Shamsaee F.,Farhangian University
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2013
Background: The purpose of this study was the comparison of emotional intelligence in athletes and non athletes. Methods: The methodology in this study was casual-comparative. The populations in this study were all the athletes and non athletes in region 10 in Tehran. The population in this study was made 105 participants (52 athletes and 53 non athletes). The instruments for data collection included demographics questionnaire, Bar-On (2006) emotional intelligence Questionnaire. From non parametric- Mann - whitney U Test was used to the comparison of emotional intelligence in athletes and non athletes. Results: The results show that ranking mean of problem solving and sympathy dimensions in athletes were lower significantly ratio to non athletes, but ranking mean of Realism and responsibility dimensions in athletes were higher significantly ratio to non athletes. But other variables significantly different was not shown between athletes and non athletes. Conclusion: Considering the findings of this study show that apparently Realism and responsibility dimensions in athletes were higher, but to generalize the results more research is needed. © 2013 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.
Adibfar F.,Farhangian University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013
Persian economy, during the reign of the Qājār dynasty, depended mainly upon traditional farming. Rural and nomadic populations used to comprise 75 percent of the national population. Global changes in politics and economy influenced Persia by changing its agricultural pattern. Moreover, the autocratic Qājār government, colonial competitions of the European countries in Persia had serious damages to its handicrafts and new industries, making its business too slack.
Sarrafi Y.,University of Mazandaran |
Sadatshahabi M.,University of Mazandaran |
Hamzehloueian M.,Islamic Azad University |
Alimohammadi K.,Farhangian University |
Tajbakhsh M.,University of Mazandaran
Synthesis (Germany) | Year: 2013
Dimethyl 2-(aryloxy)fumarates and dimethyl 2-(alkyl- or arylthio)fumarates are shown to be efficient dipolarophiles in 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction with azomethine ylides, which are generated by the reaction of isatin with the secondary amino acids proline or sarcosine. In these reactions, dimethyl 2-(alkyl- or arylthio)fumarates afforded spirooxindolopyrrolizidines or -pyrrolidines in high yields with excellent regioselectivities, while dimethyl 2-(aryloxy)fumarates produced mixtures of regioisomers. DFT calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level were consistent with the observed results. Tri- and tetracyclic compounds were obtained through regio- and stereoselective intramolecular cycloaddition of O-vinylic salicylaldehyde with secondary amino acids. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart. New York.
Borzooei R.A.,Shahid Beheshti University |
Goraghani S.S.,Farhangian University
Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems | Year: 2016
In this paper, by considering the notion of MV-modules, which is the structure that naturally correspond tolu-modules over lu-rings, we present the definitions of finitely generated and free MV-modules. Also, we define the notions of Ak-module and free Ak-module, where A is a PMV-algebra and k ∈ ℕ. In a special case, we obtain a general representation for a free Ak-module. In the follow, by considering the notion of free objects, we obtain a method to construct a free objecton a nonempty set in Ak-modules. Finally, we present the definitions of invariant dimension property and Ak-invariant dimension property in PMV-algebras and prove that every PMV-algebra has the Ak-invariant dimension property. © 2016 - IOS Press and the authors.
Kamalianfar A.,University Putra Malaysia |
Kamalianfar A.,Farhangian University |
Halim S.A.,University Putra Malaysia |
Khorsand Zak A.,Islamic Azad University at Esfarayen
Ceramics International | Year: 2014
ZnO micro and nanostructures were grown on copper coated silicon substrates using two different systems: an opened system (both ends opened tube) and a closed system (one closed end tube). The thermodynamic conditions of the systems made a significant difference in boundary layer and super-saturation between the systems. The results indicate that diffusion of the gaseous species through the boundary layers at low and high pressures controls the final formation of the morphologies. The ZnO nanostructures which have been grown in a restricted place have larger diameters and lengths. The structure of the products was analyzed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and it was found that the good crystalline quality of the samples was obtained in a closed system. To study the optical properties, photoluminescence (PL) and ultra violet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy were employed. It was observed that a decrease in the growth temperature of the opened system caused a broad and dominant visible emission covering the blue and green emission in the PL spectra. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.