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Fairfield, CT, United States

Fairfield University is a private, co-educational undergraduate and master's level teaching-oriented university located in Fairfield, Connecticut, in the New England region of the United States. It was founded by the Society of Jesus in 1942, and today is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. The primary objectives of a Fairfield University education are to develop the creative intellectual potential of its students and to foster in them ethical and religious values and a sense of social responsibility. All schools of the university are committed to a liberal humanistic approach to education, which encourages interdisciplinary learning.About 3,500 undergraduate and 1,200 graduate students study in Fairfield's five schools and colleges: The Fairfield University College of Arts and science, The Charles F. Dolan School of Business, The School of Engineering, The School of Nursing, and The Graduate School of Education and Allied Professions. The university is notable academically for its nationally recognized accounting and nursing programs along with its liberal arts and science programs which have produced a MacArthur Fellow, a Guggenheim Fellow and sixty-two Fulbright Scholars since 1993. In addition, two Fairfield faculty members were named consecutive Connecticut Professors of the Year by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in 2009 and 2010 in recognition of their extraordinary dedication to undergraduate teaching. Wikipedia.

Ozcelik Y.,Fairfield University
International Journal of Project Management | Year: 2010

This paper examines whether implementation of business process reengineering (BPR) projects improve firm performance by analyzing a comprehensive data set on large firms in the United States. The performance measures utilized in the paper are labor productivity, return on assets, and return on equity. We show that firm performance increases after the BPR projects are finalized, while it remains unaffected during execution. We also find that functionally focused BPR projects on average contribute more to performance than those with a broader cross-functional scope. This may be an indication that potential failure risk of BPR projects may increase beyond a certain level of scope. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd and IPMA. Source

Svoboda T.,Fairfield University
Environmental Values | Year: 2016

If deployed, aerosol geoengineering (AG) could involve unfairness to both present and future parties. I discuss three broad risks of unfairness that an AG deployment policy might carry: (1) causing disproportionate harm to those least responsible for climate change, (2) burdening future parties with the costs and risks of AG and (3) excluding some interested parties from contributing to AG decision-making. Yet despite these risks, it may be too hasty to reject AG deployment as a potential climate-change policy. I argue that since it is very unlikely that a completely fair climate-change policy will be pursued, we have ethical reason to prefer some ‘incompletely fair’ policy. Given various facts about our world, it might be the case that some AG policy is ethically preferable to many other feasible climate change policies, even if AG carries deeply problematic risks of unfairness. © 2016 The White Horse Press. Source

Henkel L.A.,Fairfield University
Psychological Science | Year: 2014

Two studies examined whether photographing objects impacts what is remembered about them. Participants were led on a guided tour of an art museum and were directed to observe some objects and to photograph others. Results showed a photo-taking-impairment effect: If participants took a photo of each object as a whole, they remembered fewer objects and remembered fewer details about the objects and the objects' locations in the museum than if they instead only observed the objects and did not photograph them. However, when participants zoomed in to photograph a specific part of the object, their subsequent recognition and detail memory was not impaired, and, in fact, memory for features that were not zoomed in on was just as strong as memory for features that were zoomed in on. This finding highlights key differences between people's memory and the camera's "memory" and suggests that the additional attentional and cognitive processes engaged by this focused activity can eliminate the photo-taking-impairment effect. © The Author(s) 2013. Source

Vasquez W.F.,Fairfield University
Water Policy | Year: 2011

In Guatemala, water services are frequently interrupted, water pressure is inadequate and tap water is often unsafe to drink. Water providers face the challenge of maintaining water systems and improving water services to provide reliable and safe drinking water. Understanding the perspectives of government officers may help in finding solutions to overcome this challenge. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore officers' opinions and views on municipal water services. Interviews were complemented with content analysis of technical and official documents. Factors identified as determinants of the low quality of water services include low political will, lack of institutional development, low investment in water infrastructure, low household compliance with water systems, and low community participation in the water sector. Findings and policy implications are discussed. © IWA Publishing 2011. Source

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been the treatment of choice for those who experienced or are at risk of sudden cardiac arrest. Many patients who receive these devices experience progressive comorbid and cardiac conditions and may not want the additional survival provided by an ICD. Clinicians will need to counsel patients and families about advanced directives when their ICD is no longer beneficial, to prevent unnecessary suffering near the end of life. The Attitude Towards Advanced Directive Survey was developed to assess patients' level of knowledge and identify the barriers that prevent them from completing advanced directives. This will help clinicians promote completion of advanced directives by addressing barriers and increasing knowledge of them. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the survey and investigate reliability and validity from its use among ICD patients. A convenience sample of 200 patients who have an ICD participated in this study. Psychometric testing of the Attitude Towards Advanced Directive Survey provided evidence to support the validity and reliability of the survey. Moderate to strong factor intercorrelations and conceptual meaningfulness led to the combination of 5 factors. The 5 factors were as follows: factor 1: communication barriers; factor 2: informed confidence; factor 3: timing of discussion; factor 4: patient-family relationship; and factor 5: patient-provider relationship. Reliability coefficient α ranged from .67 to .95 for the factors and .75 for the total scale. Stability reliability of the survey was analyzed through test-retest of the survey, with a response rate of 34% (n = 68), and revealed a significant positive correlation (r = .62; P < .001) between the first and second testing. The participants reported communication barriers and demonstrated poor understanding of their medical condition/treatments and were not comfortable discussing advanced directives with their families. They preferred to discuss advanced directives when they were first diagnosed and at every office visit because they felt more comfortable discussing advanced directives with their healthcare provider. This survey has the potential to be used in clinical practice and future research. Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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