Farhangian University

Bandar ‘Abbās, Iran

Farhangian University

Bandar ‘Abbās, Iran
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Rammazi M.G.,Farhangian University | Dehghan H.,University of Mazandaran | Abolghasemi A.,Guilan University
International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction | Year: 2017

Background: Students with learning disabilities, in comparison to normal students, have relatively more problems. Objectives: The aim of the present study is to compare the social support, aggression and self-injurious behaviors in students with and without learning disabilities. Patients and Methods: All students with and without learning disabilities from secondary schools of Ardabil, Iran constitute the research population. Sixty students were randomly selected by cluster sampling. Raven's IQ Test, Social Support Scale, Aggression Questionnaire and Deliberate Self-harm Inventory were utilized for data collection. The MANOVA test also was applied for data analyzing. Results: The results of the present study indicated that students with learning disabilities, in comparison with normal students, have a inferior perceived social support and a higher rate of aggression as well as a higher self-injurious behavior. Analyses of regression also delineated that social support, physical aggression and verbal aggression can predict self-injurious behaviors in students with learning disabilities. Conclusions: Low social support and high aggression are two important factors which affect self-injurious behaviors in students with learning disabilities. © 2016, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.


Kamalianfar A.,University Putra Malaysia | Kamalianfar A.,Farhangian University | Halim S.A.,University Putra Malaysia | Khorsand Zak A.,Islamic Azad University at Esfarayen
Ceramics International | Year: 2014

ZnO micro and nanostructures were grown on copper coated silicon substrates using two different systems: an opened system (both ends opened tube) and a closed system (one closed end tube). The thermodynamic conditions of the systems made a significant difference in boundary layer and super-saturation between the systems. The results indicate that diffusion of the gaseous species through the boundary layers at low and high pressures controls the final formation of the morphologies. The ZnO nanostructures which have been grown in a restricted place have larger diameters and lengths. The structure of the products was analyzed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and it was found that the good crystalline quality of the samples was obtained in a closed system. To study the optical properties, photoluminescence (PL) and ultra violet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy were employed. It was observed that a decrease in the growth temperature of the opened system caused a broad and dominant visible emission covering the blue and green emission in the PL spectra. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.


Sarrafi Y.,University of Mazandaran | Sadatshahabi M.,University of Mazandaran | Hamzehloueian M.,Islamic Azad University | Alimohammadi K.,Farhangian University | Tajbakhsh M.,University of Mazandaran
Synthesis (Germany) | Year: 2013

Dimethyl 2-(aryloxy)fumarates and dimethyl 2-(alkyl- or arylthio)fumarates are shown to be efficient dipolarophiles in 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction with azomethine ylides, which are generated by the reaction of isatin with the secondary amino acids proline or sarcosine. In these reactions, dimethyl 2-(alkyl- or arylthio)fumarates afforded spirooxindolopyrrolizidines or -pyrrolidines in high yields with excellent regioselectivities, while dimethyl 2-(aryloxy)fumarates produced mixtures of regioisomers. DFT calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level were consistent with the observed results. Tri- and tetracyclic compounds were obtained through regio- and stereoselective intramolecular cycloaddition of O-vinylic salicylaldehyde with secondary amino acids. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart. New York.


Moradi M.,University of Tehran | Delavar M.R.,University of Tehran | Moradi A.,Farhangian University
International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives | Year: 2015

Being one of the natural disasters, earthquake can seriously damage buildings, urban facilities and cause road blockage. Post-earthquake route planning is problem that has been addressed in frequent researches. The main aim of this research is to present a route planning model for after earthquake. It is assumed in this research that no damage data is available. The presented model tries to find the optimum route based on a number of contributing factors which mainly indicate the length, width and safety of the road. The safety of the road is represented by a number of criteria such as distance to faults, percentage of non-standard buildings and percentage of high buildings around the route. An integration of genetic algorithm and ordered weighted averaging operator is employed in the model. The former searches the problem space among all alternatives, while the latter aggregates the scores of road segments to compute an overall score for each alternative. Ordered weighted averaging operator enables the users of the system to evaluate the alternative routes based on their decision strategy. Based on the proposed model, an optimistic user tries to find the shortest path between the two points, whereas a pessimistic user tends to pay more attention to safety parameters even if it enforces a longer route. The results depicts that decision strategy can considerably alter the optimum route. Moreover, post-earthquake route planning is a function of not only the length of the route but also the probability of the road blockage.


