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Fairmont, WV, United States

Fairmont State University is a public university located in Fairmont, West Virginia, United States. Enrollment of the university is about 4,500 and offers master's degrees in business, education, teaching, architecture, and criminal justice in addition to 90 baccalaureate programs. Wikipedia.

Powell D.W.,Fairmont State University | Long B.,Winston-Salem State University | Milner C.E.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville | Zhang S.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville
Journal of Applied Biomechanics | Year: 2012

The medial longitudinal arch plays a major role in determining lower extremity kinematics. Thus, it is necessary to understand the dynamics of the arch structure in response to load. The purpose of this study was to examine arch function in high- and low-arched feet during a vertical loading condition. Ten high- and ten low-arched females performed five trials in a sit-to-stand exercise. Ground reaction force (1200 Hz) and three-dimensional kinematics (240 Hz) were collected simultaneously. The high-and low-arched athletes had no differences in vertical deformation of the arch. High-arched participants were less everted than the low-arched athletes; furthermore, the high-arched athletes had smaller mid-forefoot eversion excursions. Differences between the high-arched and low-arched athletes occur through and motion at the mid-forefoot joint. © 2012 Human Kinetics, Inc. Source

Chopra N.,University of Alabama | Claypoole L.,Fairmont State University
Journal of Nanoparticle Research | Year: 2010

Chemical synthesis coupled with a microwave irradiation process allowed for the control of size (6-40 nm), shape, and shell thickness of Ni/NiO core/shell nanoparticles. In this unique synthetic route, the size of Ni nanoparticles (NiNPs) was strongly influenced by the nickel salt-to-stabilizer ratio and the amount of the stabilizer. Interestingly, it was observed that the shape of the nanoparticles was altered by varying the reaction time, where longer reaction times resulted in annealing effects and rupture of the stabilizer micelle leading to distinct shapes of Ni/NiO core/shell nanostructures. Product cooling rate was another important parameter identified in this study that not only affected the shape, but also the crystal structure of the core/shell nanoparticles. In addition, a simple and cost-effective method of microwave irradiation of NiNPs led to the formation of distinctly shaped hollow NiO nanoparticles. These high surface area core/shell nanoparticles with well-controlled morphologies are important and can lead to significant advancement in the design of improved fuel cells, electrochromic display devices, and catalysis systems. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Powell D.W.,Fairmont State University | Hanson N.J.,Ohio State University | Long B.,Winston-Salem State University | Blaise Williams D.S.,East Carolina University
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective : To examine ground reaction forces (GRFs); frontal plane hip, knee, and ankle joint angles; and moments in high-arched (HA) and low-arched (LA) athletes during landing. Design : Experimental study. Setting: Controlled research laboratory. Participants : Twenty healthy female recreational athletes (10 HA and 10 LA). Interventions: Athletes performed 5 barefoot drop landings from a height of 30 cm. Main Outcome Measures : Frontal plane ankle, knee, and hip joint angles (in degrees) at initial contact, peak vertical GRF, and peak knee flexion; peak ankle, knee, and hip joint moments in the frontal plane. Results : Vertical GRF profiles were similar between HA and LA athletes (P = 0.78). The HA athletes exhibited significantly smaller peak ankle inversion angles than the LA athletes (P = 0.01) at initial contact. At peak vertical GRF, HA athletes had significantly greater peak knee (P = 0.01) and hip abduction angles than LA athletes (P = 0.02). There were no significant differences between HA and LA athletes in peak joint moments (hip: P = 0.68; knee: P = 0.71; ankle: P = 0.15). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that foot type is associated with altered landing mechanics, which may underlie lower extremity injuries. The ankle-driven strategy previously reported in female athletes suggests that foot function may have a greater relationship with lower extremity injury than that in male athletes. Future research should address the interaction of foot type and gender during landing tasks. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Rogers T.L.,Fairmont State University
Journal of Nursing Education | Year: 2010

In the midst of a national nursing shortage and a demanding health care environment, nursing programs must prepare more nurses by facilitating student success from admission to program completion to licensure. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the factors that contribute to student success in associate degree nursing programs and on the NCLEX-RN®. Six seniors and three faculty members were interviewed, and a document analysis was conducted. Emergent themes were categorized as student related, collaborative, and curriculum related. These themes included, but were not limited to, the need for support systems, motivation, health care experience, critical thinking skills, prioritization of roles and responsibilities, diligent study habits, and faculty involvement. Recommendations for practice and research are discussed in this article. © SLACK Incorporated. Source

Ryan M.J.,West Virginia University | Ryan M.J.,Fairmont State University | Dudash H.J.,West Virginia University | Docherty M.,West Virginia University | And 7 more authors.
Experimental Gerontology | Year: 2010

Aging is associated with increased oxidative stress. Muscle levels of oxidative stress are further elevated with exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine if dietary antioxidant supplementation would improve muscle function and cellular markers of oxidative stress in response to chronic repetitive loading in aging. The dorsiflexors of the left limb of aged and young adult Fischer 344 Brown×Norway rats were loaded 3 times weekly for 4.5weeks using 80 maximal stretch-shortening contractions per session. The contra-lateral limb served as the intra-animal control. The rats were randomly assigned to a diet supplemented with Vitamin E and Vitamin C or normal non-supplemented rat chow. Biomarkers of oxidative stress were measured in the tibialis anterior muscle. Repetitive loading exercise increased maximal isometric force, negative work and positive work in the dorsiflexors of young adult rats. Only positive work increased in the aged animals that were supplemented with Vitamin E and C. Markers of oxidative stress (H2O2, total GSH, GSH/GSSG ratio, malondialdehyde and 8-OHdG) increased in the tibialis anterior muscles from aged and young adult animals with repetitive loading, but Vitamin E and C supplements attenuated this increase. MnSOD activity increased with supplementation in the young adult animals. CuZnSOD and catalase activity increased with supplementation in young adult and aged animals and GPx activity increased with exercise in the non-supplemented young adult and aged animals. The increased levels of endogenous antioxidant enzymes after Vitamin E and C supplementation appear to be regulated by post-transcriptional modifications that are affected differently by age, exercise, and supplementation. These data suggest that antioxidant supplementation improves indices of oxidative stress associated with repetitive loading exercise and aging and improves the positive work output of muscles in aged rodents. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

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