Farooqia Dental College

Mysore, India

Farooqia Dental College

Mysore, India
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PubMed | Farooqia Dental College and Farooqia Dental College and Hospital
Type: | Journal: BMJ case reports | Year: 2015

Eosinophilic ulcers are rare, benign, reactive and often self-limiting lesions of the oral cavity. Although the aetiology is not clear, trauma is believed to play a role in their development. Clinically, the lesion manifests as an isolated ulcer, with raised, indurated borders and a yellow fibrinous floor; because of its long duration it often leads to the suspicion of squamous cell carcinoma. Although the ulcer is benign in nature, a biopsy is necessary to rule out malignancy. Histopathologically, the ulcer is characterised by the presence of dense inflammatory infiltrate extending into the deeper muscle layers with sheets of lymphocytes intermixed with eosinophils. This is a case report of a 65-year-old woman with an eosinophilic ulcer on the lateral border of the tongue. The ulcer healed rapidly after an incisional biopsy and topical steroid application. The final diagnosis was achieved following clinical and histopathological examination.


Visveswaraiah P.M.,Pacific University at Udaipur | Prasad D.,Farooqia Dental College
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2016

Mature enamel is a non-living tissue and any damage to the enamel is permanent as it cannot remodel itself. Enamel being the outermost layer of the tooth, is susceptible to dental caries and erosive wear (demineralisation). Conventionally, defective enamel is treated with dental restorative materials such as amalgam, composite resin, ceramics etc. The drawback of these restorative materials is that they differ from natural enamel in chemical composition, structure and physicochemical properties. This results in a compromised bonding with enamel at the enamel interface, which is susceptible to marginal leakage leading to hypersensitivity and secondary caries. Therefore, the search for an alternate strategy to repair enamel is needed. Chitosan, a naturally occurring polymer of chitin, seems to fill this void as an effective anti-cariogenic agent as it has both antibacterial and acid absorbing capacity (enamel protection capacity). This study was undertaken to assess the enamel surface changes by SEM on 40 premolar teeth pre-treated with water soluble Carboxymethyl chitosan and Chitosan lactate which were subjected to cariogenic acids. © 2010 RJPBCS.


Visveswaraiah P.M.,Pacific University at Udaipur | Prasad D.,Farooqia Dental College
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2016

A strong relationship exists between the indigenous microbiota of the human body and their influence on systemic disease. Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) are the main etiologic agents of periodontal diseases. Periodontal therapy aims to maintain oral hygiene by the elimination of pathogenic microorganisms. This is achieved mechanically by tooth brushing, oral prophylaxis and by using antimicrobial agents such as chlorhexidine. The adverse effects of chitosan necessitates the search for a superior alternative. Chitosan, a deacetylated polymer of chitin which forms the structural components in the exoskeleton of arthropods or in the cell walls of certain fungi, has wide-ranging antimicrobial activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, as well as fungi. The insolublility of chitosan in water and organic solvents limits its utilization which can be overcome by chemical modification of the structure of chitosan. Antimicrobial activity of water soluble chitosan lactate and carboxymethyl chitosan was evaluated against Aa and Pg by agar well diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was done for the same. Chitosan lactate and carboxymethyl chitosan exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against Aa and Pg and could be used as a potential antimicrobial in periodontal therapy.


PubMed | Farooqia Dental College, Yenepoya Dental College, KMCT Dental College and Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology : JOMFP | Year: 2015

Assessment of potential for malignant transformation of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) through clinical or light microscopic examination of hematoxylin and eosin stained tissue sections is not totally satisfactory. The search is for such a tissue marker that will differentiate those cases of OSF, which carry a higher risk for malignant transformation. During the past few years, numerous workers have validated the usefulness of enumerating argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in predicting the malignant potential of lesions. The present study was carried out to validate the diagnostic potential of this marker.Quantitative and qualitative assessment of AgNORs in different grades of OSF and to compare the count of AgNORs in different grades of OSF and normal mucosa.AgNORs were investigated in tissue specimens from 90 patients diagnosed with different histopathological grades of OSF. AgNORs were identified in tissue specimens stained with silver nitrate, using light microscope. AgNORs were counted as small, large and total count to analyze them both quantitatively and qualitatively.Results were subjected to statistical analysis for obtaining significance value (P value) by unpaired Students t-test.The mean total count of AgNORs was 2.464 0.101, 4.358 0.108, 3.704 0.106 and 3.279 0.161 in normal mucosa, Grades I, II and III of OSF, respectively. A qualitative difference was observed in the presentation of AgNORs in different grades of OSF. Mean value of small nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) decreased while the mean of large NORs increased as the grade of OSF increased.The study findings suggest that AgNORs are increased in OSF and they can serve as a reliable tool adjunct to histopathological diagnosis. Their ease of demonstration and high specificity to cellular proliferation make them the best available histopathological marker in the arsenal of an oral pathologist.