Borzooei R.A.,Shahid Beheshti University | Goraghani S.S.,Farhangian University
Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems | Year: 2016

In this paper, by considering the notion of MV-modules, which is the structure that naturally correspond tolu-modules over lu-rings, we present the definitions of finitely generated and free MV-modules. Also, we define the notions of Ak-module and free Ak-module, where A is a PMV-algebra and k ∈ ℕ. In a special case, we obtain a general representation for a free Ak-module. In the follow, by considering the notion of free objects, we obtain a method to construct a free objecton a nonempty set in Ak-modules. Finally, we present the definitions of invariant dimension property and Ak-invariant dimension property in PMV-algebras and prove that every PMV-algebra has the Ak-invariant dimension property. © 2016 - IOS Press and the authors.


Naseri M.G.,University of Malayer | Kamari H.M.,University Putra Malaysia | Dehzangi A.,National University of Malaysia | Kamalianfar A.,Farhangian University | Saion E.B.,University Putra Malaysia
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials | Year: 2015

In this research,a novel chromium-iron oxide (Cr2Fe6O12) nanoparticle with rhombohedral symmetry was prepared by a simple thermal treatment method.Heat treatment was conducted using an electric cylinder furnace in an air atmosphere at temperatures between 773 and 923 K, where the produced chromium-ironoxide nanoparticles had different crystallite sizes ranging from 9 to 20 nm. The products were well characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), X-ray analysis (EDXA), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The samples demonstrated a magnetic behavior with unpaired electron spins, which was confirmed by using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.


Borzooei R.A.,Shahid Beheshti University | Goraghani S.S.,Farhangian University
4th Iranian Joint Congress on Fuzzy and Intelligent Systems, CFIS 2015 | Year: 2015

In this paper, by considering the notion of MV - modules, which is the structure that naturally correspond to lu-modules over lu-rings, we state and prove some essential homomorphism theorems in MV-modules. In the follows, we investigate the noetherian MV-modules and we extend the Kohen Theorem to MV-modules. © 2015 IEEE.


Adibfar F.,Farhangian University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

Persian economy, during the reign of the Qājār dynasty, depended mainly upon traditional farming. Rural and nomadic populations used to comprise 75 percent of the national population. Global changes in politics and economy influenced Persia by changing its agricultural pattern. Moreover, the autocratic Qājār government, colonial competitions of the European countries in Persia had serious damages to its handicrafts and new industries, making its business too slack.


Shamsaee F.,Farhangian University
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2013

Background: The purpose of this study was the comparison of emotional intelligence in athletes and non athletes. Methods: The methodology in this study was casual-comparative. The populations in this study were all the athletes and non athletes in region 10 in Tehran. The population in this study was made 105 participants (52 athletes and 53 non athletes). The instruments for data collection included demographics questionnaire, Bar-On (2006) emotional intelligence Questionnaire. From non parametric- Mann - whitney U Test was used to the comparison of emotional intelligence in athletes and non athletes. Results: The results show that ranking mean of problem solving and sympathy dimensions in athletes were lower significantly ratio to non athletes, but ranking mean of Realism and responsibility dimensions in athletes were higher significantly ratio to non athletes. But other variables significantly different was not shown between athletes and non athletes. Conclusion: Considering the findings of this study show that apparently Realism and responsibility dimensions in athletes were higher, but to generalize the results more research is needed. © 2013 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Mansouri A.,Farhangian University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2012

Generally it is said that short story in Iran has begun by Yeki bud, yeki nabud (Once upon a time), penned by Jamalzadeh. Although this opinion seems to be true from the contemporary scholars' point of view, by studying the oroginal story of Afshin and Bodelf in Tarikh-E Beyhaghi it is understood that Beyhaghi has selected the framework of telling stories in stories and has narrated the story in a way that owns all the features and elements of contemporary stories. This paper aims to display the artistic talent and writing capability of Beyhaghi in "Afshin and Bodelf" whose theme is "whilte lie." This story which has a realistic framework was accomplished by Beyhaghi and mediated by "Ismael Ben Shahab" and "Ahmed Ben Abi David" (Hero narrator). The overall story is moving deductively. In this drama-like story, there are two kinds of internal and external descriptions. One of the most important features of Afshin and Bodelf is its dramatic form. In the end, dear readers will find out that writing story in Iran is beyond imitation western contemporary stories and is as old as a millennium.

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