Institute Analisis Fares Taie

Mar del Plata, Argentina

Institute Analisis Fares Taie

Mar del Plata, Argentina
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Szawarski N.,University of Buenos Aires | Quintana S.,Institute Analisis Fares Taie | Levy E.,University of the Sea | Lucia M.,National University of La Plata | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Apicultural Research | Year: 2017

The honey bee tracheal mite Acarapis woodi (Rennie) (Acari: Tarsonemidae) is an internal obligate parasite of the respiratory system of adult honey bees (Apis mellifera), which may be one of the factors causing the loss of bee colonies and the decrease in the beekeeping industry. In Argentina, the last prevalence study of A. woodi was in 1998, and therefore there is no current data on the prevalence and impact of the mite in colonies of A. mellifera in this country. For this reason, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of A. woodi in honey bee colonies of apiaries belonging to different geographic regions of Argentina (Northwest, Chaco, Mesopotamic, Pampean and Patagonic) using two different methods of diagnosis. One method was traditional microscopy, which is based on direct visualization of A. woodi in the prothoracic tracheas of bees, and the other technique was molecular analysis using real-time PCR with specific primers to amplify CO1 gene of A. woodi. To perform the analysis of prevalence, bees were collected during winter, because during this season, populations of A. woodi are more abundant in bee colonies. The results were negative for both methods of diagnosis, with prevalence equal to 0%. Considering that in recent years it has been reported an increased mortality in bee colonies in Argentina, we note that acarapisosis is not currently impacting on the disappearance of A. mellifera colonies in Argentina. © 2017 International Bee Research Association


Marin M.S.,CONICET | Quintana S.,Institute Analisis Fares Taie | Leunda M.R.,Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria | Odeon A.C.,Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria | Perez S.E.,CONICET
Research in Veterinary Science | Year: 2014

In this study, the expression levels of viral Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the nervous system of bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5)-infected calves were investigated. A significant increase in the expression of TLRs 3 and 7-9 was found in the anterior cerebral cortex during acute infection and viral reactivation. In the trigeminal ganglia, only TLR9 expression was significantly affected. The magnitude of the increase was lower in BoHV-1-infected calves, suggesting that a restricted immune response might protect against exacerbated inflammatory responses in the brain. This work describes, for the first time, the involvement of TLRs 3 and 7-9 in the recognition of BoHV in the bovine nervous system, indicating that the expression of these receptors might be associated with the development of neurological disease. Modulation of the signalling pathways mediated by TLRs might provide an effective approach to control the neuro-immune response to BoHV-5, which may be responsible for neurological lesions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | CONICET, Institute Analisis Fares Taie and Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Research in veterinary science | Year: 2014

The involvement of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BoHV-1) and 5 (BoHV-5) infections has not been analyzed. In this study, the role of TLR signaling on virus replication was investigated. Blood leukocytes consistently express TLRs. Thus, our approach was to study in vitro the effects of agonist stimulation of TLRs expressed by peripheral blood leukocytes on BoHV-1 and BoHV-5 replication. Furthermore, the patterns of TLRs 3, 7-9 expression on virus-infected-bovine leukocytes were analyzed. Only Imiquimod (TLR7/8 agonist) showed anti-viral activity on infected MDBK cells. This is the first evidence that the timely activation of TLR7/8 signaling is effective in impairing BoHV-1 and 5 replication, thereby providing an experimental indication that Imiquimod may be a promising immune modulator. This work describes, for the first time, the expression patterns of TLRs in BoHV-1- or BoHV-5-infected-bovine leukocytes, suggesting the involvement of TLR7 and TLR9 in the recognition of these viruses.