Hassan S.S.,Farooqia Dental College | Rai M.,KVG Dental College
Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery | Year: 2010

Introduction: TMJ ankylosis is a condition which results in partial to complete inability to open the mouth due to fusion of head of condyle and glenoid fossa. Case Report: A 28 year old man reported to our department with a complaint of inability to open mouth since 13 years. On basis of clinical examination, radiographs and CT scans, he was diagnosed with complete bilateral bony TMJ ankylosis. The treatment plan included bilateral condylectomy with coronoidectomy through a combination of endaural and rhytidectomy incision and interpositional grafting with temporalis myofascial flap. Reconstruction of the TMJ was done with specially designed stainless steel partial condylar prosthesis. Extended genioplasty was done to advance the chin. Post-operative early physiotherapy was initiated with a custom made oral physiotherapy device. Complete oral rehabilitation was done with fixed partial dentures, and patient is on regular follow up. Results: Patient had mouth opening of 29 mm and also had a satisfactory esthetic appearence. © 2010 Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India.


Shetty S.K.,JSS Dental College and Hospital | Hegde U.,JSS Dental College and Hospital and 915 | Jagadish L.,Azamgarh Dental College and Hospital | Shetty C.,Farooqia Dental College
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2016

Small innocuous growths on the face usually do not pose difficulty in diagnosis on histopathology. However, some benign inflammatory lesions might mimic malignancy and hence need further investigations for final diagnosis. The distinction between a benign/inflammatory/malignant lesion needs no emphasis as the treatment plan, prognosis and the patient's well-being depends on it. Lymphocytoma cutis, or Spiegler-Fendt Sarcoid, is classed as one of the pseudolymphomas, referring to inflammatory disorders in which the accumulation of lymphocytes on the skin resembles, clinically and histopathologically, cutaneous lymphomas. To obtain an accurate diagnosis, careful clinical evaluation, as well as histopathological and immunohistochemical examination is needed. One such case of an otherwise unassuming growth mimicking malignancy is being presented. © 2016 Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


PubMed | Farooqia Dental College and JSS Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

Osteomas are rare benign tumours in the bone. We describe a case of giant osteoma involving the lingual side of the ramus and body of mandible that recurred 8years after its surgical treatment at another hospital. Surgical resection with reconstruction is the treatment of choice for this lesion. The clinicopathological features of osteoma are discussed and Gardners syndrome was excluded.


Verma P.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute | Verma K.G.,Surendera Dental College and Research Institute | Kumaraswam K.L.,Farooqia Dental College | Basavaraju S.,Jss Dental College | And 2 more authors.
Imaging Science in Dentistry | Year: 2014

Purpose: The present study was aimed to investigate the variation of soft palate morphology in different age and gender groups. The correlations of radiographic velar length (VL), velar width (VW), pharyngeal depth (PD), and Need's ratio with soft palate variants were also studied in the North Indian subpopulation. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 300 subjects aged between 15 and 45 (mean: 31.32) years. The velar morphology on lateral cephalograms was examined and grouped into six types. The results obtained were subjected to a statistical analysis to find the correlation between variants of the soft palate with gender and different age groups. Results: The most frequent type of soft palate was leaf shaped (48.7%), and the least common was crook shaped (3.0%) among both the genders and various age groups, showing a significant correlation. The mean VL, VW, and PD values were significantly higher in males and significantly correlated with the types of soft palate. A significant correlation was observed between the mean VL, VW, PD, and Need's ratio with various age groups, showing an inconsistent pattern with an increase in age. The types of soft palate, gender, and Need's ratio were also significantly correlated, with an overall higher mean value of the Need's ratio among female subjects and the S-shaped soft palate. Conclusion: The knowledge of a varied spectrum of velar morphology and the variants of the soft palate help in a better understanding of the velopharyngeal closure and craniofacial anomalies. © 2014 by Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology.


PubMed | Farooqia Dental College, Jss Dental College and Surendera Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Imaging science in dentistry | Year: 2014

The present study was aimed to investigate the variation of soft palate morphology in different age and gender groups. The correlations of radiographic velar length (VL), velar width (VW), pharyngeal depth (PD), and Needs ratio with soft palate variants were also studied in the North Indian subpopulation.The study sample consisted of 300 subjects aged between 15 and 45 (mean: 31.32) years. The velar morphology on lateral cephalograms was examined and grouped into six types. The results obtained were subjected to a statistical analysis to find the correlation between variants of the soft palate with gender and different age groups.The most frequent type of soft palate was leaf shaped (48.7%), and the least common was crook shaped (3.0%) among both the genders and various age groups, showing a significant correlation. The mean VL, VW, and PD values were significantly higher in males and significantly correlated with the types of soft palate. A significant correlation was observed between the mean VL, VW, PD, and Needs ratio with various age groups, showing an inconsistent pattern with an increase in age. The types of soft palate, gender, and Needs ratio were also significantly correlated, with an overall higher mean value of the Needs ratio among female subjects and the S-shaped soft palate.The knowledge of a varied spectrum of velar morphology and the variants of the soft palate help in a better understanding of the velopharyngeal closure and craniofacial anomalies.


Puttaraju G.H.,Farooqia Dental College | Visveswariah P.M.,Farooqia Dental College
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2013

Hereditary hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is typically inherited as an X-linked recessive trait, characterized by deformity of at least two or more of the ectodermal structures - hair, teeth, nails and sweat glands. Two cases of hereditary HED involving identical male twins, is being documented for the rarity of its occurrence with special attention given to genetics, pathophysiology, clinical, intraoral manifestations and to the methods to improve the masticatory function, the facial esthetics and psychology of patients affected by this disease.

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