Familial Breast Cancer Research

Toronto, Canada

Familial Breast Cancer Research

Toronto, Canada

Time filter

Source Type

Segev Y.,Womens College Research Institute | Segev Y.,University of Toronto | Pal T.,Womens College Research Institute | Rosen B.,University of Toronto | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer | Year: 2013

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between microsatellite instability (MSI) status and (1) ovarian cancer risk factors and (2) the distribution of the specific histologic subtypes in a population-based sample of epithelial ovarian cancers. Methods: Participants were drawn from 3 population-based studies of primary epithelial ovarian cancer. Tumor DNA was analyzed using 5 standardized microsatellite markers to assess MSI status. Patients were divided into 3 groups (MSI-high, MSI-low, and MSIstable) according to National Cancer Institute criteria. We compared the prevalence of specific known risk and protective factors among the 3 subgroups, including body mass index, smoking history, parity, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation status, past oral contraceptive use, and tubal ligation. Similarly, we compared the distribution of the histologic subtypes among the 3 subgroups. Results: A total of 917 ovarian cancer patients were included. One hundred twenty-seven (13.8%) cancers were MSI-high. Subgroup analyses according to smoking, body mass index, parity, past oral contraceptive use, and past tubal ligation did not reveal any statistically significant differences among the groups. Among the 29 patients with BRCA1 mutations, 20.7% had MSI-high cancers compared with 5.9% among 17 BRCA2-mutation patients. The proportions of different ovarian cancer histologic findings among the variousMSI subgroups were similar. Conclusions: The prevalence of risk and protective factors among ovarian cancer patients is similar for cancers with and withoutMSI. The distributions ofMSI do not differ significantly among ovarian cancers with different histologic findings.Ovarian cancer patients with BRCA1 mutations had a 21%rate ofMSI-high tumors, comparedwith 6%among patients with BRCA2 mutations, but this difference was not statistically significant. © 2013 by IGCS and ESGO.


Segev Y.,Familial Breast Cancer Research | Segev Y.,University of Toronto | Segev Y.,Princess Margaret Hospital | Pal T.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer | Year: 2014

Objective: In a population-based sample of epithelial ovarian cancers, the objective of this study was to evaluate the association between microsatellite instability (MSI) status and the following factors: (1) ovarian cancer risk factors and (2) the distribution of the specific histologic subtypes. Patients and Methods: Participants were drawn from 3 population-based studies of primary epithelial ovarian cancer; tumor DNAwas analyzed using 5 standardized microsatellite markers to assess the MSI status. Patients were divided into 3 groups (MSI-high, MSI-low and MSI-stable) according to the National Cancer Institute criteria. We compared the prevalence of specific known risk and protective factors among the 3 subgroups, including body mass index, smoking history, parity, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation status, past oral contraceptive use, and tubal ligation. Similarly, we compared the distribution of the histologic subtypes among the 3 subgroups. Results: A total of 917 ovarian cancer patients were included. One hundred twenty-seven cases of cancer (13.8%) were MSI-high. Subgroup analyses according to smoking, body mass index, parity, past oral contraceptive use, and past tubal ligation did not reveal any statistically significant differences among the groups. Among the 29 patients with BRCA1 mutations, 20.7% had MSI-high cancers compared with 5.9% among 17 patients with BRCA2 mutations. The proportions of different ovarian cancer histologies among the various MSI subgroups were similar. Conclusions: The prevalence of risk and protective factors among ovarian cancer patients is similar for cancers with and without MSI. The distributions of MSI do not differ significantly among ovarian cancers with different histologies. Ovarian cancer patients with BRCA1 mutations had a 21% rate of MSI-high tumors compared with 6% among patients with BRCA2 mutations, but this difference was not statistically significant. Copyright © 2014 by IGCS and ESGO.


Segev Y.,Familial Breast Cancer Research | Segev Y.,University of Toronto | Rosen B.,University of Toronto | Lubinski J.,Pomeranian Medical University | And 14 more authors.
Familial Cancer | Year: 2015

BRCA mutation carriers may use tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention or treatment. Hormone replacement therapy is often prescribed after surgical menopause and oral contraceptives are recommended for ovarian cancer prevention. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of these medications and other risk factors on endometrial cancer risk in BRCA carriers. Women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation were identified from a registry of mutation carriers. Cases were 83 women who had a diagnosis of endometrial cancer. Controls were 1027 matched women who did not develop endometrial cancer and who had an intact uterus. All women completed a baseline questionnaire, which included questions about ages at menarche and menopause, oral contraceptive use, hormone replacement therapy use, hysterectomy, oophorectomy, breast cancer history and tamoxifen use. We estimated the odds ratio associated with each risk factor in a multivariate analysis. No differences were found between cases and controls in terms of age at menarche, BMI, smoking, or oral contraceptive use. In a multivariate analysis, for women taking estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy, the odds ratio was 0.23 (95 % CI 0.03–1.78, p = 0.16), and for women taking progesterone-only hormone replacement therapy the odds ratio was 6.91 (95 % CI 0.99–98.1, p = 0.05). The adjusted odds ratio for endometrial cancer associated with a history of tamoxifen use was 3.50 (95 % CI 1.51–8.10, p = 0.003). The observed increased risk of endometrial cancer associated with progesterone-only therapy merits further study. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


PubMed | Familial Breast Cancer Research, Juravinksi Cancer Center, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Fondazione IRCSS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British journal of cancer | Year: 2016

Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase the susceptibility to develop breast and ovarian cancers as well as increase the risk of some other cancers. Primary objective was to estimate the risk of leukaemia in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers.We followed 7243 women with a BRCA1 or a BRCA2 mutation for incident cases of leukaemia. We used the standardised incidence ratio (SIR) to estimate the relative risk of leukaemia, according to mutation and history of breast cancer.We identified five incident cases of leukaemia (two BRCA1, three BRCA2). All five women had a prior history of breast cancer and four had received chemotherapy. The mean time from breast cancer diagnosis to the development of leukaemia was 10.2 years (range 3-18 years). The SIR for BRCA1 carriers was 0.66 (95% CI: 0.11-2.19, P=0.61) and the SIR for BRCA2 carriers was 2.42 (95% CI: 0.61-6.58, P=0.17). The SIR was significantly higher than expected for women with a BRCA2 mutation and breast cancer (SIR=4.76, 95% CI:1.21-12.96, P=0.03), in particular for women who received chemotherapy (SIR=8.11, 2.06-22.07, P=0.007).We observed an increased risk of leukaemia in women with a BRCA2 mutation who receive chemotherapy for breast cancer.


Phelan C.M.,Moffitt Cancer Center | Iqbal J.,Familial Breast Cancer Research | Lynch H.T.,Creighton University | Lubinski J.,Pomeranian Medical University | And 16 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014

Background:The BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes confer increased susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer and to a spectrum of other cancers. There is controversy regarding the risk of colorectal cancer conferred by germline mutations in these two genes.Methods:We followed 7015 women with a BRCA mutation for new cases of colorectal cancer. Incidence rates in carriers were compared with population-specific incidence rates, and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were estimated. The expected numbers of cancers were computed by multiplying person-years at risk by the appropriate age-, sex-and country-specific incidence rates from the five countries.Results:Twenty-one incident colorectal cancer cases were observed among all mutation carriers, compared with 23.6 cases expected. The SIR for BRCA1 carriers was 0.92 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.54-1.40, P=0.7) and for BRCA2 carriers was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.30-1.81, P=0.7). The SIR for colon cancer was 3.81 (95% CI 1.77-7.23) for women below the age of 50 years (both genes combined) and was 0.60 (95% CI 0.33-1.00) for women aged 50 years and above.Conclusion:The risk of colorectal cancer is increased in female carriers of BRCA1 mutations below the age of 50 years but not in women with BRCA2 mutations or in older women. © 2014 Cancer Research UK.


Iqbal J.,Familial Breast Cancer Research | Ragone A.,Pomeranian Medical University | Lubinski J.,Creighton University | Lynch H.T.,Norwegian Radium Hospital | And 15 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2012

Background:Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 predispose to pancreatic cancer. We estimated the incidence of pancreatic cancer in a cohort of female carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation. We also estimated survival rates in pancreatic cancer cases from families with a BRCA mutation.Methods:We followed 5149 women with a mutation for new cases of pancreatic cancer. The standardised incidence ratios (SIR) for pancreatic cancer were calculated based on age group and country of residence. We also reviewed the pedigrees of 8140 pedigrees with a BRCA1 or a BRCA2 mutation for those with a case of pancreatic cancer. We recorded the year of diagnosis and the year of death for 351 identified cases.Results:Eight incident pancreatic cancer cases were identified among all mutation carriers. The SIR for BRCA1 carriers was 2.55 (95% CI=1.03-5.31, P=0.04) and for BRCA2 carriers was 2.13 (95% CI=0.36-7.03, P=0.3). The 5-year survival rate was 5% for cases from a BRCA1 family and 4% for cases from a BRCA2 family.Conclusion:The risk of pancreatic cancer is approximately doubled in female BRCA carriers. The poor survival in familial pancreatic cancer underscores the need for novel anti-tumoural strategies. © 2012 Cancer Research UK All rights reserved.


Segev Y.,Familial Breast Cancer Research | Segev Y.,University of Toronto | Iqbal J.,Familial Breast Cancer Research | Lubinski J.,Pomeranian Medical University | And 14 more authors.
Gynecologic Oncology | Year: 2013

Objective To evaluate the risk of endometrial cancer in women who carry a mutation in the BRCA1 or the BRCA2 gene. Methods We followed 4456 women with a BRCA1 or a BRCA2 mutation for incident cases of endometrial cancer. The incidence of endometrial cancer was estimated per 100,000 women per year. The hazard ratios for endometrial cancer were estimated by calculating standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) according to age group and country of residence. We estimated the impact of tamoxifen and hormone replacement therapy on the incidence of endometrial cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. Results After a mean follow-up of 5.7 years, we identified 17 endometrial cancers (13 cases in BRCA1 and 4 cases in BRCA2). The SIR for BRCA1 carriers was 1.91 (95% CI: 1.06-3.19, p = 0.03) and for BRCA2 carriers was 1.75 (95% CI: 0.55-4.23, p = 0.2). The SIR was 4.14 (95% CI: 1.92 to 7.87) for women who received tamoxifen and was 1.67 (95% CI: 0.81 to 3.07) for women who did not receive tamoxifen. The ten-year cumulative risk of endometrial cancer in women who were treated with tamoxifen was 2.0%. Conclusions The risk of endometrial cancer is higher in BRCA1 mutation carriers than in the general population. The excessive risk is largely attributable to a history of tamoxifen use, but the actual risk of endometrial cancer associated with tamoxifen is small. It is important to discuss hysterectomy at the time of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy if tamoxifen is to be considered. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Loading Familial Breast Cancer Research collaborators
Loading Familial Breast Cancer Research collaborators