PubMed | CONICET, Institute Analisis Fares Taie, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria and National University of Central Buenos Aires
Type: | Journal: Journal of virological methods | Year: 2015

Bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BoHV-1) and 5 (BoHV-5) are antigenically and genetically similar. The aim of this study was to develop a simple and reliable one-step real time PCR assay with high resolution melting (HRM) analysis for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of BoHV-1 and BoHV-5. Optimization of assay conditions was performed with DNA from reference strains. Then, DNA from field isolates, clinical samples and tissue samples of experimentally infected animals were studied by real time PCR-HRM. An efficient amplification of real time PCR products was obtained, and a clear melting curve and appropriate melting peaks for both viruses were achieved in the HRM curve analysis for BoHV type identification. BoHV was identified in all of the isolates and clinical samples, and BoHV types were properly differentiated. Furthermore, viral DNA was detected in 12/18 and 7/18 samples from BoHV-1- and BoHV-5-infected calves, respectively. Real time PCR-HRM achieved a higher sensitivity compared with virus isolation or conventional PCR. In this study, HRM was used as a novel procedure. This method provides rapid, sensitive, specific and simultaneous detection of bovine alpha-herpesviruses DNA. Thus, this technique is an excellent tool for diagnosis, research and epidemiological studies of these viruses in cattle.


Marin M.S.,CONICET | Quintana S.,Institute Analisis Fares Taie | Leunda M.R.,Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria | Recavarren M.,Institute Analisis Fares Taie | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2016

Bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BoHV-1) and 5 (BoHV-5) are antigenically and genetically similar. The aim of this study was to develop a simple and reliable one-step real time PCR assay with high resolution melting (HRM) analysis for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of BoHV-1 and BoHV-5. Optimization of assay conditions was performed with DNA from reference strains. Then, DNA from field isolates, clinical samples and tissue samples of experimentally infected animals were studied by real time PCR-HRM. An efficient amplification of real time PCR products was obtained, and a clear melting curve and appropriate melting peaks for both viruses were achieved in the HRM curve analysis for BoHV type identification. BoHV was identified in all of the isolates and clinical samples, and BoHV types were properly differentiated. Furthermore, viral DNA was detected in 12/18 and 7/18 samples from BoHV-1- and BoHV-5-infected calves, respectively. Real time PCR-HRM achieved a higher sensitivity compared with virus isolation or conventional PCR. In this study, HRM was used as a novel procedure. This method provides rapid, sensitive, specific and simultaneous detection of bovine alpha-herpesviruses DNA. Thus, this technique is an excellent tool for diagnosis, research and epidemiological studies of these viruses in cattle. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..


PubMed | CONICET, Institute Analisis Fares Taie and Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Research in veterinary science | Year: 2014

In this study, the expression levels of viral Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the nervous system of bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5)-infected calves were investigated. A significant increase in the expression of TLRs 3 and 7-9 was found in the anterior cerebral cortex during acute infection and viral reactivation. In the trigeminal ganglia, only TLR9 expression was significantly affected. The magnitude of the increase was lower in BoHV-1-infected calves, suggesting that a restricted immune response might protect against exacerbated inflammatory responses in the brain. This work describes, for the first time, the involvement of TLRs 3 and 7-9 in the recognition of BoHV in the bovine nervous system, indicating that the expression of these receptors might be associated with the development of neurological disease. Modulation of the signalling pathways mediated by TLRs might provide an effective approach to control the neuro-immune response to BoHV-5, which may be responsible for neurological lesions.


PubMed | CONICET, Institute Analisis Fares Taie, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria and National University of Central Buenos Aires
Type: | Journal: Research in veterinary science | Year: 2016

This study provides an initial analysis of the toll-like receptors (TLRs) that might be implicated in alpha-herpesvirus infection of the bovine respiratory system. A significant variation in the expression of TLR3 and TLRs 7-9 during bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) and 5 (BoHV-5) acute infections and particularly an up-regulation during viral reactivation in respiratory tissues has been demonstrated. Furthermore, viral distribution in the respiratory tract of BoHV-1- and BoHV-5-infected calves at different stages of the infectious cycle was analysed. The wide distribution of BoHV DNA in the respiratory tract during acute infection was restricted during latent infection and the subsequent reactivation of BoHV-1 and BoHV-5. Overall, the findings presented here contribute to the knowledge on the replication and dissemination of bovine alpha-herpesviruses. Furthermore, some of the immune factors triggered in the host that determine the different outcomes of infection by two closely related pathogens of cattle have been elucidated.

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