflammatory lesions might mimic malignancy and hence need further investigations for final diagnosis. The distinction between a benign/inflammatory/malignant lesion needs no emphasis as the treatment plan, prognosis and the patient's well-being depends on it. Lymphocytoma cutis, or Spiegler-Fendt Sarcoid, is classed as one of the pseudolymphomas, referring to inflammatory disorders in which the accumulation of lymphocytes on the skin resembles, clinically and histopathologically, cutaneous lymphomas. To obtain an accurate diagnosis, careful clinical evaluation, as well as histopathological and immunohistochemical examination is needed. One such case of an otherwise unassuming growth mimicking malignancy is being presented. © 2016 Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. Source

Naveen Y.G.,Km Shah Dental College And Hospital | Jagadeesh M.S.,Farooqia Dental College | Prajapati P.,Km Shah Dental College And Hospital | Mallikarjuna R.,Km Shah Dental College And Hospital
BMJ Case Reports

Velopharyngeal dysfunction is the inability of the soft palate to affect complete seal with the posterior or lateral pharyngeal walls. Rehabilitation of these patients with palatal defects is challenging for both surgical and prosthetic fields of dentistry. The development of sophisticated surgical techniques and procedures has greatly enhanced the rehabilitation of congenital or acquired palatal defects. However, some of these patients may present oral or systemic factors contraindicating surgical intervention. In addition, since total elimination of these defects surgically has not yet become a reality, there exists a patient population for whom non-surgical rehabilitation must be approached with the help of prosthesis and such prosthesis must restore the basic functions of mastication, deglutition and speech production. Here a non-surgical approach of rehabilitation of such defect is presented in the form of a case report of pharyngeal bulb prosthesis given for a patient with a soft palate defect. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

Lingaraju N.,Farooqia Dental College and Hospital | Besagarahally Gaddelingiah Y.,Farooqia Dental College and Hospital | Besagarahally Gaddelingiah Y.,Farooqia Dental College | Mysore Shivalingu M.,Farooqia Dental College and Hospital | Khanum N.,Farooqia Dental College and Hospital
BMJ Case Reports

Eosinophilic ulcers are rare, benign, reactive and often self-limiting lesions of the oral cavity. Although the aetiology is not clear, trauma is believed to play a role in their development. Clinically, the lesion manifests as an isolated ulcer, with raised, indurated borders and a yellow fibrinous floor; because of its long duration it often leads to the suspicion of squamous cell carcinoma. Although the ulcer is benign in nature, a biopsy is necessary to rule out malignancy. Histopathologically, the ulcer is characterised by the presence of dense inflammatory infiltrate extending into the deeper muscle layers with sheets of lymphocytes intermixed with eosinophils. This is a case report of a 65-year-old woman with an eosinophilic ulcer on the lateral border of the tongue. The ulcer healed rapidly after an incisional biopsy and topical steroid application. The final diagnosis was achieved following clinical and histopathological examination. Copyright 2015 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

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